POLAND: Soviet Pressure Intensifies
Publio expressions of alarm over- the situation in Poland by Uto high Soviet officiateeaieion to intensify pressure on Polish leaders either to control preparations for the partv congress or to postpone it. MW
Warsaw Pact commander Kulikov yesterday compared events in Poland with the threat posed by plans toadditional nuclear missiles in West Germany. In an article commemoratingh anniversary of Nazi Germany's attack on the Soviet Union, Kulikov charqed that forces in the West, particularly West Germany, were brazenly intervening- on behalf of counterrevolution in Poland, and he asserted that antisocialist forces in Poland threaten the security of the entire socialist community. MMJ
The articletrong reminder that the Soviet leadership regards as Justifiable the use of Warsaw Pactro3erve Communist rule, and Kulikov stressed that the unity of the Warsaw Pact represents aguarantee" of socialism within its member countries.
articlG followeday the strongest and most authoritative statement of Sovietover the Polish situation sinceune liftPoUsh Central Committee. Speaking on soviet television Saturday, chief spokesman Zamyatin of the Soviet Central Committee repeated the criticismin that letter and claimed that the situation is not improving. He stated that- -he situation calls for "decisive action." fas/
Following the Soviet practice of recent days,
S^HS dIrected his criticism at the "extremist" winq Of Solidarity, and accused It of attempting to elect its own supporters to the partyimplicitto the party leaders to exercise greater control over the election of delegates, and perhaps nullify some of the early results. MM
Rural Solidarity Scored
While the Soviet letteruno made no mention of Rural Solidarity, Zamyatin referred to that organizationkulakideologically unacceptableommunistimplied that the Polishagreement to register it had been reached under duress and without party authorization- This statement raises new doubts regarding the extent to which Moscow is willing to accept tho changes already made in Poland.
Tho warnings of Kulikov and Zamyatin willbo repeated today at tho meeting of the SoviotCommittee, which may toko further action to press the Polish leaders. The latter may feel obliged toublic response precipitating open polemics with Moscow. Polish hardliners may fool emboldened to raise their voices, and even to make another attempt to unseat First Secretary Kania before the congress. MM)
The election of delegates for the party congress is scheduled to end this week, and most of those members of the Politburo and Secretariat who have been elected so far are moderates or liberals. Politburo member Grabski, however, who led the challenge agsinst Kania at the Central Committee meeting earlier this month, is one of the hardliners elected to tho Congress. Severalofman Politburo thus far have either opted not to seok election or have boon defeated, fooj
Preliminary conferences for tho party congress that have takon place since tho beginning of this month have supported the principle of "social renewal" and haveote of confidence to the more prominentof the Kania-Jaruzelskl team. There is not much information available aboutelegates thus far selected, but they are generally white-collar workers or members of the intelligentsia who have just won positions in the provincial party organizations. Aboutercent of the delegates are mombora of Solidarity who presumably will push for sweeping personnel and policy changes in the party.
Those delegates who want wholesale changes canecent poll to point out that th* party must change if it is to have any credibility with the The results of the poll, published last week, show that the people trust first the Catholic Church and then Solidarity but regard the party as the least trustworthy of seven organizations listed.Original document.