Created: 9/24/1981

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POLAND: Differences Over Martial^

mayiwing divergence beUteeii political leaders and some top military official! over the imposition of martial lav.

a Majority of the. Politburo oneptemberplan by Utejallitarj^authort^les__for the Institution1 ssmmmmmmmmmmmmmmam

apparent backing by the military for emergency measures;ossible hardening of attitudes among some senior officers.

Tough propaganda by the regime over'the lastrowing determination to stand fast. .Ifardening of attitudes evident among the military becomes widespread, it could erode party leader Kania's commitment to the searcholitical solution or even leooardize his political position.'

The government se*ms prepared, however, to allow the -second session of Solidarity's congress to take placecheduled. The final decision on martial law will probably be determinedombination of the congress resultsand the severity of Soviet pressure, which regains high.

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Soviets Maintain Pressure, Hint at Economic Sanctions

The latest letter from Soviet factory workers to their Polish counterpartsuggestion ofSoviet economic ssnctions. The message, etallurgical combine, pointedly juxtaposed indignation over the "wave of anti-sovietism" In Poland withto the quantity of metal products and technical. assistance sent by the plant to Poland each year. amaeaV

'Meanwhile, Soviet criticism of the Polish regime continues, despite efforts by Warsaw to appear responsive and gesturss by the regime and Solidarity to reduce Moscow apparently intends to continue voicing its displeasure, at least until satisfied thst moderates have regained control within the union and that the regime willesurgence by the militants. fanmB*

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Foreign Minister Gromyko apparently lectured Foreign Minister Ciyrek about Warsaw'seeting at the UN on Tuesday. Ha and Cxyrek expressed "mutual striving" to develop bilateral cooperation and strengthen

r:.i forc.ul.ituggests dll-agreement over how to achieve these goals. TASS,again charged Polish authorities with failing to rebuff 'counterrevolutionary" leaders of Solidarity and -with allow in* the continued publicationnti^Sovlet" esemmV

A Leningrad Varriiaafca>nwarned hishat events in Poland are now affecting what Moscow has consistently claimed to be vital strategic interests. He asserted that pro-Solidarity sentiment is affecting the ability of the Polish military to carry out its obllga-tions under the Warsaw Pact and charged that the US, by interfering in Poland on Solidarity's behalf, is seeking to weaken the Soviet-led alliance, faafel

Ccn&nent From Romania

Bucharest yesterday issued its harshest publicon Solidarity since last fall. Tha Romanians, who generally have refrained from open criticism of the Poles, condemned the union for launching "virulent attacks" against the "socialist system" and for seeking to sslse political power. The commentary, which appeared in the party newspaper, called on the Polish party to takem measures" and expressed some confidence in Its ability to do so. fames*

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he Hungarians have also stepped up the pressure campaign against Warsaw. Party leader Radar reportedly sentrivate letter to the Polish leadership urgingo use decisive action to keep Solidarity in check. eeVa>

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