1. INVOLVEMENT OF MVD IN THE USE OF FORCED LABOR. 2. TREATMENT OF POLITICAL PRI

Created: 9/15/1982

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

DIST: EPT 8?

central intelligence agency domestic collection division

of the

inistry of internal affairs iministfrstvo vnutrennykh del od Mvmuarded but only on rare occasions physically abused poutkal prisoners assigneo to soviet forced labor camps and/orPitr.ion projects in the ussr. political prisoners here at times TrSrSS! bea^es?arveo. and denied harm clothing for various

reasons including not working up to "standard" but generally suffered such fate atof The "common criminals" hhc serveo as middle men for the mvd. orders to physically abuse political prisoners. who here "always" assigned the most monotonous. menial. ano demanding WORK at construction sites. thus mqstlt originated *ith the mvo. rut were almost without exception carried out Br the "COMMON criminals" hhp CFRvrrt a* "overseers" ANOCDr.-PROJECT1

tO GUARDS WERE GENERALLY RESPECTEO AND FEARED BY POLITICAL PRISONERS IN FORCEO LABOR CAMPS.

AT ANY ONE CONSTRUCTION SITE. THE MVO HOULD POST MACHINE GUN CARRYING GUARDS IN TOWERS TO HATCH PRISONERS WORK.

THESE GUARDS APPARENTLT HAO THE AUTHORITY ANO OIO ShQOT

KILL ANY PRISONER HHO ATTEMPTED TO

ESCAPE OR EVEN THOSE WHO INADVERTENTLY WANOLRED BIYCNO THE BOUNDARIES ESTABLISHED BY THE MVD AS THE WORKING AREA FOR THAT PARTICULARVO GUARDS HOULO NOT. HOWEVER, PERSONALLY MISTREAT ANY PRISONER WORKING ON THE PROJECT, BE THATCOMMON" OR "POLITICAL" PRISONER. SUCH "DIRTY WORK" HAS RESERVED FOR THE CRIMINAL OvFRSEER. EVEN THOUGHCt'K WftS INDIRECTLT SANCTIONED BY THE MVD. COMMENT: CN ONE OCCASION AT THE GARELNlKI SITE OF FORCED LABORN THE Kl DISTRICT OF THE KIROVOUNG ANO INEXPERIENCED MVD OFFICER IN THE PRESENCE OF THO SENIOR MVO GUARDS,OLITICAL PRISONER VICIOUSLY IN IHE BACK. WITNESSED BY SEVERAL OTHER PRISONERS. THREE OF THE PRISONERS CHARGED THE MVD OFFICER ANO BRUTALLY BEAT HIM WHILE THE OTHER TWO MVO SENIOR GUARDS HATCHEO PASSIVELY WITH MACHINE GUNS IN HAND, IT HAS OBVIOUS THE SENIOR MVO OFFICERS HERE TEACHING THE MVD RECRUITA LESSON AS FAR AS TREATMENT OF PRISONERS WAS CONCERNED.I

COMMENT: MVO GUAROS POSTED ON TOWERS TO OBSERVE PRISONERS WERE CALLED "PARROTS" BY THE CRIMINALS BECAUSE THEY HOULO YELL AT EACH OTHEROWER-TO-TOWEREVERY FEW MINUTES TO MAKE SURE THEY ALL REMAINED AWAKE. ALTHOUGH THE MVO USED THEIR "MIDDLEMEN" TO ACCOMPLISH THEIR GOALS. THERE WERE OTHER WAYS TOHEIR POINTS. ON ONE OCCASION, MVO OFFICERS WERE AOVISEOEAM LEvJER THAT THE TEMPERATUREONSTRUCTION SITE HAS MINUSEGREES FAHRENHEIT 1FI. UNDER MVD GUIDELINES. PRISONERS COULO NOT BE FORCED TO WORK WHEN THE TEMPERATURE FELL BELOW MINUSEGREES F. ON THIS OCCASION, HOWEVER, MVO OFFICERS COMPLAINED THEY DID NOTHERMOMETER AND EVEN IF IT WERE MINUSEGREES F, IT WOULD "CERTAINLY HARM UP

DURING THE DAY."I

A. AS FOR PROCUREMENT OF PRISONERS FOR SOVIET JAILS OR LABOR CAMPS, THE MVD HAS INSTRUCTED BY THE GULAG TOESIGNATED NUMBERARTICULAR CONSTRUCTION SITE. ALL PRISONS AND LABOR CAMPS HAD "OUOTAS" AS TO THE MINIMUM NUMBER OF PRISONERS ON HAND; THE MVO HAS RESPONSIBLE FORST of NAMES AND NUMBERS of.

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