USE OF FORCED LABOR ON CENTRAL ASIAN GAS PIPELINE (DOI: 1976-1978)

Created: 8/26/1982

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

1 . FORCED LABOR CONSISTING OF PAROLED COMMON PRISONERS AS HELL AS SOME PRISONERS HHOSE ORIGINAL SENTENCESERIOD OF FORCED LABOR HERE USED IN THE CONSTRUCTION ANO REPAIR OF ALL GAS COMPRESSOR STATIONS ALONG THE CENTRAL ASIAN PIPELINE IN THE KAZAKH SSR ANO AT THE ALEKSANOROVKA COMPRESSOR STATION ALONG THE ORENBURG PIPELINE. itHHBB COMMENT ; THERE HERE RUMORS THAT POLITICAL PRISONERS ALSO HERE USED. BUT NONE EVER HAS OBSERVEO. IT IS DOUBTFUL THAT SUCH PRISONERS HERE USED AS SOVIET AUTHORITIES USUALLY ATTEMPTED TO SEGREGATE POLITICAL PRISONERS FROM THE REST OF THE POPULATION. NO FOREIGN FORCEO LABORERS EVER HEREHE NUMBER OF PRISONERS USEDONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR PROJECT VARIED. BUT COULD GO AS HIGH ASERCENT OF THE TOTAL WORK FORCE. DEPENDING ON THE PROJECT. IN SOME CASES HUERE HEAVY CONSTRUCTION WORK HAS INVOLVED. THE NUMBER OF PRISON LABORERS EXCEEDEDERCENT.

THE LIVING CONDITIONS FOR FORCED LABORERS AKO ORDINARY CONSTRUCTION WORKERS ALIKE HERE HARSH. THE PRIMARY DIFFERENCE IN LIVING CONDITIONS BE THE EN THE THO GROUPS HAS THE FACT THAT FORCED LABORERS NORMALLY LIVED IN FENCEO-IN COMPOUNOS SEPARATED FROM THE VILLAGES WHERE THE OROINARY CONSTRUCTION WORKERS LIVED. THE LABORERS WERE RESTRICTED TO THE COMPOUND DURING HON-WORKING MOLTRS. THE COMPOUNDS MAO BARRACKS OR TRAILERS HHICH HOUSEO THE HORKERS AS WELL AS SOME TYPE OF DINING FACILITY. THERE ALSOHOP HHERE ITEMS SUCH Ab CIGARETTES COULD BE PURCMASEO. THE GATE TO THE COMPOUNO HAS GUARDED BY MINISTRY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS (MVD1 MILITIA FORCES. THERE WERE NO SPECIAL GUAROBOXES AT THE GATE. HOWEVER. AT THE ENO OF EACH HORK DAY. THE LABORERS HAO TO SIGN IN HITH AN MVD REPRESENTATIVE AT THE COMPOUND. IN SOME CASES WHERE FORCEO LABORERS WERE NEEDEO ONLY FOR SHORT PERIODS OF TIME. THEY LIVEO IN TRAILERS IN THE SAME AREAS WHERE THE REGULARWORKERS LIVEO. HOWEVER. THE LABORERS HERE NOT PERMITTED TO WALK AROUND FREELT OUTSIDE OF REGULAR HORKING HO %S.

THE FORCED LABORERS HERE PAID FOR THEIR WORK HOWEVER. RENT AND MONEY TO PAY FOR THE MVD GUAROS WERE DEOUCTEO FROM THEAGES. THE AMOUNT of HAGES PAID TO FORCED LABORERS AND REGULAR CONSTRUCTION WORKERS IS UNKNOWN.) THE LABORERS WALKED UNESCORTED TO AND FROM THEIR JOB SITES AND WERE NOT GUARDEO DURING THE DAY. VERY FEW EVER TRIED TO ESCAPE. HOWEVER: THOSE

WHO DIO USUALLY WERE CAUGHT BECAUSE THEY HERE EASILY RECOGNIZED AS PRISON LABORERS. THE LABORERS HORKEO IN SEPARATE TEAMS WITH THEIR OWN HflRK PI AMI Tfl FIB.

Original document.

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