USE OF FORCED LABOR ON PIPELINE AND OTHER CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS

Created: 8/25/1982

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

HARNING: AUGC

tJIfoF FORCED LABOR ON PIPELINE AND OTHER CONSTRUCTION

NEAR SALEKHARO3RISON CAMP HAS OBSERVEO. THE

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tamp has distinguishable because of its remotf location ano fencedo be pa id shall amounts hf monet fqbjheir labor,

VISITING COMPRESSOR SITESASCONSTRUCTED FROM URENGOT TO YAHAL. FORCED LABORERSHORKING ON THE LAYING OF PIPE. THE LABORERS HERE HOUSEDIN THE TYUMEN ANO TABULSK AREAS WHICH HERE FENCEOBY GUARDS. THEY HERE BROUGHT TO THE CONSTRUCTION SITESCONVOYS DAILY ANO HERE GUARDED THROUGHOUT THE DAY BYSOME OF WHOM PATROLLEO IN JEEPS. THE LABORER? HEREON PIPE LAYING ANO HERE NOT INVOLVEO IN iHETHE COMPRESSOR STATIONS. IT HAS NOT KNOW: WHETHER THEPOLITICAL PRISONERS OR CRIMINALS NOR MAS IT KNOWN WETHERPAIO FOR THEIR

K NO DIREctTKKvTtION OF FORCED LABOR

GA5 PIPELINES HAS MAOE. HOWEVER. IT HAS WIDELY UNDERSTOOD THAT PRISONERS HERE EXTENSIVELY UTILIZED IN LABOR GANGS FOR SITE PREPARATION, IN THE CLEARING OF FORESTS ANO UNDERBRUSH, IN THE BUILDING OF ROAOS FOR ACCESS to PIPELINE CONSTRUCTION SITES ANO IN INITIAL PIPELINE TRENCHING AND LATER IN BACKFILLING. PRISONERS WERE ALSO USED IN CONSTRUCTION OF FOUNDATIONS FOR THE SUPPORT BUILDINGS AS WELL AS THE FOUNDATIONS FOR COMPRESSOR STATIONS. FORCED LABOR CREWS HERE KEPT SEPARATE FROM THE UCHASTOKS. SKILLEO PIPCLAYING DRIGADES CONSISTING OFORKERS. IN THE PLANNING AND DESIGN PHASES FOR CONSTRUCTION OF NEW PIPELINES. THE INCLUSION OF FORCED LABOR FOR PLANNING ANO COST ANALTSIS HAS NOT PERMITTEO. HOWEVER. SOVIET DESIGN ENGINEERS KNEW THAT IN ORDER TO MEET RELATIVELY SHORT CONSTRUCTION SCHEDULES MANOATEO FOR PIPELINES CARRYING GAS TO WESTERNORCED LABOR MOULD HAVE TO BE EXTENSIVELY USED BECAUSE OF THE SEVERE SHORTAGE OF UNSKILLED LABQRERS^^ARTICULARLY WEST OF THE URAL MOUNTAINS.

Original document.

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