1. SOVIET USE OF COMMON PRISONERS FOR PIPELINE AND PUMPING STATION CONSTRUTION

Created: 8/25/1982

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

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INTELLIGENCE AGENCY DOMESTIC COLLECTION DIVISION

THIS IS ANEVALUATEQ__JJ_XELLIGENCE REPORT CLASS

CO'JNTRY: US

SUBJECT: 1. SOVIETPRISONERS FOR PIPELINE ANDSTATION USE OF POLITICAL PRISONERS FOR LABORIOUSLODGING IN MOBILE HAGONS IDOI: 1

A-^rowd for Roi'csse

Date

REF: SOURCE

CONSTRUCT CRUOE OIL ANO NATURAL GAS PIPELINES ANO PUMPING ANOSTATIONS. NORMALLY, POLITICAL PRISONERS HERE NOT USED IN ANY TYPE OF CONSTRUCTION EXCEPT TO OO LABOR INTENSIVE TASKS IN ISOLATEO OR HARD TO REACH AREAS WHERE HEAVY EQUIPMENT COULO NOT BE USED. POLITICAL PRISONERS. HERE ALWAYS SEPARATEO FROM OTHER PRISONERS ANO REGULAR WORKERS DURING THE FEW TIMES THEY WORKED TOGETHER ON THE SAME CONSTRUCTION PROJECT TO ENSURE UNWANTED IDEALS WERE NOT PASSED ON TO OTHERS. PAROLED COMMON CRIMINALS FREQUENTLY WORKED ON THE PIPELINES ANO PUMPING STATIONS BECAUSE THEY HERE NOT WANTED BACK IN THE CITY WHERE THEY WERE ORIGINALLY SENTENCED, ANO BECAUSE WAGES WERE GOOO.

PRISONERS WERE USUALLY- SUPPLIEO BY THE JUDICIALFOR THE GEOGRAPHICAL AREA OF THE CONSTRUCTION. HERE PASSEO BY THE CONSTRUCTION ASSOCIATION TO THE-FOR FULFILLMENT. CONVICTEO PRISONERS SERVING SENTENCES UP TO

- FIVE YEARS WERE ASSIGNED TO THE CONSTRUCTION ASSOCIATION FOR THE DURATION OF-THEIR INCARCERATION WITH MANY CONTINUING ON FOLLOWING THEIR TERM. CONVICTED PRISONERS SERVING SENTENCES LONGER THAN FIVE YEARS WERE SENT BY THE COURT TO REGULAR PRISONS ANO LABOR CAMPS.

HERE PAID ABOUT ONE-THIRD THEUBLESPAIO TO NON-CONVICT WORKERS. OUT Of THIS PAY, EACHTO BUY FOOOOCAL CANTEEN ANO COOK IT IN HIS WAGONSOME CONSTRUCTION SITES MESS HALLS HERE PROVIOEO, AND THE COST

OF SUCH MEALS TOOK THE PRISONERS' ENTIRE MONTHLY PAY. PRISONERSE0 ALONG WITH REGULAR WORKERS IN WAGON LODGINGS NORMALLY ACCOMMODATING FOUR OCCUPANTS. THE WAGONS MEASUREO ABOUTETERS mi LONG BYIDEIGH. .THE WAGONS WERE GROUPEDlGETHER IN NO PARTICULAR OROERUARDEO HIRE FENCE NEARCONSTRUCTION SITE. WORKERS DEPARTED THE FENCED COMPOUNOS IN THE MORNINGS ANO RETURNED IN THE EVENING FOLLOWING WORK. PRISONERS WERE ALWAYS UNDER GUARO, BUT ACTUAL CHECKS BY THE SECURITY GUAROS HAS COMPLETEO ONLY TWICE WEEKLY.

PRISONERS ANO THEIR WAGON LODGINGSINE OR PUMPING STATION CONSTRUCTION HAS COMPLETED. WAGON COMPOUNOS ASSOCIATED WITH PUMPING AND COMPRESSOR STATIONS NORMALLY STAYEODURING THE ENTIRE COURSE OF THE CONSTRUCTION.

SOURCE WAS SPECIFICALLY ASKED, 8ASED ON HIS MANY YEARS-flF EXPERIENCE IN SUPERVISING PIPELINE ANO COMPRESSOR STATION CONSTRUCTION. IF POLITICAL PRISONERS WOULD BE USEO IN THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE SIBERIA TO WESTERN EUROPE NATURAL GAS PIPELINE. HE REITERATEO THAT POLITICAL PRISONERS MIGHT BE USED IN COLD OR MARSHY AREAS TO CLEAR TIMBER OR LEVEL EARTH, BUT THAT THEY WOULD NEVER BE IN DIRECT CONTACT WITH OTHER COMMON PRISONERS OR REGULAR WORKERS FOR FEAR OF SUBVERSION. HE SAIO POLITICAL PRISONERS WOULD

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