CHINESE COOPERATION VTBT VERIFICATION BACKGROUND

Created: 9/1/1997

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CHINESE COOPFJUTION ON CTBT VTRTFTCATTON BACKGROUND

(U) During the6 consultations with the Chinese, the US suggested that bilateral anus control consultations could be used to clarify Issues of concern with regard to CTBT verification. The Chinese agreed in principle to mch conrultadocs and expertshe US wouldrovide assurance to China in establishing some of the IMS ftaac-OJ la itsroposed bilateral agreement was presented to the Chinese on this subject during the fast round of talks, and the US Embassy in Beijing subsequently approached the Chinese. No response was received. To addition, i: might be useful to engage the Crunese on rcocitcring goals and capabilitiesore technical end scientiffe level.

(U) We have been working with the Chinese at technical working group meetings and il the CTBT PrepCora in Vienna. They have raised me subject of NTM there; however, wc believe we should not allow" the Chrnese to'seusrion of the definition of*NTM. Also during these meetings the Chinese have been particularly obstinate on the subject of operation of thebteriHiaiiona] Mou'tdring System (IMS) before Entry-tntc-Forcehey have consistently opposed funding operations andf nations installed before EIF. and they fought hard against performing any work on station upgrades before EIF.

Specifically, in7 the US ticraarcasU Liana lor insisting that !

upgrading seven primary seismic stations to arrays be delayed until Entry-Into-Forceven though therepCom's expert group had concluded that work on these stationsigh priority. China was probably concerned about the costs of operating and maintaining the IMS before EIF. The Chinese, and many others, believe EIF is years otX especially because of the poor prospects for India's signing. They worry that the establishment of the IMS could increase pressurentry-in lo-forcc without India, China may also be concerned about the potential for early monitoring on or near its territory (six of the seven seismic stations are in or near China2 in China, one inn Russia, and one inespite these concerns,xperts reached an understanding inegarding the funding and riming of

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