FOURTH IMPRESSIONS

Created: 8/3/1983

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

A conference on heroin interdictionhe first ever sponsored byas led to new contacts in the acadenic conmunity.

One National Estimate (on Colombia) has been publishedecond (on heroin interdiction) is resiy for coordination.

A Cuba working group composed of concerned analysts meets monthly to sift evidence on this elusive subject.

Congressional relations have been strengthened.

Direct contact has been established with three House and two Senate committees. In addition to formal testimony, moreozen members have received tailored briefings, and thereow regular contact with staffers of several committees. Although doubts about the Intelligence Community's narcotics effort continue to surface, the excellence of the Community's product Is now recognized on the Hill.

Requirements have been narrowed and sharpened.

Hold firm on positions and funds requestedhe CIAP.

What remains to be accomplished?

o FYB5. If cuts can be avoided during Congressional review of thebudget and 0K8 review of5 CIAP, then Congressional doubts about the scope of our program should diminish.

Appncnrto foh aniAsi

OflTL?

Expand Community information sharing.

DEA, as noted, is now regularly disseminating foreign intelligence to the entire Community. Custom has agreed toimilar program andurrently Implementing the resultsIA-sponsored survey. But this Is just the beginning. Once Customsnder way, the focus will shift to Coast Guard and the National Narcotics Border Interdiction Centers. Both these organizations have rich holdings and should disseminate to the entire Community.

Broaden the analytic base.

In

The DOI should carry through with plans to use Its new positions to

INR has justew position for narcotics analysisritten productwaited.

OIA remains the laggard, with little or no analytical capability. Their expansion into narcotics analysis should be encouraged.

If current training proposals are Implemented, the National Narcotics Border Interdiction Centers will also soon contribute an analytic product.

Sharpen strategic collection.

The DDO will receive new slots innd outyears. It is important that these slots actually be used for narcotics collection, rather than diverted to other uses, particularly In LA Division.

DEA and CIA have beenemorandum of Understanding for moreear; it is now at Justice for review. This process should be broughtonclusion so that remaining coordination difficulties In the field can be resolved.

DIA's Attache System has yet toontribution to strategic collection; they should get to work.

TERMS OF" REFERENCE International Narcotics Coordination and Collection Study

Background and Goals

A. Intelligence in Support of International Narcotics Control Policy

The production, trafficking, and abuse of drugslobal problem, the dimensions of which are staggering. Addiction rates throughout the world are rising, creating serious social problems. Unabated drug production and abuse has fed corruptionassive scale and compounded general problems of political instability. Links between drug trafficking and terrorism and other illicit activity are increasingly common. In economic teres, the billions of dollars generated In global narcotics production and trafficking cause major economic dislocationshe source countries, and at the same time threaten the economic well being and integrity of financial Institutions in user countries. Checking the production of narcotics and their flow into the United States presents one of the major foreign policy challenges to the US Government.

US International narcotics control policy Is broadly concerned with three interrelated issues: educing the supply of narcotics globally through the reduction of narcotics productionourcehe interdiction of drug trafficking, an issue which requires (a) the Identification of narcotics refining and trafficking organizations, (b) the targetting of enforcement resources against these activities, and (c) an appreciation of the political and financial circumstances in which trafficking occurs;

IIIASE MIL

he reduction of demand for narcotics, an issue primarily concerned with drug education andhile the latter Issue places few demands upon Intelligence producers, both supply reduction and interdictionremium on intelligence support. Intelligence iscritical to the Development of policy Initiatives and to the evaluation of ongoing program activity. At the operational (or tactical) level, intelligence Is essential to effective enforcement operations. |

study seeks to assess the adequacy of Intelligence supportinternational narcotics control efforts. The focuson the effectiveness of intelligence collectionthe two key policyreduction andare the two principal intelligence topics underlso designates country priority assignments. omprehensive review of the intelligenceall collection disciplines currently employed in the supportpolicies. Identify critical intelligence gaps andmanagement guidance or resource considerations which

might bridge these gaps or improve collection performance. The Added study will alsoeview of coordination and procedural issues Involved in narcotics collection, dissemination, and production at Headquarters as well ashe field. |

assessment will be done in two parts. Part One will summarize

Two will provide detailed country and regional profiles addressing the Intelligence reporting program both on supply reduction and on interdictory enforcement and financial flow issues. I

5. The outline attached astructure for assessing policy considerations, intelligence requirements and reporting programs which impact on these questions in each target country or region. I

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WORKING PAPER II. Supply Reduction*

A. Estimating Illicit Crop Production

What are the capabilities to collect against the following Issues:

factors involvedstimating narcoticssituation?

Expansion or relocation of narcotics production/cultivation activities?

describedhich affect Southeast Asia

Opium? Cannabis?

describedhich affect Southwest Asia andnarcotics production?

Opium?

Illicit production? Licit production?

Production of cannabis and/or hashish?

describedhich affect narcotics production inHemisphere?

Opium?

Coca?

Cannabis?

*The following source countries will come under reviewhe section on Supply Reduction: Southeast Asia: Burma, Thailand, Laos; Southwest Asia and the Hiddle East: Pakistan, Afghanistan, Turkey, Iran, Lebanon, SyHa; western Hemisphere: Mexico, Colombia, Bolivia, Peru, Jamaica, Ecuador, Brazil, Belize

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Community's problems involvedstimating "exportableapabilities for collection on the factors affecting crop productioneather) and on the levels of narcotics consumption in the source countries?

Issues describedhich affect the production ofethaqualone?

B. Government Capabilities and Intentions

What are capabilities to collect against the following:

Source country government's ability to control narcotics production?

Source country official's attitudes toward control programs?

to effective narcotics control in source Interdiction and Enforcement"

What are the capabilities to collect against the following:

A. Narcotics trafficking organizations

1. Structure of narcotics production and trafficking and identification of criminal organizations involved?

2. Modus Operandi of trafficking organizations?

"Countries which have been assigned priority attention underIllicit Drug Production and Trafficking)Drug Control Activities) will be reviewed under this section.

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Location of refining activities?

Precursor chemical supply?

Patterns

Narcotics trafficking routes

Methods used for narcotics shipment

Major transshipment points

Financial Flows

Legal procedures used to transfer large amounts of narcotics-related monies from the US to tax-haven countries

Factors that make resource-deficient countries potential taxccessibility, communications, foreign exchange freedom, government stability, bank disclosure regulations

Methods employed by electronic fund transfer systems or wire transfer networks? Methods used to transfer largemounts through commercial banking systems? Methods used to purchase and hold foreign exchange In narcotics-producing countries

Enforcement Capabilities

Identification of enforcement organizations

Obstacles to effectiveolitical or resource constraints

High-level government corruption

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E. Political and Economic Implications of Narcotics

Impact of narcotics production and trafficking on the political stability of source and transshipment countries?

Connections between the narcotics industry and international terrorist movements, insurgency and arms trafficking?

Impact of the narcotics industry on source countries national economies or those of transshipment countries?

IV. Coordination of Narcotics Intelligence: Collection, Dissemination and Production

A. Review of coordination procedures and problem areas involving the following:

1. Collection

Coordination

level coordination

fullest dissemination of narcotics intelligence information

o

D

of finished narcotics intelligence

re

a. Interagency activities

b. Agency production

in support of enforcement operations

B. Recommendations

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V. Resources and Personnel Considerations

ore effective use of present resources

that require an increaseommunityor supplemental funding action.

1. Impact such adjustments will have on the Intelligence Community's ability to respond to other priority intelligence needs.

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APPENOIX I

Country/Region Outline

N

POLICYstatement of policy interests and operational considerations

Intelligence Requirements

riorities

statement of reportingareneeds for both strategic and operational considerations?

3. Evaluation of Reporting Programs

NOTE: This section shouldiscussion of capability, and the contributionakes relevant to other reporting.

Intelligence Problems: Identification of gaps, other Intelligence processing Issues, Including coordination, dissemination, analysis, lega questions.

Conclusions

Recommendations: Action to be taken by specific agency.

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APPENDIX II

PRODUCTION SCHEDULE FOR CIPC NARCOTICS WORKING GROUP STUDY ONNARCOTICS COWDINATION AND COLLECTION"

PHASE I: Organization of the CIPC Narcotics Working Group

arch

of Narcotics Working Group

of NWG Chairman

the Agenda7 April

Narcotics Working Group Responsibilities

of draft Teres of Reference (TOR) forCollection Study

of subcommittees

reviewpril

modify/approve TOR8 April

PHASE II: Drafting the Coordination and Collection Study*

1Supply Reduction Assessment

Report on Estimating Crop Productionune)

Report on Government Capabilities (dueune)

2nterdiction and Interim Report on Trafficking Organizations/Patterns (due

1 July)

Report on Enforcement Capabilities (dueuly)

Report on Financial Flow Collection (dueuly)

3. Recommendations affecting on-oping and/or new budgetary

Initiatives will be passed to the CIPC onbasis in order to meet ICudget projections scheduled for mid-June.

*The Interim Reports will provide detailed country and regional profiles addressing the Intelligence reporting program both on supply reduction and on interdictory enforcement and financial flow issues.

FOR RELEASE DATE?

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PAPER

PHASE III: Final Report**

Preparation of consolidated study draft (due 1

Formal coordination of study by NVS principals fooaugust)

Presentation of study and recommendations to CIPC fooaugust)

ClPC-endorsed recommendations which affect theudget will be summed to IC Program and Budget Staff no laterugust

**The Final Report will summarize Intelligence capabilities, information

gaps, information needs and problem areas in the intelligenceollection coordination, dissemination, analysis and recommendations.

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