USSR: CORRECTIVE LABOR POLICY CRITICITZED

Created: 5/9/1983

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FORE,GN BROADCA INFORMATION SERV

Press Note

USSR: CJWRECTrVE LABOR POLICY OUllUiB)

Surnnary: ecent book revieware elinpse into Soviet policy on the corrective labor system, highlighting problems and suggesting changes both in the law and in the structure of the corrective labor camps.

A book by S. I. Deraentycv Incarceration: Criminal Lav and Corrective Labor is abstracted in the5 issue oi the official Soviet journal for works on state and law. According to the reviewer--and all thebelow are taken from the review--Dementycv criticizes the Soviet legal jnd corrective labor process on the following points:

Punishmentegitijnatc aim of corrective labor camps. Dementyevcrurjnologists and legaltheorists'" who reject punishmenteeitiaste aia of corrective labor. "Punishwent is the essence of correctivend cepends not only on the length of the sentence but also on the type of corrective labor institution, as well as on other factors: the location of the corrective labor institution, cluaatic conditions, the presence of the prisoner's relatives The .Author rejects re-education, arguing that punishment in and of itself is corrective."

Increasing the punitive aspects of incarceration and tying rehabilitation to labor perforatnee.Demenryevtrengthening oT""tKe punitive side or incarceration in strict reguw campshere especially dangerous recidivists serve out their sentences, by means of lengthening the working day and decreasing the rate of pay for the prisoner's Deoentyev alsooughening of the system of fineseduction in the variety of personal items allowed into the labor carps. He proposes that the criteria forrisoner's rehabilitation be tjed to the consistent performance of hard, useful labor.

Changing legal definitions. Oementyev urges the adoption of sore precise legal detmitions ot 'aggravating circumstances" and "petty dmeaner" in Articleff the Criminal Code andoughening of the lavs concerningbodily ham, premeditated murder, the theft of personal property. hooliganism and certain other cruses."

Classifying cases bv location andtrict regime cam for woaen.. "in addition, the autnor calls for the distribution of corrective

Thia nose, by Sharon 5zmarr of FBIS FrotLoflon iroup, oontcina information from tha Soviat proee.

C$m> Violence. In recounting the biographies of several inmates and administrators, Shirobokov records instances of internal camp violence. The librarian Koroleva, tor example, "had her head split open by 'the local children' (inmates). Itiracle she remained alive." Vandalism was comon "before the arrival of the new administrator." At least two of the inmates resorted to self-mutilation to avoid labor. The inmate Shergln "askeda:or blade from the authorities and while at class cut his wrist. They stopped the blood at the infirmary and punished him." Another juvenile, identified only aspoon to avoid work. Though Shirobokov is careful to speak of these incidents as long past or theof an as yet unreformed inmate, he nevertheless leaves the reader feeling that the Irkutsk camp is an exceedingly violent place.

Juvenile Crime. Through the biographies of several youngsters, Shirobokovtriking picture of juvenile crime in the USSR. Shergin, for example,emberotorcycle and auto theft ring in Magadan; he eventually became partouth gang in Komsomolsk-na-Amur which was responsible for numerous "beatings and robberies"ocal park. Another inmate is described simply asost are sentenced for "robbery, violence, theft, and malicious hooliganism." Shirobokov characterizes these youngsters as "sick, note notesarge portion o: those incarcerated in Irkutsk must be treated for alcoholism. ajority of the inmates sentenced to three years or longer wore raisedother alone, orother and step-father. Often the parents of these children are themselves criminals or "parasites." Carp administrators and educators note with alarm the growing number of deliquents from "families that are extremely well off." One teacher complains that the feeling of "collective responsibility" once found in large families "has now been lost."

ranslation of Shirobokov's articles will appearuture issue of tha JPRS USSR Report: Political and Sociological Affairs.1

labor camns along clearly defined territorial lines, for example, strict regime camps should be located in far-off forested- locations." This change would insure that prisoners sentenced to strict regime campsthe added hardship of an isolated locationifficult Dmenetyev also recommends the establishmenttrict regime camp for women.

The review was attributed to. Maropilova and published in the Soviet journal OBSHCHESTVENNYYESSR, SERIYA IV,RAVTJ. ranslation will behe JPRS USSR Report: Political and Sociological Affairs.

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