1. USE OF FORCED LABOR IN BAM RAILROAD AND SAKHALIN ISLAND 2. ORGANIZATON, A

Created: 9/9/1983

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DOMESTIC COLLECTION DIVISION Foreign Intelligence Information Report

WARNING NOTICE- INTELLIGENCE SOURCES AND METHODS

u IdISSEMINATION AND UST OF THIS INFORMATION SUBJECTC INNING AND END OF1 OF J PACES

SUBJECT:

Dee ofabor on BAM Railroad and Sakhalin laland

Organisation, Activltiea and Apparent Lack of Active Civil Defeaee Progran at RSPSA Klnlatry 0fCooatrucclon Mat*riala Induatry

TRXTt 1. BSPSa Klnlatry Of th. Coo*truetion rtourtala^lnouaer^ who travailed extensively io tha eaataro MtUti of tba CSSRare awara of heavy utilisation of forced labor oa tha Baikal-Aeur Mainline (BAH)project and oa several constructionnterprlaee oa Sakhalin laland. Although specific atetletlcnl Information waa not aade available tolnletry patentata who vieItad the RAM construction project araaa ware awara that the percentage of forced labor to regular labor waa extremely high oa that project. There ware aboutoaatractloa material* acterprleee oo Sakhalin Ulead that vara aubordineta to. the Ufa* Klnlatry of the Conatructlon Material* Induatry, each employing aa avenge of aboutworkers. Approalaataly BO percent of theae workera ware forced laborer* serving eeritencae for violant crlaaa ex white colter crlaaa auch aa easesalaaant.

Klnlatry patent apecUllata and other official travellers were awara that forced laboroeaaon phenomenon ln the USSR, particularly ln the eastern aac-tlon* of the country. While forced labor waa rare or noo-exlateot la tha amatoia pert of the OBBR.lt, became nor* and more prevalent a* on* travelled aeat.aatally. labor-lntenaiva activltiea auch ee mining end production of construction aaterlala drew tha hlgheet percenUga of forced leborera. The Soviat medio neecrlhed work

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