PERU: ARMED FORCES CHIEF DISMISSED

Created: 9/18/1985

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PERU: Armed Force* Chief Dismissed

President Garcia'* dismissal on Sunday of Genera! Cesar Enrico, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, ur.der&coe* his determinancy fo curb human rights abuses by the militaryfl^HHteal the firing follow* presa reports alleging that security force* recenuyarge number of villager* In lhe south-central Province of Aym-.jcho, The day before removing Enrico, Garcia appeared publicty with his new peace commission members.function* Include investigation ofights

[Gercle probably felt compelled to take bold action to back up past pledges lhat he would not tolerate ccunterlnaurgency excossea. He ha* sought toilitary backlash by praising lhe armed forces as an institution. By placing ultimate blame on Enrico, an Air Force general, he la trying to avoid offending key Army commanders, who have primary responsibility for fighting rural Insurgency. Nevertheless. Enrico'* removal, coupled vrtth the dismissal of many high-level police officials for corrvDtlon. vrtfj. aggravate resentment In the security force*.]

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1. PERU: ARMED FORCES CHIEF DISMISSED

PROBABLY FELT COMPELLED TO TAKE BOLD ACTION THAT HE WOULD NOT TOLERATE COUNTER INSURGENCY TOILITARY BACKLASHRAISING THE

TOXCESSES.

//PRESIDENT GARCIA'S DISMISSAL ON SUNOAY OF GENERAL CESAR tNRICO. CHAIRMAN OF THE JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF. UNDERSCORES II] OETERMINATI ON TO CURB HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSESHEIRING FOLLOWS PRESS REPORTS ALLEGING THAT SECURITY 'ORCES RECENTLYARGE NUMBER OF VILLAGERS IN THE SOUTH-CENTRAL PROVINCE OF AjTACUCHO. THE DAY BEFORE REMOVING ENRICO, GARCIA APPEARED PUBLICLY WITH HIS NEW PEACE COMMISSION MEMBERS. WHOSE rUNCTIONS INCLUDE INVESTIGATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS

/GARCIA PLEDGES HAS SOUGHT

ME

SpCPfET

EP 85

PERU: Array Implicated io Hainan Rights Killings

The Army's suspected involvement in the recent deaths of five human nghts and legal workers may eventually strain its relations with the Fujimon administrationVHbBHLealaBWour of the killings occurred last monthilitary-enforced curfew southeast of Lima. Troops ihcrc^Jj^rajflrjAalso have threatened colleagueuman rights worker missing since JuneJ

ruvian human ngnts groupnresolved "disappearances"elieves the Army is responsible for many of

occurred during the government

uon. when senior commanders probably believed they could aa with particular impunity. Fujimori so far has been conciliatory toward the Army so as to cUscourage coup plotting, but bis stated commitment to improving Peru's human rights record and prosecutini past abusers may bring the two sides into conflict-]

Peru: Antitetrorist

nuack* in rocem rnomru^ groups thaimembers of the trcurny forces appeardefy Lima's efforts to improve is humanInearly Osooer,knowne ihc mouthpiece of pro-CubanRevoiuoonary Movement insurjenu wasby unknown aaaajltnlater, ihc police defusedoc-oces rile tiers addressed tomd human righu advocatene ofvns cent/or

me intended victims were causes or tcrrortti groups.

Because tl the targets of these auacks were involvednvestigating alleged corruption of former President Garcia, tome prominent nnnini have blamed Ox Rodrigo Francoigilante group thai had close ues to the police during the Garcia admintstnbon. Scvcral factors, however, potfu to potable involvement by active-duty security penoonct

A growing body of evidence alio implicate! security force personnel in (he No-ember massacre ofersonsarty in the Luna Hum of Barriosworg such attack inecent yean. I

oreover.

the attack took plate near several policencludinf one on the amp Nock, all of which failed lo

Foocdraggmg on official investigations into the attack has intensified suspicions that the tecunty service* are lulpable. The police apparently ooftneated key elements of the'

J Finally, ihe

Attorney General'i oil ice recemiy injufcned iu casepecially trained terrorist prosecutoress qualified common crimei prosecutor, increasing the likei-hood that the case will lanjtnua in Peru's tnefflcient judiciai iywT^ |^

The timing and circumaancc* of the attacks suggestwere intended in part to mock recemio improve Peru's poor human rie>ishas recently begun human rights trainingforces and given watchdog coupsa dci^nuon

TftcBarnoiAhw massacre occurredsgovernment, in an unprecedentedrmy Itcuicnant and five of hisI- "wden allegedly eommitied duringAs severa*advocates have noted, the use of vehicles offic

_ mat the auackers meantmbarraii Fujimori and demonstrate to watchdogontinue operating with imewtity.

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