MIDDLE EAST/ AFRICA BRIEF (DELETED) FOR 12 AUGUST 1985.

Created: 8/12/1985

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

IDDLE EAST/AFRICA

FROM: PAS. CONTENTS

FOR UGUST

>3

STRIA-LEBANON: i N1HOU1 PROGRESS

3.

3. IN BRIEFS

1. SYRIA-LEBANON: MOVEMENT WITHOUT PROGRESS

//SYRIA'S TWO-TRACK POLITICAL INITIATIVE INE0

SEpRET

Approv

b3

UG 65

THE NEW NATIONAL UNION FRONT ANO SETTING THE STAGE FORCHRISTIAN-MUSLIMPPEARS TOCTION FORAND IS LIKELY TO LANGUISH WHILE LEADERS IN DAMASCUS PLAN

LEBANON.//

NEXT MOVESASIR ARAFAT'S PALESTINIAN SUPPORTERS

cERTAIN FUTURE, LARGELY BECAUSE TOP-RANKING CHRISTIAN* ANO SUNNI POLITICIANS REFUSE TO PARTICIPATE. THE FRONT'S PROGRAM, ANNOUNCED ON WEONESDAY. PARALLELS PREVIOUS PROPOSALS FOrt REFORMING THE LEBANESE POLITICAL SYSTEMONSECTARIANOSITION CONSISTENTLY REJECTED BY CHRISTIANS. THE TENSIONS BETWEEN SUNNI NONPARTICI PANTS AND ORUZE AND SHIA SUPPORTERS OF THE FRONT WERE DEMONSTRATEDOCKET-PROPELLED GRENADE ATTACK ON THE HONE OF SUNNI ELDER STATESMAN SAlB SALAM FOLLOWING HIS SON'S DENUNCIATION (II THE ffiONI'S PROGRAM.// (fgf^H

//SYRIA'S EFFORTS TO COAX LEBANESE FACTIONS TOWARD POLITICAL REFORM CONTINUE TO BE BLOCKED BY THE REFUSAL OF THE POWFRFUL LEBANESE FORCES MILITIA TO ENTERTAIN SERIOUS REFORM AND BY THE LACK OP MEANINGFUL CHRISTIAN SUPPORT TO ISOLATE THE MfLITIA. FOHVEH PRESIDENT FRANJIYAH, SYRIA'S ERSTWHILE CHRISTIAN ALLY, HAS REBUFFED REQUESTS FROM OAMASCUS THAT HE CAST HIS LOT WITH THE FRONT. PRESIDENT GEMAYEL. WHO WAS IN DAMASCUS THURSDAYISIT TO DISPEL RUMORS THAT SYRIA PLANS TO DUMP HIM. ENJOYS ONLY MINIMAL SUPPORT AMONG CHW1STIANS.//

//LEBANON'S FACTIONAL LEADERS APPEAR CONFUSED BY THE SEEMING INCONSISTENCY OF THE LATEST DIPLOMATIC MOVES. THEY NOTE THAT EFFORTS TO UNIFY OPPOSITION RANKS WORK AT CROSS PURPOSES WITH SYRIA'S DESIRE TO GET CHRISTIANS AND MUSLIMS TO TALK TO EACH OTHER. SYRIA'S INABILITY TO FOCUS ON THE PROBLEM PROBABLY REFLECTS PREOCCUPATION IN DAMASCUS WITH COUNTERING PRO-ARAFAT PLO ACTIVITIES IN LEBANON. FROM SYRIA'S PERSPECTIVE, BRINGING ARAFAT'S SUPPORTERS TO HEEL IS AN ESSENTIAL STEP IN PROTECTING SYRIAN EQUITIES IN LEBANON ANDBSTRUCTING PROGRESSLO-JOROAN PEACE INITIATIVE.//

secret

;t, IN

Hi DOLE EAST

'DEPUTY FORE ION MINISTER SHEIKHOLESLAM FLEW TO

KHARTOUM YESTERDAY . . , FIRST IRANIAN OFFICIAL TOO SUDANOF NIMEIRI . VISIT LIKELY TO RESULT IN RESUMPTION OF

Original document.

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