DIRECTORATE OF INTELLIGENCE6 Libya: Economic Sanctions Impact on the Civil Air Fleet
US economic sanctions against Libya have had some impact on the operation of Tripoli's civil air fleet. Although, the financial cost of the US embargo to Libya is not known, the sanctions have reduced Libya's access to new aircraft and limited purchase of required spare parts and maintenance. The sanctions also have forced Oadhafi toorld-wide search for small amounts of essential replacement parts andcheckered results.
The US embargo of Libya in2 limits Libya's access to spare parts for its fleet of, andircraft. The embargo prohibits Libyan purchase of new US aircraft, or of foreign aircraft with substantial US content. The sanctions halted the delivery of fiveransport aircraft from the US anduropean-made Airbus aircraft with substantial US content. The embargo also stopped the direct sale to Libya of essential aircraft maintenanceengines and electronics.
Successful Purchases of Aircraft
Nevertheless, Libya has nanaged to acquire three new Netherlands-made aircraft, tworansports, and
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several used US-manufactured jets. Tripoli also has oeen ablefor regular maintenance of itss in Franceleast occasional maintenance elsewhere for other
plomatic pressure on both France and
Libyans4 contracted for eight Dutch8 passenger aircraft. The contract was cancelled after intensive US consultations with Fokker and the Netherlands government. Three aircraft had been delivered. The US contents less thanercent.
permission for Libya, Tripoli has leased US-jmade aircraft from at least two countries. Leasing allows Libya ito augment its civil fleet and to free Libyan-owned aircraft from commercial tasks for more sensitive work.
ibya has been oeingrom west Coast Airlines of Ghana. West Coast Airlines was incorporated0harter company and acquireds from Luxembourg firms. We believe that Libya or Libyan nationals may have financial interests in this Airline.
Ai rcraft Ma intenance
2 embargo has severely hinderedhat
more than half ofoperational. We believe only about six of Libya'soeings are in good repair. Tens used by Libyan Arab Airlines for regular commercial service to Europe, however, continue to be maintained in France and Belgium, ands have been repaired in Turkey and Yugoslavia.
According to pressibyan aircraft was repaired_ inn Turkish Airlines.
argo Istanbul by THY
were undergoing repair at Surcin Airfield, near
Belgrade, Yugoslavia in Maythis time
others picked upsmall arms and
! ammunition at Surcin andan unknown
Financial Cost of Sanctions to Tripoli
cost of the US embargo to Libya is not they do not have access to newnd service when needed, the Libyans must used aircraft for every one actually made addition, Libya has actively searched for of parts world-wide with modest results. J--Oadhafi has ar sweeteners, such as offers to buy other arms, ng evasion of the US embargo. These tacticsOriginal document.