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SECRET NOFOflN flOCONTRACT OftCOM
."yongyang's Nuclear Efforts
Interest In for additional sources of en
nuclear power stems from Its need ill asdesire.to. increase
Yongbyon Nuclear Research Center, the hoae of the north's reseerei>_efforts, -asviet assistance
jntti tne eariym Center consisted of an operations areaega.att (MM) research reactor under IAEA safeguardsarge support area. Since en eipanslon program beganNU reactor end support buildings keve been added. The reactor, ahlch Is graphite Moderated,completed
-In our opinion, the Rev reactor couldraining facility to support P'yongyang's nuclear efforts or It could be used to augment an existing,Isotope-production capability. Generation of electric po-ernother possibility^
ingnest reactor TiclUty, ve Believe that P'yongyeng probably hes developed portions of the front end of the nuclear fuel cyele--uren1tnt mining, Billing, conversion, and fi 1provide fuel for the reactor.
tn* north's need forelp to advance itsappears to underlie its accession to the hpt. inmoscow was instrumental In inducing. p'yongyana totes. the soviets have been involvedkorea's nuclear power program since at to providing technical assistance, moscow has suppliedresearch reactor aad assisted in the construction ofnuclear research center. host recently thein response to pyongyang's accession to thoto build at least one power plant that could boas many asm reactors. neither iiae haibut the soviet
nuclear power plant will be built before
notwithstanding the soviets' influence, the north's reluctance to publicly acknowledge the existence of its new reactor and bring it promptly under the npt's safeguard provisionstter of concern. in accordance with the npt, the north should enterafeguards agreement wit* the international atomic energy agency (iaea) withinonths of accession. including aesontlna te on-site inspection of its declared nuclear facilities.
la our judgment. p'roneyem could be waiting forto announce the reactor's existenceaygain auilava propaganda value. p'ycfigyano's declarationindigenous nuclear reactor would give the northto project itselfation with further,north can point to its domesticas proof if mi national salf-rellance and stillfrom the jovl.ti. ole