DIRECTORATE OE IrfTELLIQEMCE
CENTRAL AMERICAN PEACE PLAN WEEKLYpril*
weekly Situation Report la
juiaiyaiar. Tnia paper waa coordinated with the
Directorate of Operations. Commenta and
welcome and amy be directed to |
CENTRAL AMERICAN PEACE PLAN WEEKLYpril8
Perspective) Honduras Moving Toward Accomodation with Nicaragua
Tha trace in Nicaragua Increases pressure on Honduras to end ita role in aiding tha anti-Sandlniata insurgents and to prepare for an eventual accoatmodatlon with Managua. Honduras la uneaay over the growing numbers of Nicaraguan rebels In the Las Vegas salient and Is pressuring them to return to Nicaragua. Tegucigalpa fears that the rebels' presence will attract unwelcome international attention and provoke domestic protests. Honduran officials, who have arguedilateral deal with Managua, probably view the ceaae-fire agreement es an opportunity to end support for the antl-Sandinistaa.
The Hondurans are likely to ectlvelyripartite border commisaion with El Salvador and Nicaragua at this waek'e meeting of the Central American Foreign Mlnistere and may open talksilateral treaty with the Sandinistas. Tegucigalpa viewa its border proposalast ditch measure to cope with an expected Influx of Nicaraguan refugees and angry rebels in the wake of the cease-fire accord. Honduras eleo probably calculates that the international commission will reduce the chance of Honduraa becoming embroiledorder clash with Nicaragua. However, Honduraa la holding fast to its demand that the Sandlnlataa must withdraw their World Court caee against Tegucigalpa before finalising an agreement. Moreover, the Hondurans remain skeptical of the Sandlniataa' desire to comply with the terms of the ceaae-fire agreement and are likely to proceed cautloualy inilateral deal. Nonetheless, Tegucigalpa eventually may decideommissionreaty with Managua will be neceassry to secure their borders and obtain Nicaragua's commitment to end its support for subversive groups in Rondures.
Developments This Week
everal Nicsraqmn Journal! eta plan to request government
permleeion early this month toew
independent radio newscast
icaraguan opposition leader has been harassed bysince he organized twoearlier this year that draw over Ka has been
repeatedly questioned and threatened, and workers ontwo youths below dreft eparatemerchants wsrs arrested and
confiscated In mid-March, allegedly for sellingicense. Both were active members in an ant1-Sandlniata private sector organization.
echnicel-level negotlstlons between Nicaragua endrebels onarch ended withagreement for five cease-fireto press. Rebel
Instructed to "agree to nothing" in the
Cirat round. Talks resumedpril to negotiatezonee and rebel resupply. Meanwhile,postponed directorate-level talks in Managuatopril, citing Sandinlsta noncompliance withagreement end the need to asttls onaccording to press. Tha
rebels' strategy ia to prolong tha Managua round and balk at anything definitive until the Sandinistas meet their own commltoente. ' I
At the urging of the Guatemalan rebels.snd an independent academic group.has agreed to lat the Nationalhold talka with the guerrilla leeders innext weak, but continues to Insist that rebelsdown their arms and accept amnesty beforenegotiations take '
Despite opposition froa tne military ror such
talks and th* lack of strong domestic pressure for dialogue, Cerezo probably hopes that approval of the low-level meeting will bolater hi* moderate image aa
Guatemala prepares to host the International Parliamentary Union meeting next week.
National Roconclliatlon Commlaalon
Representatives from Nlcaracruan antiregime laborbe Included in the four-party delegations toThe
parties will insist tne government aiscuba worxers' grievances and say they will withdraw from the dialogue if the response is unsatisfactory. I |
A staff member of the OAS Human Rights Commission
travelled to Nicaraguato discuss guidelines
for the amnesty of ex-nationalstaff member was to meet only with
governmentofficials, but the full commission may visit later and meet with nongovernment figures.
Salvadoran rebels in Nicaragua enhanced securitya Salvadoran demarche to Mansguafacilities In
Costa Rlcan Preaident Arias told the press onarch that hla recent letter to Soviet President Gorbacheversonal reply. He added that heroup of Costa Rlcan leglalators visiting Moscow this month would bring bsck an answer. I I
Costa Rlcan Foreigntold
Nicaragua retracted tta request for temporaryHonduras at tha International Court ofenerally reliable
In late March Maniijun off'ernd to
tnarav its suit if Tegucigalpa would immediately remove the US troops sent earlier in the month,ultilateral peacekeeping force on the border, andreaty of peace and friendahip with Nicaragua-
Mozamblcan Preaident Chlaeano visited Nicaraguapril, according to preea. | |
nopal the US will take reaponaibillty for anicaraguan resistance combatanta and their familial who are expected to seek asylum In Coats Rica.Original document.