MIDDLE EAST BRIEF FOR 18 AUGUST 1988PAKISTAN: SITUATION REPORTCRASH KILLS P

Created: 8/18/1988

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

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CONTENTS

1. PAKISTAN; SITUATION RBPORT

PAKISTAN: SITUATION REPORT

CRASH KILLS PAKISTANI PRESIDENT. US AMBASSADOR

PRESIDENT ZIA-UL-HAQ AND US AMBASSADOR ARNOLD RAPHEL WERE KILLED YESTERDAY WHEN THERANSPORT THEY WERE OH EXPLODED IN THE AIR SHORTLY AFTER TAKEOFF FROM BAHAWALPUR. ILOMETERS 0 MILES) SOUTHWEST OF ISLAMABAD.OREIGN MINISTRY SPOKESMAN SAID EOPLE WERE KILLED IN THE CRASH, INCLUDING TWO OF PAKISTAN'S TOP MILITARY LEADERS- -AKHTAR ABDUL REHMAN KHAN, CHAIRMAN OF THE JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF COMMITTEE, AND LT. GEN. MOHAMMAD

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AFZAAL. CHIEF OF GENERAL STAFF. PRESIDENT ZIA WAS RETURNING FROMEMONSTRATION OF1 TANKS. PRESS REPORTS ATTRIBUTE THE CRASH TO SABOTAGE, AND THE PAKISTANI GOVERNMENT HASORMAL INVESTIGATION

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THE PAKISTANIS PROBABLYIST OP SUSPECTS, INCLUDING THE INDIANS, THE AFGHANS, AND DOMESTIC SHIA GROUPS.

THE SUCCESS ION

ISHAQ KHAN, CHAIRMAN OF THE SENATE, HAS BEEN NAMED ACTING PRESIDENT IN ACCORDANCE WITH PAKISTAN'S CONSTITUTION THE GOVERNMENT HASTATE OF EMERGENCY AND APPEALED FOR CALM. THE CONSTITUTION REQUIRES BOTH HOUSES OP PARLIAMENT TORESIDENT WITHINAYS OP NATIONAL ASSEMBLY ELECTIONS ELECTIONS HAD BEEN SCHEDULED FOR OVEMBER, AND ISHAQ KHAN SAIDPEECH LAST NIGHT THAT THEY MILL BE HELD AS SCHKDULED.

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]ISHAQ KHAN HAS FORMED AN EMERGENCY

COUNCIL OF SBMIOR MINISTERS AND GENERALS TO ADVISE HIM ON GOVERNING

THE COUNTRY.SHAQ KHAN APPOINTED LT. GEN

ASLAM BEG TO IiFOV ARMY STAFF.

COMMENT: NO TIME LIMIT HAS BEEN SET FOR THE STATE OF FJMSPOBSX-f. DESPITE ISHAQ KHAN'S ASSURANCES, THE ELECTIONS MIGHT WELL BE POSTPONED TO ALLOW THE GOVERNMENT TIMR TO REGROUP.

DOMESTIC REACTION

tESS REPORTINO INDICATES THAT PAKISTANIS ARB STUNNED. MAJOR CITIES ARE QUIET, BUTORTS SAY ARMY TROOPS ARE PATROLLING THE STREETS OF KARACHI. A PERENNIAL CENTER OF UNREST. BENAZIR BHUTTO. THE OPPOSITION'S CHIEF LEADER. TOLD REPORTERS THAT THE OPPOSITION WILL DO WHAT IT CAN TO MAINTAIN PAKISTAN'S STABILITY AND UPHOLD THE CONSTITUTION.

:iR AND OTHER POLITICIANS UNDERSTAND THAT THEY HAVE NO HOPE OP GAINING POWER IF ELECTIONS ARE PUT OFF INDEFINITELY.

R" E

THEY WILL NOT WANT TO GIVK THE MILITARY ANY PRETEXT FOR STEPPING IS. IF STABILITY IS THREATENED, HOWEVER, THE MILITARY WILL CERTAINLY DECLARE MARTIAL LAW.

ZIA'S POLICIES TO CONTINUE

llSHAQ KHAN SAID PAKISTAN WILL

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CONTINUE TO FOLLOW ZIA'S POLICIBS. HE ADDED THAT ALL TREATIES AND AGREEMENTS WOULD BE ADHERED TO.

SION, BUT ITS

|THE LOSS OP ZIA AND JCS CHAIRMAN AKHTAR DEPRIVES THE AFGHAN RESISTANCE OF TWO OF ITS STAUNCHBST SUPPORT

MILITARY STRATEGY WILL PROBABLY NOT CHANGE.

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Original document.

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