JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF DIRECTIVE; FUNCTIONS OF THE OFFICE OF STRATEGIC SERVICES

Created: 10/27/1943

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JOINT CHIEFS OFIRECTIVE

FUHCTI0K3 OF THE OFFICE OF STRATEGIC SERVICES

Wote by the Secretaries

The Enclosureirective with respect to the Functions of the Office of Strategic Services approved by the Joint Chiefs of Staff inth Meeting. This Directive supersedes all dlreotivea and terms of reference previously approved by the Joist Chiefs of Staff.

F. B. ROYAL,

A. J. HeFARLAND,

date

Joint Secretariat.

DIRECTIVE

I

FUNCTIONS OF THE OFFICE OF STRATEGI' rEBVICES

By Military Ordor of the Commander in Chief, dated amended by Presidential Executive Ordorhe Office of Strategic Services vas established as an operating agency of the Government under the direction and supervision of the Joint Chiefs of StU*f.

Tho Office of Strategic Services is designated as the agoncy of the Joint Chiefs of Staff charged vith the functions and dutios doseribed hereinaftor lnnclusive

IlfTELLIOENCE

a. The Office of Strategic Services io authorizedollect secret Intelligence in ell areas other than tho Western Hemisphere by DC one cf espionage and aounter-espionage, and evaluate and disseminate such intelligence to authorized agencies. In the Westernbases already established by thi Offlco of Strctogic Services ln Santiago, Chile, and Buenos Aires, Argentina, may be used as ports of exit nnd of entry for the purpose of facilitating operations in Europe and Asia, but not for tho purpose of conducting operations in America. The Office of Strategic Services is authorized to have its transient agents fron Europe Or Asia touching points ln

the Westerr.an omit information throughof the Military Intelligence Service and of tha Office of Naval Intelligence.

(S) Establish and maintain direct liaison with Alliedtellige.'irre agencies.

ttiln informetlon from underground groups by flireet contac* or other aeans.

stablish and maintain direct liaison with mill-tar: end naval counter-intelligence. Federal Bureau of Investigation, and other Government agencies engaged ln cour.tor-intelligen'-.e.

ESEARCH AND ANALYSIS x

Tho Office of Strategic Servicesurnieh eeaen-tlal intelligence for the planning and execution of approvedperations;urnish auchas ia requested by agencies of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the armed services and other authorised Government agencies. To accomplish the foregoing no geographical restriction is placed on the research and analyaia functions of the Office of Strategic Services, and the following specific activities will be performedt

evaluation and analysis ofsociological, economic, topographicinformation required for the above.

of such studies embracing theaa may be required.

of the assigned sections of Joint ArmyIntelligence rtudleeogether with suchend appendices as may be required to accompany

n.vl in this directive, the term "strategic services"id measures (except thoseo thef radio, press, publicationelated foreign

activities involving the dissemination of information)entree our will upon the enemy by ivmne other thancrjon, aa ma; be applied in supwrt of actual or olannad rpiitary operations or in furtherance of the war effort.

d. preparation of euoh mapa. cnarts and illustrations as may bo roquet-ted by the agencies of the Joint Chiefs of Otaff and authorized agencies ofavy Departments.

S2CRST OPERATIONS

The secret operations included ln thle paragracn will be

conducted within enemy countries and enemy occupied or controlled oountries, and from bases within other Arena,eutral areas, where aotlon or counter-aotlon may be offectivel:uit the enemy.

ff a. Morale Subversion

The Office of 3tratsglo Services is responsible for J the exeoutlon of all forms of morale subversion by diverse means lnoludlngi

False rumors, "freedom stations", false leaflets and falee documents, the organization and support of fifth oolumn aotlvltiee by grants, trained pereonnel andand tha uae of agents, all for the purpose of oraatlng oonfualon, division ande morale I of the

b. Phyelonl Subversion

The Offloe of strategic Servloes le responsible for the exeoution of approved soeolal operations lnoludlng;

Sobotase.

Organization and conduct of guerrilla warfare, personnel to be provided for ruerrilln1 be Halted to organizers, fomentero and operational nuclei.

Direct contaot ,jlth and support of underground resletcnoe groups.

conduct of soeolnlnot tc other Government agencies and not under the direct

1 of the theater or urea eomaar.ders.

The organization,iid training ofliv-ltjiia or organizations as uay ?r tejulred for rations not assigned tovemjient agencies.

3SRV:CS3LANNING, gJCBC'JTIPH. DOCTMn ANP

TRAILING

The Office of Strategic Services is charged wltht

e. The planning, development and execution of strategic

services for the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the development

of doctrine covering such services.

b. The training of personnel for strategic services.

AND SHIPMENT

The Cffice of Strategic Services vtll be responsible for the progressive and orderly development of operatingand the characteristics of special weapons and apeclal equipment for special operatlona not assigned or pertinent to. Government agencies. When approved by the Office of Scientific Research and Development, such special weapons and special equipment may be developed by the Office of Strategic Services in collaboration with the Office of Scientific Reeeareh and Dovelop'aent. The characteristlca having been so established will be presented to the Assistant Chief of Staff,War Department General staff and the Vice Chief of Naval Operations for transmittal to the appropriate supply agency for further development or procurement. Weapons, equipment and supplies for the Office of Strategic Services will be programed and procured ln accordance with the pertinent Joint Chiefs of Starf directives and current Army and Navy Instructions based thereon.

WITH FOREIGN NATIONALITY QRQTJP3

Tho Office of Strategic Services Is authorized, in con-iv.ltatlon with the Department of State, to maintain contactlpn nationality groups and individuals in the United States for the aurpose of obtaining Information.

# OMMUNICATIONS .

i The Office of Strategic Services shall be responsible for the planning, organisation and operation of essential communlca tlons required for field and training actlvitlea ln connection

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vlth approved projects. Existing communication facilities will be utilized wherever possible. The programming and procurement of comuntc&Lions equipment will be made only after approval therefore hes been secured from the Assistant Chiefs of Staff,War Depart-wnt General Staff, or the Vice Chief of Naval Operations, depending on which service has primary Interest in the particular type of comnrunlcat Ions equipment under

WITH OTHER AGENCIES

The Office of Strategic Services is authorized to maintain liaison with other interested Government agencies.

OF STRATEGIC SERVICES PROGRAMS

Strategic services programs are supplementary to and must be coordinated vlth military programs. To Insurelanning group to actoint medium shall be set up in the Office of Strategic Services for supervising and coordinating the planning and execution of the strategic services programs. The Office of .Strategic 3ervlces Planning Oroup shall consist of:

member appointed by the Secretary of State,appointed by the Chief of. Army, tvoappointed by the Commander ln. Fleet of Naval Operations, and four members. Includingappointed by the Director of Strategic Services.

f the Office of Strategic ServicesCroup shall be available for full-time duty andf.-ae fron other esslgned duties.

Advisory Crrrclttee comprising representativesOffice of Economic Warfare, Coordinator ofTreasury Department and from time to time representa-

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tivos of such other Government agencies as may be called upon to sorvc, shall bo set up to servo vlth the Planning Group, elthor asumbers oroontttee whon requested by the Chairman he Group, to consider net tars affecting the respective aB* les represented on the

of the Advisory Committee will advlso the Planning Group as to how tholr raapectlve agencies can be cf assistance ln insuring the succoss of strategic services plans.

major projects and plans for strategicinclude measures for political, cultural andto be applied. In the case of economicprojects and plans will indicate only the resultsthe Office of Economic Warfare.

major projects and plans for strategicbe integrated with military and naval programs byof Strategic 3ervlces Planning Group and, afterthe Director of Strategic Services, submitted to theof Staff through the Joint Staff Plannors for

EKBrtAL PROVISIONS

a. Interchange of Information.

Tho Military Intelligence Service, the Offico of Naval Intelligence and tho Intelligence Service, Office of Strategic Services, will provide for the complete and free Interchange of information, evaluated as to creditabllity of source,for the executive of their respective missions, h. Security Control.

timing of strategic services men.3uroa initiated In tba United States is subject to the direction of Security Control.

ontrol by Theater Commanders.

All activities within organized thoators or aroas aro

..ubject to diroct control by the commander concornod who Is

authorized to utilize tho organization and facllltlos of tho

Office of Strategic Services in his theater or area In any i

nannor and to the laaxlnun extent dosirod by hin.

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