GENERAL-PBSUCCESS - SPECIFIC-PSYCHOLOGICAL BAROMETER REPORT (PERIOD ENDING 16 J

Created: 1/20/1954

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CIA HISTORICAL REVIEW PROGRAM RELEASE AS SANITIZED

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oscuffij InformaUOR

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from subject:

Reference:

'JAN4

DATE:

Chief of Station, Guateroals^^

PBStCCESS

Psychological Barometer Report (Period EndingU;

Jbr the purposes of this report there have been no significant changes during this period in tho situation described in references (a) and

2* The impending OAS meeting at Caracas continues touch-discussed andsubject which Is the'basis for "anti-intervention" propaganda in

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the official and/or communist press. 'During thisro-government sour of unknown reliability boasted that Guatemala can count on support from Chile, Ecuador, Bolivia, Argentina and Cuba in defeating the. proposal to' invest gate communist infiltration in Latin America*

3* The explosive situation regarding Illegal seizures of land has subsidedbut remains serious. ItassiKly.it may/lead to personal conflictManuel^ELT^CER and Major AlforaojfVARTDE'Z which could result inof one or both principals. .UARTlHSZ is reported to have said thatkilled biggor men than>

.lU1 There has been an unacted-flow ;of rumors regarding the possibility of civil disturbances designed to;'bvei^throir:tho ARBS HZ government, and in thision there appears to bos.turbances will be.oxtremeljfairly reliable isonrce :with nany contacts in local opposition circj statee that'the government ahd-'the communists haveist of all oppc sition personalities who are j& vibe killed if and when an anti-governmentoccurs. Pertinent reports relating to real of alleged anti-govorraaent activities have been forwarded under' separate

vTwo major items of publio ^speculationhis reporting period were state-mcnts attributed to Ambassador.fEORIFOY and Senator nTIEr. In the January ?ti issue of TIUE Ambassador FEORlFOI reportedly stated1 that the United.States could not permit the establishmentoviet republic between Texas-and the Panama Canal and that public opinion in the United States might force the govt cont to take some action, Subsequently, the Embassyenialot* the Guatemalan Foreignowever, it is generally believed that the Ambassador did in fact make some statement along the lines indicated, and it

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is reported that tho Guatemalan Government and lis supporters arc worried that the United States will intarvono to suppress communing and/or overthrow the ARBENZ regime. On tho othor hand, it ia reported that many opposition Individ and groups aro encouraged by PEORITOY's alleged statomont.

Senator vnLET's speech bofore the United Statespeech in which he cited examples of recant events that prove the existence of communism in Guate mala and Russia's relation thereto, hasomewhat similar reception. To date there has been no specific refutation of the points cited by Senator YflLI but the speech in general haa been denounced by pro-government spokesmen as an act of intervention.

Generally the foregoing events appear to haveavorable reception in tha anti-communist forces are encouraged to know that outside aid mayorthcoming. To that extent the feeling of hopelessnoss that has prevailed he for many months (see previous reports) has been partially dissipatod. It shoul be noted, however, that such speeches also tend to offend and alienate antin comnurdsts who aro ot tho same time strongly nationalistic, lhe net result fo the purposes of this report cannot be evaluated as yet.

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GeorgeW. Tranger

ISh

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