CimORICAL REVIEW PROGRAM. SdS^AS SANITIZED
MEMORANDUM FOR: Chief, WH
ndomments on Cover Sheet
reply to Mr. Wiener's cQuerent, "Just vhat is ESSENCEabout. Is be off his rocker, or is there sone substance to his Iff vhat be says ismatters are twiceadvanced (favorably)ave ever heard. Whathebe stated. At the time Mr. Wisner read the attached reportshis comment to you, it was rather difficult to assess thecomment at that time vould probably have been thatwas rather unscientific and perhaps represented nothing morethinking. During the week oferies
of Incidents occurred vhlch tend to validate several of the statements made by ESSEHCE. Those incidents vere aa follows:
Martinez, Chief of the Guatemalan Agrariandeparted for Switzerland under very peculiarall intents and purposes, be does not intend to returnIn the near future. Inb) ofIndicated that Martinez was experiencingwith the Communists in his department and that heantl-government thoughts and even planning aArbenz in view of mounting reports that oppositiondetermined to overthrow the government. Martinez'an extent at least, validatesb). As tocontrol within the Agrarian Department, this becameduring theanuary. Whileield tripabuses by squatters, Martinez woe mobbed and aaresigned. This may have been one of ^heleading to his decision to leave Guatemala.
related significance to Martinez' difficulty, isthat Guillermo Ovando Arriola, President of Congress,of the Republic, and also Secretary for Agrarianshot by unknown assailants onanuary while riding in Theretrong possibility that his attemptedbe directly related to the difficulty within the DepartmentAffairs.
concerns the other remarks made by ESSEHCE throughoutmay be assumed that many of his statementsegree of validity. we do not feel that sufficient supporting information haa beenpermit us torecise comment or evaluation at this time.