ribat/pe cup CESS
Lincoln Chief of Station, Guatemala Oporational
Weekly BIODWH Operational Report Reference - LU
INTO i rashington
The reriew tnentionod inf tho last previous weeVrly report is pouched under separate cover.
KuOOttll Task PTA (Essence) i
Sub-paragraphs a_o loo relate to reports subadttad by REKMARA i
Bnol.elates to the recruit nsnt of Identity discuss od innd He Is noa taking the necessary steps to obtain an exit pendt and visas for destination and country enroute.
h. Enol.ontains self-explanatory rosponsee regarding Lincoln
End.elf explanatory request for support. AU purchases vera approved by the station and funds provided to Essence through
ri. EncL. fh,ndontain adacelLenoouo by-product Intelligence data. The source off Enol.a Raisers'a ostensible superior ln the cover cospany.
a. All natters discussed in Encl.er* previously reported to Lincoln by cables aa Indicated. The letter referred to inf Encl.as sent to Lincoln under separate covej.
f. All matters pending action were rovleaad with Rsaaera onli and reports requested soonest.
KUODTK Task PT/2i No change.
George L. Tranger
Encl. aa noted
SUBJECTi Mooting Between CAKTfiB and AUEIITO
1. Twoook place between Oocar H. CaBTSB and AXSETO on4 (Wednesday).
Some time ago CaRIKS had boon Instructed to send aoao six or eight persons out of tho country to work* Anong tbe do wco[^ though the others left tho country, [ jbecauac of the general situation In Guatemala at tho time, win. retained in the capital.P His ready to leave, hie passport is valid, and only needs ae foreign relations exit visa,o perudt his exit,
3.C ^oontraots vlth Cuban orchestras to visit Cunt omnia. One of these orchestras is presently in tha country. Using thlo as joan leave Guatemala snrouts to Cuba and the United States In pursuitigor o, eta. to oarae to Guatemala, end alsoeneral pleasure trip.
**E ^states that he would like totwo hundred dollars) cash vlth his mother when he leaves. Outside of that, he loaves all other financial arrangs-meats to the group.
6. CAH7JS does not know of tho Otto K. Parodos of Altu Vera Paz who wrote Mexico asking for anti-OonESunlet literature. However, he will endeavor to find out what he can.
6. The next mooting between CAItTat and T0 Is scheduled for Monday,iar oh.
la Onh of Mat oh,0 In thoeep entered San Mateo Ullpaa carrying bcrural persona. These passengers spoke to the persons to whom arms had previously been issued (see report of two or three dayselling them that Wednesday they were to go to the cardial where they were to participate in awhich waa going to take place.
They were given aoae money at that tirno, and told store money would be given them ln the city. They were also told not to be afraid,rmed man frost Momente-nango were also arriving la the capital.
These men were told they would be Lodged ln the 1st Cuerpo of the Guardia Civil. They were asked SS any among them knew ftow to operateguns* eince two were to be given them.
It is bellowed that the men who arrived In the Jeep were members of PAR.
Party pistols have also been distributed to asm in San Bertolo Militae. Among those persons who arrived in the jeep were Lois Gal tan of PAS and an Alfredo (last name unknown}. In San Bartolo the report was that the ants*ealeunion of Parietaa.
CaBTXB states that it would be extremely difficult for any of the persona in the group to undertake theef any political prograni or to startetter prograa than that whlob the government advocates.
.** t*t0t off with one article, but Insomuch as the newspapers, such as Marroqufn Rojaa', live on polerdes, the other newspapers would immediately toko up the banner, and begin to pick holes in what waa advocated by the group. The group has no one capable ef BTietainsaUng, even half-wayewspaper battle with these other writera.
The danger is that tho other newspapers, including those of the government, would quite possibly and probnely doine Job of picking out all the flaws and playing men up, that in the long run the group would lose out -would be tha butt of Jokes instead ef being taken seriously.
OAHTKa eltes the ease of Luis Arenas, the deputy who waa taken out of the country by CAHTaa, but returned for one day and imoedataly sought asylum in tho Salvudoran embassy. It was llarroquln Bojao. supposedly of the opposition press, who took tho dojuty and the opposition tot wasn't neoeosary for the government press to run hia down.
_ B. Should the group make exaggerated demands for fun-filling or carrying out agrarian reform, building schools,ll the papers, not only tha Comosznlet press, will be only too happy to point out the fallacies connected with the anti-Ccnwuniat group.
6* Furthermore, many people have said they are tired of programs,hat they wonthange and it doesn't matter wheremenalvador. Nicaragua, Santo Domingo, the United States- another Ubioo, orothing could be any worse than the present regime.
Indian endnpeeino don't understand
one program rrcishey are only interested in results. n in the city among the literate 'uroup, very few persona pay ouch more thanly casual attention to the polemics thrown out hy the various political groupings.
youuch as the seftorns
of the markets, who are negeaected hy the government, and really by any group innd advoceto oaslAance for thiscod- it would be very easy for the government to irasRifttely tell these women, oTk. we'll giTe vou what the opposition is only puttingr* cwthe leaders of this group of woman would not be won orer,the majority would switch their allelgance quickly, and then the anti-Connuniots would hare lost one of their major supports.
states that these wcraen, neglectedd dea, are quite happy in their anti-Conaau;iism -won fame as boing thenragefmanly than thend they enjoy this and continue
in th? fore-front of theoup.
A vast majority of the anti-CoBrauniste are antl-ComMinists because they are at least nominal Catholics -and to them all 'ihe tossing around of urograms mean nothing as long as the Cor-munists are arennd. they are in the opposite camp.
CAHTZR ct- tea that the advantage with the govoraw rcrt ,erces lc th.it they ere of the revolution, haveirline of eortg, rndeader te whom thov can
anti-ComnainietE are connected withare) thoisoiplinege of groupsalce un ar.tl-Conminiemhave no lead or (because some cry for Ydlgoras Truantfor Castillo Armas, and other for Cordova Cona.others for other persons.
you try to settle uoon one of theabove to build up into the Treat lorder of therjre gcinf tc aliennte -npny cf the group's suwirterethe ninte ofc;,le, Tdirorss le tho cruel trranti
Castillo Artec iebecuce lieevolt in which only he and one ctUcr caaie out with their lives -an4 then nefromnyhe sola out and lives abroad in coveraiaent pays Cordova Coma io associatedthee fished and signed 'eany txpropiition bills wailea in thee is too radical, in the opinion of many.
14. Therefore, the opposition, curst be given soao-thing around which they can all rally, roRirdloos oflitiCRlia lone; as it is anti-Conrmnisou
IB. Iteakness* but om whSch could be eren woaker shoulduddenly serine up before the time ia ripe an'1 try to forco ie'easeader upon tho rest.
1* CASTES haa requester pertrlaelcn to buy an ulto-parlante for use In theEe areas, ouch ao thahe crowds attoncinc tho meetings are so large) that the voloo alone doee not carry.
2. Ee would alao Ilka teox-camera to take picf Coasaaxnsta and ariti-Ccrmuii sta for publioatioaebelde or for propaganda work.
A' usd motorcycle, for use in spreading black prepaAanda'-through out tho city and country* would cost. It would be of great value to the group of black propagandists in dissemination.
4. sod Jeep or cor for the whiteend the groups which make the visits to the different fiocafl. could probably be purchased for. Pro shortly these group* can visit pooaibly one, two at the cootay going by bus or horse-back* ar thooo visits can be doubled at least, as well as provide for the carrying of materials, propannnda, oto,
CARTER otatos these two vefcicloc can be purchased
Pndaraflsnmod nasa, since tho control is neither efficient nor
CARTER states that there is great uxm.ot In the Tiquisate area.
Bur/ land owner e, knowing ths goverunent was coning ln to divide up their land, decided to parcel it out themselves, to friendly canpet-lnoc.
5. When the government representatives arrived^ they began to repossess the parceled out land to give It in turn to campesinos 'hey thought rare favorable to tbe government.
Tills has caused great resentment, ttany of tha caapeBinoe ni* re facing to aoceptcele, ainoe the feeling ie that action is going to occur soon, and they don't want to be connected with the sovcrncieni nor to stand accused when any change ooiaes.
CARTES states that the number of portionsfor moaborehlp and anti-Oonraunlat cards Is so great they mustarger meet lug house, and keep aworking all day long.
Tlie idea bos grown among the people that whenever they leave the country the autl-Conajani et cards are very valuable because the authorities ln the other countries ask to zee then, lhe people are demanding cards, buttons, etc. And in the streets many jftbplc are loudly proclaiming "soyba jo el oomunlstaa'1.
Xm The following io translation of attachment, whichxittod by CABTBP.I
2* eatlon among Consoles Juarez,nd several ether personalities oflitica of Cuate^xla the followingco^acntedi
Tho pragma of the Costa :tican coverrceent ofanti in prjticulor tho orocrani relative to &gr-:ri:in refcrno, is Governed by arr" based oa the politics of tho Guatemalan government. The president of Costa Rlcneloec rcli;tio;is with the govern-aent of Cuntenala, anS has had teUc3 with variousf oar Revolution with the purpose ofath fcr resulte siellT to those whichhnvo traversed.
Several nccicnictas Toinoritarios of tho IRC A. have ooao to Cur-temala .it tbf) invitation of the govern* nent to hrvs an interview with Arbenz, Thlo interview dealt 'cith, or will deal with, means of taking away the control which thehasho railways, freight, etc. The Gurteiaalan government has offered to those oincrity atockhcl-'ers its support in raising ths tarrifs ongo -uentities of cargo which the UVCO ahi-sin return for the support of these stockholders for the Otntssalai) p
he si range behavior of Cnncesa in thoonference, and the two strange refusals oi the Salvadorun embassy in Our. tetania to.grant neylun whenunas offered Oacguede (when OuoguedainicterrtJ ts Interferes) the votec. Guerrero, ln the Hague Court in the enssj of llottcboa ve.he firat atop in certain nxrarBjeoento that Presidontnta to make with Prunldont Dscrlo in their nextact whioli reportedly with deal with Gurtersaln not intorferring, nor permitting CouKUfist Infiltration Inn exchange for which HI Salv: dor promised to denounce andl those trying to orer-tfcrcw the Covuroraeni ef Guaietmla.
"In government c'. rclec insistent runort,to circulate. coup on the part of the -amy. The political parties are tsking measures rapidly tc tryoaken znC foment dlvislonim within the ranks of thein order to try and overcome this dancer.
oontinues ic outline himself as th. next President. Tie is supported by Ilojertinez and ther.ts grrupt*yn-riics. ichly
It ie saidiaz, is slcwet sure of gaining the pre'.iooncy, anCse he dect;-in theupport,rill enter into action.
Opposing Diaz io the croup he-ded hyacUonr.lcossibly also in this group isSandoval. Thia grenp counts on the support of tho Presidentf thend doesn't say who nill be ita ccr^idcte. Very -rebcbly at the lastV.eze launched - neho3 ic the etronr sjan the -icnente he controls nearlyof: au;sieato, "n?crce part of this sun ^ill he entered in the confidential line. This ia net se ir.n.se, since tho uoney which he controlstinod for tho trccps,ccordingly ccntrolable.
Concerning the political preparation* aape the PAR succeeded ir:trong*thr ccvimsent, andcc-ntroi of Congressar.rcr for the parties of the extreme left,the pretentions ofc*-ntroi by Str-vngcly, it ica certainPAR hc.-en tc- provoke divisions ano schisms- in thospite cfone cf its principal ra'-nbsfcs. nrht tot of the
Viteri, -tc. Shortlyow division io hooded by -hoey cf tho Presidency, Chicaa Cirrilio,s,re thrctfn cut of thety. AnS nor,ithtiro of 'Jv^JidoUA,to.
present position of the party 2YiE, which it WOttlo have oeejrtcd logicalonal interest of Gonzalezcz tc maintain strong, boxn luitiX ifc ia nowosition of inferiority even conip red to the Independent block.
On the other hand, the POT la constantly being strengthened and supported.
Theoo political BtovatiSiits givo uo the key to thr. fBftvemrwntdng th necessaryo keep the revolutionarylr-nced vh-ile it trios fco stirenj-tV.cn thehlon vill beich thet" with wbich it fiphts the next electr-Tipiiigai. which in view of all the sanuovcre cfricusties, willct tba close of this yc.-x#
I have left cut nr.cthcr step in the political steps in tns balsUOiflB of the politic.ilhis isiro of Grantee frora the Junta slsotcral and of Yirgilio Jtapr.ts as i'jnsictr&do of the Corto Suprorcc*
ed on the foregoingi it wtuld be ci' intercuttartennpragn cf propccnnds with tho yurposo ofefinitecut theh.rnaui, Gonzalez Juarez, Sanr'otslt POT, Dlaa, llcrtlnez, dissidents of tho dlffcrt'rt p' rtieo. This prcpagr.nda would deal with trying to rairk cr rolst out the Itfoznti-Cotnainioto, or letting it be understood that theprofcr this ere op, one" 'xt the cr.ac tloc cttr-chinr the ether sroup. Iny, coulc'usion of these twod keepivision oaOBC then which in too lone run weulC bo taken ndvrx.trgc of by the opposition.
Ancihor prt-ce ecr.paicn which vould be effective and whleh oecntlng; Upon sufficient funds*OOElc' hit that of tryingt a. strong OTCan of the ir..'c ndent preoc toection but well directed ell xxitten, -csinstoo.
It seen* tothat outside of the catv;icn of anil*
Comroniet -repwhich becaute It is directed hy political
troupe wc can coll itthere er.ists nljwst
no work to counteract tho constantcctcd
injection cf Communism which, by means of the official.
pressthe various government radio antly
indoctrinate tho "ucblo.
Ifor* in thii: sens'oved, the first steps in orrininlnf. it can be un'ertrhcn.
. ** stated thnt Ireeceived here Indicate that presently andthe recent pant the Guatemalan government has he enonaidorahlo Sffff ofto Honduras, Salvador, and Hicaragua
ISJJPOS get ln>wIth ordero to infiltrate the exiled ranks and report beak on whatever preparotiona ere oeing made.
OARTffi aaye word hae reached hie group which tends to support thef* ill attempt to get more detailed^rtfoTmation (nameb, etc.)
nformation should be passed alonr te FAW3H0 as Quickly ae possible.
SUBJBDTi Meeting Bo two on EKB) and ALEKRTO
1. BDJO and AI3KRT0 not on Saturday night,arch.
E, BOD atated that ha was unaware of theof the person to be recruited, and inasmuch aahad left the country, it would be impoasi- ,for KEBO to take any further steps in thethe person to be recruited had beenhim.
BOB confirmed porviouo report that CAUT1CH ad been left in charge of things within the country pon the departure of htermldiary above.
KSBD alsohich wasoney outatanding on the unused part of thoirplane ticket of Ptt.
stated that things within the country
are very serious, and unices action from tho outsider 2.
is taken soon, there la danger that things will fall
apart on the inaide. Thia pastersons had
been arrested (although not nil of them actively
connected with the movement) -tfaany persona active
ln tho movement are army personnel who have carried
out their directions whore they are now in danger if
action is not taken soon. Some of these officers are
threatening to quit thethers nre saying
that they have been betrayed by PaUCUQ (since no
notion is forthcoming and they are exposed because of
tMnps they have done in forwarding the movement).
SSBi stated he wouldetterJ dealing with porn, raph 6.
scheduled mooting between EKND andfor Hood ay'arch,Original document.