OPERATIONAL - WEEKLY KUGOWN OPERATIONAL REPORT (W/ATTACHMENTS)

Created: 4/9/1954

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

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Chief, Lincoln Chief of Station, Guatemala Operational

Seekly KUGCM1 Operational Report

Reference -

EffOi Washington

forward the items referred to in paragraphsand 3i

the in-

your pemieaion we propose that KUGOTN operational reports be prepareday-to-day basis Instead of following the weekly procedure outlined in. Under the present system therereat accumulation of paper work that ia difficult to handle at the closearticularperiod. It would aiaplify matters if we could write pertinent dispatches ag operational events of reporting significance occur rather than hold each matters for inclusioneekly report. Greater thought and detailedcould be given to events aa they occur, and we could atagger the work load more efficiently. If you feeleekly report Is essential, wethat we report specific events daily and sake the weekly report aand/or ausaary evaluation of progrosB.

PLEASE REPLY TO THIS PROPOSAL BY CABLE.

KCGDHH Task PTA (Essence) t

^ Tho enclosures rauntioned inelow relate toports submitted by Rasaara In connection with this taakt

s. Issue No.f El Rebelde aontioned Infas forwarded to Lincoln under separate cover. According to Essence tho "Cartaentioned Inf this enclosure mde an unusually pood Impact (see also Uany people asked for copies after the original supplyas exhausted. Both Essence and Haamara remarked that the reception St Ihisas due to and not in spite of tho obvious literary short-comings. This sortgoes overTig, something the people can understand. The miscellaneous items noted in paraa. lire sent to Lincoln only ae matters of possible interest.

b. elf-explanatory account of the difficulties constantlyexperienced by Essence personnelesult of police pressure. In spite of ouch pressure we feel that Essence and hie associates are raking satisfactory progreas. It ia our hope that Lincoln concurs.

RY! at/PBSUCCESS/sipRET

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attention is called to tia psychological intelligence itemsin Encl.

kumary of Laaonce's rcmarka rogardlnf; thesustsininc El Rebelde in spite of the limitations imposed on it by(nee project review. We repeat that theirat-claaa vehicle for SlUDKH purposes, but Itconsiderable utility aa explained in thia enclosure.

ofore cabled to Lincoln for relaying tosubject ofa believed to be identical with the

natters discussed in paras.fere alao cabled

iasuoa of El Combats aontioned infre notLincoln has other sources for such saterlals. Please forwardper requestf this enclosure.

,rc self explanatory.

1. Encl.ontains three rolls of undeveloped film which Essence requests be forwarded to. . Ho Informed Rasmara that the films relate to houses in Puerto Barrios used by the coaaainiats aa zesting places and storage places for puns and araaanition.

J. The article entitled "La Revolution del Cora ton"aa transmitted to Raanara anh for delivery to Essence. It is tho concensus of opinion that thia article ia the best received to date. It haa greater emotional appeal, less concern with the intellect and theories. have been coepleted to begin publishing such articles in No.nd Bubaocuont lasues of the paper.

k. Tho clippings fron the Uexioan press sent to us as enclosures toere delivered to Essence, but it is doubtful that any successful action oan bo contrived for the reasons expressed in

1. Razmara has asked us to point out that his memoranda, aent to you as en* closures to tho weakly report, are hurriedly typed Just prior to contacti with Tranger cr Heegy. He docs thia in order not to accusnlate and retain any Incriminating docuaentsong period of tlae. Accordingly, they are very Informal and often contain grammatical adstakes that he has not had tine to correct. Occasionally, ifcen ino the exact meaning of Spanish words or phrases he includes them as receivedonce.

EYEAT/PDSUCCESS/SD

Q7

Pago 3

Wo know that Raanara la working under aooowhat difficult conditions, and we find hia reports acceptable and ass una that yon also find thorn ao.

KUGOTOf Taak pt/2i no change.

Oeorge L. Tranger

Encl1 as noted

7u

Distributioni

2kahlngton1 encl

4

SUBJECT i sleeting Between CARTER and ALBERTO

A meeting took place between Oscar H, CARTEREBTO, en Tuesdayarch.

CASTER tutored over copies of2 sf *K1 Rebelde", Thie le the first Issue to reflect scmo of the changes suggested by LIBOOLS. Zt le planned te start bringing out soae of the artioles or editorials submitted by LIKCOLB beglmilng with the next issue.

The attached "Carta Ablerta Al Faeblo dewas printedopies for distribution.

by the Comite Femenino,

4* The attached tolegrsav from Ovando Arriola to the FAB fill alee waa turned oyer to the group by s. sympathiser who belongs to the FAB filial of San Martin Jll, The telegram merelyhe PAR* awith making ears its fill alee throughout the country do not act without properhat ie, that unknown and unauthorised persons do not au cosed In hood-wlnxkin? the looal organizations*

Attached ie Conrairdat propaganda addressed to the workers,f Tlqulsate,

Also attached leIndividual Oon Garantia Prendarlaor borrowing moneyby an

agriculturalist,

de Ampe.ro" and tho circular overof A, Hart In en refer to the government' atake away from some non-Comnuniet caopealnos, lendto Communlot caarpeslnos.

8. The following member* of the entl-Coastini et filial In Pueblo Nuevo Tiqulsate hare been axrested -

Gorman Garcia Donil Juan reres Ulnae UanuelriUa Uanuel Castro Palaelos leiarc Samayoa Dusrte Calletano Garcia liancla Feliz Cortes Santos

CARTER has seen to It that they receive food,hile they are in Jail. Theirntl-agrnrlstae.

c. The next meeting between CARTER and ALBERTO la sohedulcd forpril*

ALBERTO

CARTA ABIERTA AL PUEBLO DE GUATEMALA

Nuwa en los anales de la Historia do nuestra Patria se habla dado el eaflO que todo un Ministro -Kelacioncs fcxtcriores olvidando por completo las mas elemcntaJea normaa deortesfa diploirraura en la forma en que lon representante de unaermann; mealabras expresadas por el Canciller Toriello al abandonar cl eeno de lanue el Cancillerla Republics Dominicans pronunciaba un discurso ante el comitA Juridico- Politico de la Decima Conferenc Interamericanu de Caracas, actitudes que ponen on evidenciao al canciller Toriello sino tambien aobierno por el represetando cri dicha coofereacij.

Pero deapuea de haber viato las flagranteaaos dercchos human que actualmcnte se cometen en nuestro pais, el Canciller Toriello era el menos indicado para expresaree una forma tan impolitic* como lo hiro, ya que results una oxtrana coincidencia que diss despucs do hacci carge ol de la Carters de Relaeiones Exteriores, se procediera al secucstro. torturas expulriones inhumana-ilceales de muchos ciudadanoB inocentcs. Sc ve muy bien que el Canciller Toriello actua de acuerdo con 6rdenesy consignas recibidae de la camurla roja que desgrnciadamente gobiernauatemala.

Han tratado de hiceros pueblos libres dc Am6rica que sura defender la libortad soberania de nuestro pals, euando en roalidad el verdadero objetivo era sabotear la deYima conferen. interamericana de Caracas, para asl poder lograr que Guatemala, stga convirtiendosc en una republics dot: impcre la dictadura partidista como succdi6 en Checoeslovaquiaemaa patses que actualmci aufren elictatorial regimen cornumsta.

Al externar Toriello su votoa ponencia anticomunista el Secrotario do los Estat Unidos dc Norte America delimito laomunista de su gubierno.

Prcgunto: puede una persona quo no sea comunista expreaar suna ponencia anticomuniu Is respuesU esobvia.

Puede cl Canciller Toriello negar que cn Guatemala, impcra cl comunismo despucs de las palab texLualesdicha8porelpre3idcntedclsrtepublicaeldlaIo.de Mario que son Laa siguientes: "retirai Guatemala del comunismo cs un suicidio".

t'abe preguntar a) canciller Toriello quo ennongtaa ha traldo para nuestro pueblo ellease ley dsl despojo* cuyas consecuencias hanienen enaangrentado nuestro suelo pat

Que lo hasted senor Toriello drfendcr la falsade Guauiraia, es acaeo el ai al dinero? Si ea asf cntoncea confirms mos lo que sc ha dicho: "Que loa Toriello son mercenarioe de la poll! del pals, no importandoleal prestigio de la pntria que los vi6 nacer.

Pretende usted senor Toriello abolir la liliertad de culto en GuatemalaT.

A que se debe lao un sacerdotea perperua amenaza que pesa sobre ot sicsrdotes.isada en que el Ministariode Relaeiones Kxtorioics que usted preside valiend de un subterfugio tal como nogarlesoa sacerdotcs cat6licos queuestro pais en cjcrcicio tie sus funcionesn vista de ello tratan da expidssrlos de Guatemala?

Por que ai en Guatemala hay liber tad aeos dirigentes anticomunistas acusandolus traidoresala patria?.

Trarion *enor Toriello es: tratar de enganar al pueblo de Guatemala, para asl en esa foiraa entre* lo atado dea atea Rusia, para satisfacer asl sua intereses personales no imporUndole con esa tftJtata se unda en ela ignominia.

a Patria: ea permitirpoyar clementoaeomunists nuestro suelo.

a patria: es* representation de todo un. Conferenoia dexpresar cn ella nn el scntimiento unAnime del pueblo de Guatemala.tsinoos cans ide de Is patria.ectarismoa polfticos de una camarilla incscropuloaa como la que actuslnw ae ha aduonado del poder en contra de la voluntad popular. Pueblo de Guatemala: miremos con despr que mcrecc el tltulo dea patria.emostremos una vei mas eon nuestraque loa gua'emnltecos sonios amantesde nuesfrasue no estamosermitir traidores deesa categoria manchea el nombre de nuestra patria.

Porque por mds torturasersecusiones seguiremos siendo elonde ae eatre los infnmes propositos comunistas amparados para ello en noestrauestros idealcs de liberta piogreao para nuestra quorida Guatemala.

POR UN DIOS, UNA PATRIA Y UN HOGAR.

Msxsoc I

por el comite femenino anticomunista

MARIA TRINIDAD CI

4

. of

whoon tact Xor Intelligence nsttor. waa smm*Sn*ai br the Guardia Judicial last week, the Judieiol Informed hie they ware aware of Ms netiritles and threatened hia that unst dlecontinue same ox suffer the consequence*.

Jinformed CARTER that he had not confessed to- nevertheless, he no longer wants to hasp onfex the group*

2. R. Heboid and Karlo Barrios, whose names appear ae responaables fer "XIere also auramancd by the Guardia Judicial andhey must no longer attack the government In the newspaper. They may continue to write doctrinary article* on Ccmasmlem, hut thoy can not mention the government nor thoee pcroono in tho

The Guardia came back looking for Retold, and CAR7SS haa, or had. him hiddenines* Uarlo Borrioa days that he doesn't want his name appearing in "El Rebel-do* any longer.

4. The lUnleterlo Publico has ordered abecause of complicity and subversion against the respon-eoble of the Radio program and the CEO a. Darlo Soto signed the contruct. CARTER state* that it now appear* they will not be able to operate any radio program. The owner of the station has been told that if heame he is liable to find himself in serious trouble on charges of treason,ecause tho program favors Castillo Armas, or those who sponsor the program do. ami CA hue beenhoee who support CA are traitore.

6. CARTER states that the group may resort. If they can secure the approval of the radio station own or (s) to the use or cur.as (short announcementb) throughout thehle should. If possible to secure the time, ovoid the static Interference and permit them to keep on with the anti-Communist propaganda.

The authorities arelose watch on all the group's contacto la the Orients. They bare seised propaganda, accused the CSUA of workingor Castillo Anas. Those persona they hare arrested have been accused ef being the channel whdsfcthe CXUA uses to spread Itand also. manlflesto which were sent to aray officere, etc.

In the Tl qui sate zone therereat deal of discontent on the part of the people against the government and the Communists. oup has had to calm these splrlta in order to avoid outbreak*.

5. The rumor is going around that the government wants the oampeeinos for cannon fodder whan the tint* for fightingll those of tha government harm prepared their flight out of tho country and will leave the people to do the fighting until they see which way the battle goes. The rumors futher state that thereist of all the leaders and partldarlotas ef the present government, and this list win bshat those who bother the antl-coonnlstaa,will bea well as all those who take part in tne defense of the present regimes.

The above rumorcs In the Tiqui sate area are causing great uneasiness among thend lately people hove been arriving by the hundreds to ask for identification cards from the anti-Communist filial. They all say now that they are not goblernlstas and that they only asked for lands to plant, but that they don't support the government at all. Many of the oanpeslnos and independlentee agrarletas upon being asked if they will support the government is casear, replyellos pors soon aa the government calls then they are bending for the woods and nobody le going to ss re them fight.

Therearge number of these caaresinoo she do not "rant lands now, bee-use they say it Is atrickndefer to be made prison-

era before they eign up with thetc. They eey that they only want to be told what to do# and even if it ie only with paloe, they will put an end to thepta. Tbey are desperateanger, because army of then Insist in seeking vengeanoe against other groups who have bothered them,

The govemawnt oontinuea pasBing outo their supporters among the eanmeelnoe,

Rumora continue going around that thent iaedada; shortly. It appears that the gorermaantumber of papers givenvarloue persons, containing Instruct!ons. The group

is trying to find out whore those infiltrations occured. The government knows that such of the material in "El Rebelde" oame from Bonduras.

;va ieooplete tour ofwith the permission or instructions of Thle tour will comprise seven persons.

a.

4

1. In discussing tho proa ofebelde" (not the composition, style,ut "El Rebelde" Itself) CARTER states that Itsnt ogee are*

a)rovides an excuse for contact,

a reason, among the various groups afillated with antl-Commnnlsm

h) morale he mere fact that it continue*

to be published is proof to anti-Communist sympathizers that there ie still some resistance to the government

e)teans of justifying varloua works and actions of those who work in tho movementmokehen persons go out on their tripsore secret nature, and should they he questioned as to what they are doing in thehey are die* trihuting "Elegal newspaper, etc.

d) circulation ofot everybody who reads "El Rebelde" ie actively working in theowever, since the Guardia Civil can't know for sure who is and who Isn't to behe fact that anyone can enter the CETJAand ask for copies of "El Rebelde" means the GC Is going to have to divide Its attention, waate time, eto.

o)tource of information particularly among tho people outside thendense of unity.

2. On the other hand, the government probably continues to let "El Rebelde" be published, always taking rway from lt any strong points, leaving It as Innocuous as theyecause through "El Rebelde" they can keep an eye on thehe GEL'A and itsthe flliales, and the Individuals who read it.

A.

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SUBJECT* Mooting Between CARTED, and ALBERTO

ul9dtook place between CARTER and ALBERTO onpril., CARTER states that hecauee of the recent arreete and the apparent penetration he did not wantnd the following Information to PAHCBD -via the regularbut that it lo necessary that this informs* tlon be gotten to PASCHO aa quiokly as possible,

Francisco Perelra, Mayor Francisco Controras, and Benito (last namere enroute to Honduras to offer their services to PANCHO, These oon aro government Bo rajas",

Coronel I. Zestler,inner and after considerable drinks, stated that Rani Secaira (inconfidence) had been placed there to keepnd that It should be noted that in every past failureevolutionary attempt, Secaira had boon present,

A seKor (nameall, somewhat fat, who has two trucks running between Salvador andand is believed to he working for PANCHO. has been noted in very suspicious company lately. CARTER Btates this matter should be chocked.

6, Chain Aneueto, brother of Roderico, chattingroup of his confidantes, stated that he had been sent money in order to send persons out of Guatemala for training in Honduras. He showedin dollars) which he said had been given him for this He raid he was to0 to each person, to go,0 for them to leave behind with their family.

6, cf.ord hin nuuc wa3 Flcrencio Avila Sanchez, and that heewspaperman, and cent by .IVCCllO,ew days ago In tho pnn /jst-rioan Hotel, . Alfredohink)

unVnovn, were there. Avila 3ar.chez asTrad then what theyklnr, how thinge aerc frolng in the novo-oent, how the. fit I'let were cedar clong, assured tbernney -roe rc object,tc, lie talked mich end leor.cly, cid he wes frongroupvIco, He TTffH river ne

Itet ft Tunn Trtrili le collecting money forienteo,

A prour- of high military officers, at their own exrenoe, have had rc->rintedopies of the Castillo Aranaot- Tlllteres, end it

onrcfldlnf: than

ouec firyuerose eeetinr TicrrdBsion tc lenwe fortraininc, Th'sa persons nre in the confidencegroup, equests advice from pabtjbq in

ALsliHBD

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1. The dlreotor of *Sl Rebelde" wan called before the Guardla Judicial again. They tola hln he could keep on publishing the papor, but that tho enrituia was not to appear any mora, nor oould ho attack the eovernnent.

0. Seven persons, representing ths PUA. leavo Saturday morning for an extended propaganda and checking tour throughout the Occldente anfl Sur.

3. It appears that the goTornmsnt leig campaign in Tiqulsate to strike foar into the antl-Coauauni6ts. .lore persons havu been arreeted, and lt ls expected that all the direotivns will bo jailed.

hasaa for Cuba*

the Onittd States, and his exit Ties. Be Is now only awaiting further instructions and con leave whenever told.

D. requests that PAKCHO send no more letters ttirough to persons in the group, ln hie usual maimer. This ia proving to be hazardous in view of tho apparent pon3trations.

6. CARTER points out that allhavo originated withleeted on that side of thohat PAUCEO ia so lacking Inhat he trusts ovary one who offers to osrry any messages iuto Guatemala. Thle ls proving too dangerous.

A.

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SUEJECTi Meeting Between CARTER end ALHiiRTO.

Oncer H. CARTER and ALBERTO had two meetings onpril,

CARTER gave ALBERTO copies of the propaganda leaflet, "Somes Una Demoeraoia Perfecta" sponsored by the Conlte Feme ni no Antieomunista. 0 copies were printed,

CARTER reports tbat the leaflet put out by the Ccmlteew days ago (copies of which vers submitted in an earlier report) met with such success that the original printingopies had to be) repeated. This propaganda, badly phrased, unconnected, but rather strongly worded in the language of the populace, was widelyot only by the lower poorly educated classes, but also among lawyers, etc, CARTER'S father mentioned to him thatorning ehanoe meetingroup of llnenciados talk turned to thend CARTER'S father later mentioned the faot

to CARTER with the hope that CARTER couldew more copies for these men. Neighboring housewives arrived atnd quarters looking for eoplee of the leaflet,

And Oobos, friend of CARTER*a, andthe signers of the "Ley Ourey deappearing on the back page of "la Hora" ofasked CARTER If some of his studentittle money to help themsowed on this article. CARTER states that theseall fairly weal-to-do, and that it la more awith them (in defense of their own personalany courageous action oa theiror havethemeelTes particularly helpful In the past whenwere seeking assistance. CARTERnothing anl states to ALBERTO that hia inclinationIgnore the requaflt. However, he passes thefor whnt it might be worth.

5. Attached nre three copies each ol"ndrought into Guatercala fron Salvador for d; ptributi on,

6# Also attached are three examples of Communist propaganda being distributed In Ouatemala*

rOQUCQts that the enclosed latterdelivered to himci.iKntl,o tbe fitesent risk of sendingthrough the usual channels used by the group*

an informal dinner last night at the"Last which Francieco Uorazan andwere present, plus Armando SandovalUario Sandoval, prisoner in Salami) and some ofSandoval, under the influenceewto speak against the government, talking oftreatment nccordod to the Salanu* prisoners,brother liorlo was going blind in prison and thewas not attending to him, that the government knewwore innocent, etc, Itorazan answerodthat not out of justice or any ouch thing, buthuaanitarianlsa, he, liorazan, would spookoctor see licrio; that the govornmentall the prisoners were not guilty, but the casehandled byres; furthermore, the govornmentawro of the forces moving againsthatand others in the government knew thenot last, that it VBSJ on its way out, but thatall determined to (tc dorm fighting and would put up

a good show agnlnct their oneaiea,

9* ThetingAKSSO is

scheduled for Tuesday,pril.

>

4

CARESR states that the market women were on their way to greet Torlello upon hia return from Caracas the other day, and they rare carrying quantities of rotten vegetables with which to welcome hia,

when this neon reached CARTES he sent word to the woman to make no demonstration because such action would probably have resulted in serious reprisal by the government, to say nothing of the immediate danger to the women from the Coimounist supporters mustered bv the government for Toriello's homecoming.

n*ihility of rumor* dealing with the conditions of local streets, waterone of these things aresponeibilitv of the feceralhey fall under the complete control of the locally elected official. CARTKR states that hence if the people start complaining to the federal government about localhe federal government is entirely within it* righto to reply to the peopleT^elected your own localf you don't like

you liSl^ffi rll oSig IJV^

ganda'isZ&tg?^

the feasibility of rumors suchdis*fEedetc.- Tliie type rumor

ZH1 *in*,llJtl2 acceptance In Ouatemalo. There are very few animals in Guatemala that aren't diseased (almost all

Tlu: aVP#rf-tto

people haven'toncept oflet alone worry about the animals. vast majority of the people don't get to estenough to nave it make any difference whenthat the animale are slak.

is customary among all the ixjople whoto ocLl, or rr.lae. that ae soon as tr.ey notlco

t, slcfcoesuheir anlmsls, they seize those initials affected snd rush to oarkot with then. umor about the government or Pellecer inserting and soiling diseased sr*lacls from I'exiec wculd moan nothing to thea.

Thesehlle nots decant or os -vcll-educated corson,aiyhey won't accept any rumor thet centsXvIS can ask thua to start spreading the junors, but if taey don't believe it they won't touchrrtlost face among them. The next time he coses tc them, they'll greet him with-jiore funny Jokes to tell".

CAV.TJ3 states that the rumors which will find inxedlntc accept one* spread like fire arc those that deal with suoh things osf the government Is going to expel thehich soy or may not be true, but

there Rlwfiya seems to be enough foundation in it that the people -ill believe it| and such rumcrfoct the vast -lajority of tho -looulotion, notnoU segment! tho government intends to use tin caicnesinoa ne ennnoniils the Communists make thairist has beened oi' all those persons coll.-be. rating with thtts anthe Government, nil) revenge will be teken. It io thie type rumor that proven no;.* effective vith theumor which would be addressed to csnitary conociuus foiaicnoes ar in the United otktae. or theountries. Or rumore. involvingl ttlc.honoo, vrfisaplc have telephones* etc.

C 3

24

Of theersons in Bon Mateo M. Altai to whoa the government gars, and took to tho7 hare returned to their hosesthe rest have remained, in Guatonala City In "la unionor the government told them that any day new they are expecting Castillo Armas to attack Guatemala by way ofalvador and that they must be ready.

Those who returned to San Mateo were Instructed to enlist moreive them the remaining arms, and whenruck, either private or belonging to the roais commie si on, would bs sent to bring them to Guatemala City,

J?he Vntrrmrnmt anti-Communists are spreading the rumor that the government wants those people for cannon fodder, while tbe Comrounlotii leaders oscape; furthermore, that the person who collaborates with the Communists will be shot when ths time of action arrives.

This is apparently very upsetting to the Communists because they cannot enlist very manywo of those persons to whoa they had given pistols hows turned them back In, Baying they didn't know anything about operating then, etc.

The group knows where the Communists have hidden the balance of the pistols they have in the area, and are forming groups to oontrol the situation at the proper

24

CASTER statee that none of the families of ths Salami prisoners were contacted and told that thisoung man waa going to visit ths prisoners in Salami and would he glad to carry any greetings or messages from the families. And that some of the friends had scrapedittle money to see if they couldn't easeittle for the prisoner a*

CAuTKR reports that the response from tho families was extremelyery few if any of the families hare been able to visit the boys, nor haws they been able to send anyonsequently the families fear the boys are suffering considerably. The families were grateful beyond words, crying, and saying that Cod would repay those who had scraped together the raoney and were trying to help the prisoners.

The person who makes the trip will ask the prisoners uhat It is day would prefer to havecigarettes, sweets, medicines,hen try to get those things most needed or requested,

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Among the Boldlerfl of the Base liilitar there is considerable discontent. arge ant there proposedember of the grotrp that he (the Bare coat) would rob the "ouRas de lan piezas" (firingendering the guns useless, If he oould get someone to take them off the Base.

The antl-CoTTaauniets are beginning to spread thewhy is the government arming the campesinoe. Instead of thefgovernment wants to give you anas, don'tead for the hills because what can you do against the army."

"Castillo Armas is coming, and he's not coming withunch of pistolshe'll have cannon, tanks, airplanes, etc,. Don't be cannon fodder for tho

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