Cldef of Mm Ion,
I'.rChief, Western Handepfaor*
Plan do Tctruclpalpa
KDaloeedield Inflation of El Plan dm Taguolgalpa which on available evldeuoe la believed to be CAlXToouS" political pnpojBa Thia translation wae node froa ea artlole appeerlnerronte,ew exile croup la Prorico City, the CRUK. Appearing en1 it carried the title, Loa Dedoe flebre La feat.
Thia nan la reported to Iwvo been published In El hipercial. Ouate-ale City, MaatlaTIait
IJ3CCUC notea elao that It wee polished in the EhL ediUon In bolotln del CP!Apr,
lu cjaldo. Caraoas, ofh oarriee an artlole entitleda, ^in vt-.icb refereeee la nade to the Plant the article la signed by CexloeazmLulaye Inane, L, Cx-KJKAJO Lira. Ttda waa part of the puMiolty for the CUelegates to wo Conferenoe,
5. URWl* recjueetahe ASdreeaee Stations olte any additional lubl'cttylanve received.
CT/pril lr^J, LletribnUoci
THE DIE IS CAST
El Plan da Tegucigalpa PuhlishecFin Pronto, Mexico City onu
The special mission of the State is toational spirit strong and unified in tha spiritual fieldeople healthy and organically capable.
He live in an epoch of social transformation snd we are awsio of the aspirations of the moment with glances to the future, but with the full conception of tha reality of our country. He cannot return to the past, therefore we should construct on solid foundations and that solidity alone can proride understanding of the realityation and its destiny.
fly every means and with every resource ve shall oorabat international communism. Laws ought to be passed immediately aimed at eradicating it from our country and avoiding its becoming enthroned ever again. An awareness should be created in tha people of exactly what Marxism signifies and tha problem of misery must be resolved on the basia of Social Justice. Tha urgent necessity of instituting the familial salary is recognized.
Human dignity, the integrity of man and his liberty are eternal and intangible values) but the use of this liberty against ths fortification and agrandizement of the country should be prohibited. Legal norma of rigorous obligations should Impede every sttempt directed at poiaoning, at disuniting or changing the destinies of the Nation.
Justice and peace in the world, aa wall as liberty, haveasia the recognition of the intrinsic dignity and of tho equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family. The lack of recognition and the depr nation of the rights of man hsve originated acts of barbarismto the conscience of humanity.
Ve recognize as an ambition of every human being the adventorld in which man may enjoy liberty of speech free from fear and misery as well aa liberty of belief, liberty of public assembly, liberty of movement and the other libertlea proclaimed by democracy and protectedust regime.
Human equality in dignity and rights will be proteoted. vie do not accept discrimination by reason of race, color, aex, language, religion, -political opinion, or any other characteristic of national or eoclal origin, of economic or some other condition.
The right to life, to liberty,and personal security, and theof slavery in any form, of inhuman or degrading tortures, psnaltiee or cruel treatwnte form the substance of our philosophy.
The right to be heard publicly and with Justice by independent and Impartial tribunals and the right that one's innocence may be presumed so long aa guilt la unproven constitute guarantees which should have effective reality in practice. The right tc indemnization is recognized when the verdict in the penal; branch absclVoa the. accused.
The prison program will be modernizediew toward the physical ana moral betterment of the prisoners whose human dignity will be respected fully and to vhon society will guarantee their rehabilitation.
Respect of private life, of the family and the home, of private correspondence, of the honor and reputation of individuals should remain fully guaranteed.'
The right to participate in the government directly or through freely chosen representatives and of access to public functions are the inherent rights of citizens and thus ve esteem and recognize them.
Capital end Labor
Work must be considered aa an individual right andocial obligation. Parasitism should be punished in accord with the laws which must be passed for that purpose, but it is an obligation of tbe State to employ its full resources in order to provide work for all who lack it and thus assure economic conditions necessaryroper existence.
The advantages provided to the laborers by social laws now in force will be maintained and sec ial" security will be Justly reorganized to the end that it take into account certain loans ah lea today fall passively
on ths conscience of the people aa well as on enterprises, thereby exhausting then.
Capital and labor must be protected by the State, thereby bringing these factors of production into close and effective harmony. Laws which regulate the relationship between capital and labor will take into account the social and economic conditions of the country, tho conditions and particular customs of each region, and the characteristics and potential!tiee of the different classes of activity.
An active campaign of education will be initiated which will aake plain the fact that the class struggle is destructive, prejudicial to one's own economic and social interests and which will explain thewhich cloae collaboration between management and laborer represents for both in the interest of Justice snd stability.
Those labor organizations now functioning find themselves organized and directedingle central unitotalitarian nature and of an excluaivoly political character. In reforming this situation the Labor Code must proclaim an effective freedom for unions and must, in the best possible manner, provide guarantees against that auper-labor organization which enslaves unions end workers. Reforms nust be channeled in accord with the principles of the International Labor Organizatioo which has drawn up multilateral treaties for Just this purpose. It nust prohibit all corrainist influence in the unions and in the labor movement.
It is an obligation of the State to make effective the right to social security, to medical assistance and to the necessary social. the right to insurance in the case of accident, unemployment, illness,widowhood, old age, and in all instances of the loss of independent means of subsistence at one's disposal snd the loss of protection to the family, to mothers, to the family and to infants.
The State will undertake the construction of cheap living quarters and housing projects for laborers. anning Council, which will be immediately created, will give special attention to this administrative natter.
The Economy^ Land, Cooperatives tjYtA'T'cv*
We aspire to that economicin *hich Guatemala willountry of great production. The best way to increase the well-being of the country, raising the living standards of all social classes andof the laborers and the farmers, is to attract national and domestic capital and to make use of the technical direction of the United Nations in the development of new sources of wealth which will insure full employment to the population, remunerative jobs, and an active commerce.
Capital and technical aid must be the object of special guarantees which will be established in treaties that take into account the two extremes: one, the avoidarce of monopolistic action and its privileges; the other, the avoidance of the expropriation of enterprises or theof its profits for political purposes or the like.
Specialized technicians must establish whloh industries deserve State protection and this Kill be the basis for the formulationew industrial law.
Immediately and in proper form we must proceed to the development of the total agricultural resources of tho country, to the creation of now fineos, to an agricultural industrialization aimed at the maximum yield and export of tho products of the land. With the support of domestic and foreign capital, and with tho assistance oflan for machinery and equipment must be prepared andtrong incentive must be given in irradiate form to the development of the cattle industry, setting up great breeding places for cattle in different favorable rones of the Republic and if possible in the plains of Peten, takingof tho experience of other countries in such cases. We will try to produce the greatest quality of meat to improve the food supply of the people as well as for export.
A fundamental question is to devise an effective chock on the erosion of our lairis with its cultivated plots at the foothill of the mountains.
The modern capitalistic system, humanized, is advisable for our economlc development. Marxism must be repudiated in so far as it provokes class struggle, nullifies private property and the incentive for work, and in as much as it leads in the end to the absorption by the State of all tho resources of production. ynamic cooperative orientation is desirable in order toecrease in the cost of livingigher level of oxistance. olicy which is firmly directod to the creation of the greatest number of proprietors without falling into the danger of "minifundion will be an objoct of special consideration.
Wealth has as Its first goal the improvement of the conditions for all those who make up the population. It is not acceptable that tho great majority live miserablyew enjoy luxury. The social laws must take their inspiration fron the economic realities of the country and must be applied Justly without favoritism and with full guarantees to employer and employees. Discrimination is hateful and disadvantageous.
In the plan for national economic improvement we will proceed toroad impulse to the investigation, exploration andof the extractive industries and in particular toMdrocarbon industry and its allies. Failure to make use of this wealth now is uneconomic for it is undeniable thathort time the industrial use of atomic energy will devaluate the fuels used now. Incontracts of concessions, tho technical direction will remain under the direction of industry and the State will participate in its benefits, thus giving confidence, security and guarantees to theof the indispensable capital.
Insofar as the Agrarian Reform affects the distribution of land It must be carried out without harm or waste to those enterprises of any kind which constitute well organized economic units, such as coffee fincas, sugar cano, banana, fine woods, vegetable oils, and so forth, and oattle and fruit ranchos and dairies. Consequently lands should be apportioned as legitimate property, notoan, to whomever aspires to independence An institution cf Agrarian Reform will be established with political autonomy and sufficient facilities to proceed with the division of lands belonging to tho State, substituting for political control tho technical assistance of specialized sorvicos end the financial aid which initiates new exploitations. Tho excessive holding of land and the usurious exploitation of campesinos will be prohibited.
Economic and social reform will be carried out for tho enrichmentgricultural production. The first will be realized through the following means:
inimum profitable' price for agricultural products;
Returning to the land, in order to endow itargo part of that which today the city absorbs in paying for bureaucratic services;
rue national agricultural credit which, by lending money to the laborer at low interest, will redeem him from usury and from Bossism.
Spreading agricultural and cattle education through the different sections of the Republic;
Regulating the distribution of land in accord with its condition and the potential placement of its products;
Regulating tariff policyanner which will protect agriculture and cattle industry; and,
Accelerating hydraulic works and rationalizing ttie uses of cultivation.
The social reform of agriculture must be carried out, distributing arable land in the Stare's possession in order to initiate family prope-tv and to redeem from misery those families who live in sterile lands, en-dewing them with new arable lands.
Plans for economic and social reform will be developed, sotting up agrarian legislation for the country in accord with the ideas ox-pressedhis legislation will be substituted for the present Agrarian Reform Law and its effects end consequences.
The reconstruction of the ancestral communes of the people as municipal property will be given preferential treatment.
The State must permit all private initiative compatible with theinterost and raust encourage those initiatives which aro beneficial. With the aid of foreign capital, areas of ba kward economic development must seek the means of initiating and developing their ownolicy of popular conviction must be directed towards an integral cooperative system in the use of nationalolicy which at the same time that it lowers the cost of living will raise its living standard. The establishment of cooperatives for consumers, for production, credit and banking, must be froe and voluntary; theof this economic-social system, aired at eliminating the misery of the great majority, will constitute an effective barrier againstaction.
The Family, Culture, Social Assistance
mother, and tho married couple must have the pro-
tection of the State which will seetrict compliance withCh HrXv* Paction. Familial inheritance ramil?ProtectiTe legislation. The organization of the
By whatever means at its disposal the State will endeavor to
asis for thc organization of the family, in order to ceaent morally and legally the relations which must exist Between married poople.
Adoption, in order to benefit juveniles, must bo maintained. Legal inqualitles between children born in or out of wedlock must be avoided for both must have equal rights.
The State must guard the physical, mental and moral health of infants, creating tho necessary and adequate institutions and accessories.
,of families who have six or more children underhesiS Sufficient rcsources nust receive the special protection
CD? Spreed of culturc ccnstitutcs an obligation of
the State. This education must include tho protection of physical health, moral and civic formation, and instruction and initiation in activitiesractical nature.
The magistrate must preserve and intensify the dignity natural
dignify the teacher economically, socially and culturally. Control and supervision must be strict, and rigorous sanctions must be placed on those who establish school or scholarship in centers of marxist dissemination orribunal of political propaganda.
A minimum of cemmon compulsery knowledge must be impartedsustained with the resources cf tho State. mustocial function intimotoly related*f* fi tendenciesto the aspirations of thalm>owerful support
for social unification, for social conscience, and for social progress?
The State will establish schools of arts and trades in eachcapital and will ostablish centers of rural education on the very land where the campesinos live.
Tho obligation of finea owners, of tho owners of factories and other great enterprises, to support schools for the peasant and laborer papulation must be made effective, and the State must determ ne the per-
sonnel, selecting the individuals and inspecting Its functioning. In the rural schools elementary courses of agriculture must be prescribed and practical agriculturists developed.
The campaign for national literacy must be active and effective. The personnel who make up the campaign must be reorganized in order to eliminate tho coirmunist elerents vfrich have filtrated into it.
The development of an integral policy for economic, social and cultural improvement of the indigenous groups must be carried out on the basis of the practices, the customs, conditions and needs of each one of these nucleus of population.
The right to education, to technical and professionaland access to higher education on an equal basis must be made offective. Evoryone must have access to tha centers of atudy and talent must not bo wasted through the lack of economicaw will establish the form of compensation to those persons who through their ability and achievement in their studies are worthyuarantee from the State of that economic support necessary for the completion of the professional career which they have selected, and for broadening their knowledge through specialization abroad.
The autonomy of the University of San Carlos of Guatemala must be maintained and the State will contribute to insure and increase the University's inheritance.
Public hoalth andassistance willeal concern of the government. rogressive campaign of sanitation will be instituted ard developed in an active and effective form. Social assistance oust be reorganized and developed throughout the Republic. The personnel must be carefully solected and the hospital centers must be endowed with all that is nocossary. Tho Roosevelt Hospital must be completed as soon as possible and duly equipped. The Planning Council must considerroblem of urgent resolution the health of the people and the aid that this project must receive.
The Economic Regimo and Public Works
a . id8 which constitute the inheritance of the State willand disposable with the exception of those which areits existence and
Private property as tha legitimate means for the fulfillmentfanlllal and social ends must be protected by the Stateagainst tho abuses of great financial capital, ofmoney
The State will supply technical instruction, administrative ativls nachinery caPital to agricultural collectives and ccopor-
Freodom of industry, of commerce and of work in general must be recognized and guaranteed. The author or inventor will enloy the exclusive ownership of his work or invention. Literary or artistic ownership is assured.
Contracts to exploit minerals orbonic depositsdrawn up not to exceed fifty years and those relatingeriod no greater thanears. The depositsand thoir derivatives can be exploited by the Statecompanies of Guatemalan or foreign capital, the St*.te toin the
One of the alms cf the government will be to makeich and prosperous nation, initiating and developing the exploitation of its natural resources and giving full guarantees to national and foreign capital.
Honor in tho management of public funds and probity in general must bo tho maximum realization of tho government.
Economic and Cultural Aid to Municipalities
Tho backwardness of the population, ovon in departmental capitals, is lamentablo and demands the iracdlate ottontion of the central In ordor to correct this situation it is necossary:
To create cemdttecs of citisens who will actively interest themselves in local progress end make themselves responsible for it;
To establish the principle that the proflta of tho productioniven locality must contribute to that progress, which means it must cede to theubstantial part of tho taxes on coffee and on tho other taxable articles which are produced in tho
o) Toody of technical assistance to thewith mobile activltiea in order to actuate local progress;
d) To localize industries and artisan works which are typicalurely local interest;
a) To activate urbanismystem of protection to the increase and Improvement of the inhabitants.
The cultural function must consist principally of thesports, the promotion of honest entertainments, tho foundationlibraries, aid to religious activities, the establishmentagencies in the most important areas with savingsexaminations and debates,.
The generalization and perfection of the ccaaronicaUon systemsrailroads, airlines, radios, teletypes, telographs and telephonesmust be achievod and the price of these sorvices must be love rod.
The State must set up and promoto tho creation and functioning of public services for potable water, for light and electric energy, in those places where they do not now exist.
The technical reorganization of tha Amy is fundansntal butis oven more doeirsble from tho point of view of morale. There can be no soldier where there is no honor. Honor is the Ufaoldier and without it all tbe merit and technical values which might be roused disappear. Either ono cultivates and practices honor or one cannotoldier. Honor is tho symbol of military virtue To make thoastion of democracy in Guatemala and in Central America and to instruct the soldier beneath tho standards of honor and in the spirit of sacrifice and service to the Patria will constitute one of the enda of this government.
Respect to and faithful compliance with the treaties andsigned by Guatemala constitute an irrefutable pledge.
International policy win aim towards the tightening andof relations with all the countrios of tho Western Democracies, based on the principle of loyal and sincere cooperation.
Guatemala vlll cstab'H'htrong anti-communist bastion in Central America ant. shero- enter the inner halls of theof Central American States nth sincere unionist proposalswith the reality of our peoples and will contribute toighting front against communism in Central America.
incere and effective manner, Guatemala will align itself in the vanguard of democratic countries and vlll give its ontireto continental solidarity and defense.Original document.