GENERAL- OPERATIONAL - SPECIFIC- WEEKLY PSYCH INTELLIGENCE REPORT, 26 APRIL - 2

Created: 5/4/1954

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

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CIA HISTORICAL REViEW"PRl5GRAIV RELEASEAS SANITIZED

DlSCATcrt NO

BSUCCESS RYBAT CLASSIFICATION

MTE:.

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MAY 4 4

Chief of Station, GuatemalaINFO: Chief, WHDj

Suba^ct: Operational

Weekly Psyoh Intelligence Report,4

Referenco: HULA-40

Once again reporting period waa narkedood of expectancy from all quarters, but this iltae it waseeling of Widespread talk concerning possible revolution or government overthrowilence taken by mostinformed. Gua teinplomoan that something may actually be browing.-fa and;-reaaitera&rathat' unpleaeantneas and danger may pOBBifeJ^^lie aliead%begjfittp^perietrate;^

While.enemy forces appoar to have strengthened their weakenedsomewhat during reporting period, thla has not been done at the exponas- of friendly,elements which, to the contrary, have con-

ore -thenoto on bo-

1.

y-^t noto

activities, and. th<

2.

tinned to solidify their recent gains, pressur.

mmf mm-

e'pro-

governmenttho possible removalgovernment

lear;Mootni'ori'with regard to; ita policy toi/ard antl-^ovornmenti^fa^^and^

CentroSAmor vent its wrath ogali

-D

'Claim on benal'f of the -fruit and TORIEIXO'e remarks worVglven wide publicity.

orts :weremade throughout^the week.to arc-y

nteres

ueatin

an -addltXoi

ft

pity, at.-lo on sidewalk

and aupport'i'Or Kay Day. activities and Guatemala flooded withostered and Tigris painted participation and docrying foreign; .intervention.

PBSUCCESS: RYBAT.

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Hayracie proved long ond colorful althojgh thearticipants, estimated to be fromell far short 0'*redicted by its sponsors. As in previousre-itof the marchers were confused campesinos who followed alontf aa directed. Although many of the floats bore masses dirocted gainst. and thc fruitignificant nur**er wera concerned wl objections to tho government's failure to provide salaries and other benefits as promis'jd.

It is believedy addressilder form than his lest major speecharch at tho openin of Congress. From his text, which devoted some two paragraphs toajnaJ.an and warned against underestimating the strength of the reaction, he appeared to be somewhat uneasy as to Guatemala's politics' future.

The COTG and the Communist Darty took advantage of their publlcit; and prestige as May Day sponsors to come out against certain DA!'as being anti-agrarian and to requost greater reprosontation ir. the Prente Democratlco Naclonal, and consequently in Congress, rospoct' Ively.

Confusion in the leadership of pro-government political parties was indicated by tho conflicting statements Issued by the PAR on successive days and the failure to unify the RK factions in dispute.

flthough CRUZ Wer denied reports of his removal from office and complicityomnunist plot against tho government, rumorsthe government's desire to replsce him continued during the week. Also, tha outbreak of rumors concerning the removal of Alfonso SOEOHZANO as head of the IGSS appeared to havo soma foundation.

While tho police nicnted somewhat of its policy of pursuit and arrest ofainters (seeho govornment took harsher measures to prevent unfavorable publicity when It announced that It wouldecroo) long sinoe promulgated but not carrier out to the effect that all private radio stations must submit copies of their programs to the Ministry of Government.

f the friendly situation

Last week's report stated that friendly forces "showed sand strength not previously demonstrated." It Is believed that this trend has continued during present reporting period and has been accompaniedonsolidation or "settling in" of opposition element?eveloping singleness of mind directed against tho govornment. While anti-Communist or anti-government events or action havequickly coased toatter of interest, intarast and coverage of recent developments, and particularly" campaign, have been sustained.

That public opinion had evolved strongly in favor of the "painter: and against polico tactics in arresting those whoas indi-cated by the fact thrt the Guardia Judicial announced onpril that

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Tf (ief5cJne governmenlTWTldTngs. This followed tho arreatupils rrbfo the San Sebastian schoolrotest parade by fellow studentsainted on their backs and bicycles, which received wide press coverage, and reports from outlying provinces indicating tnat the campaign had "caught on" in other target areasQuezaltenango, Puerto Barrios and

The opposition press continued its aggressive stand againstmeasures to control press and radio channels and the Asociacifinde Guatemala (APG) also came outigorousFrancisco^AEZA's daily program was dropped by tho la Telefunken (see previoust wasup by Radio

Support for the archbishop continued to appear from such small outlying towns as San Juan del Obispo and Palencia and it was announced that Guatemala would be represented at the anti-Communist congress in Mexico by the CBUA.

success of thecampaign, it Isthat the interest was generated and the spirit oftherewith will soon subside unless the fulltheo makeymbol ofs brought attention with the same effectiveness that was exhibitedmarking campaign

^lara M. Heagey ^

34

CMfl/GLT/EHB/cmhine

SEpffET PBSUCCESS RYBAT

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