NEWSCLIP TO FEDMONITOR WASHDC FBIS GRNC FROM FBIS RE GUATEMALA 1954 COUP

Created: 6/1/1954

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

[CIA HISTORICAL REVIEW PROGRAM REI-EASEJLfUU

R UEPSE DEM FBIS LONDON

TO FEDMONITOR HASHDC FBIS GRNC ATTENTION VOA MUNICH

OSCOW SOVIET HOME SERVICE JUNE 015PRAVDA ARTICLE BY BOROVSKYl "UNITED STATES MONOPOLIES ENSLAVETEXT)

A GROUP OF OFFICERS ACTING ON ORDERS OF UNITED STATES DIPLOMATS AND INTELLIGENCE AGENTS HAS CARRIEDOUP DETAT IN GUATEMALA. THE GUATEMALAN PEOPLE, DEFENDING THEIR FREEDOM AND INDEPENDENCE IN THE STRUGGLE AGAINST THE HIRELINGS OF INTERVENTIONISTS, WERE STABBED IN THE BACK.

THAT BOTH THE COUP DETAT AND THE ARMED INTERVENTION IN GUATEMALA MERE ORGANIZED BY THO UNITED STATES DEPARTMENTS! BY THE STATE DEPARTMENT HEADED BY JOHN FOSTER DULLES AND BY THE CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY HEADED BY HIS BROTHER ALLEN DULLES.

THE DULLES BROTHERS ORGANIZED THE MILITARY COUP DETAT IN GUATEMALA IN ORDER TO BREAK THE STEADFAST OPPOSITION OF THE GUATEMALAN PEOPLE WHO FRUSTRATED THE ORIGINAL PLANS OF THE INTERVENTIONISTS AND THREATENED THE BANDS OF THE AMERICAN AGENT ARMAS WITH DESTRUCTION.

REACTIONARY AMERICAN PAPERS REPORTED WITH ANXIETY THAT THE TIMETABLE OF INTERVENTION, PLANNED BEFOREHAND IN WASHINGTON, WAS NOT RPT NOT BEING ADHERED TO. EXPECTATIONSIGHTNING CONQUEST OF GUATEMALA FELL THROUGH.

MEANWHILE INDIGNATION OVER THE UNITED STATES AGGRESSION IN LATIN AMERICAN INCREASED THROUGHOUT THE WORLD. WORRIED BY THE FAILURE OF THEIR CALCULATIONS, THE AMERICAN IMPERIALISTS THREW INTO THE BATTLE THEIR RESERVES CONSISTING OF REACTIONARY OFFICERS CONNECTED WITH UNITED STATES INTELLIGENCE. SEVERAL DAYS AGO THE NEW YORK TIMES SAID THAT ALLEN DULLES WAS CAREFULLY WATCHING GUATEMALA AND THAT THE SUCCESS OF INTERVENTION IN GUATEMALA DEPENDED ON THE PRESENCE IN THE GUATEMALAN ARMY OF OFFICERS ABLE TOPLIT.

ANOTHER AMERICAN PAPER, THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR, ALSO BETRAYED THE FACT THAT AMERICAN SECRET AGENTS WERELOT BY THE REACTIONARY SOLIDERY IN GUATEMALA AGAINST ARBENZ GOVERNMENT. WHEN THE PLOT WAS READY THE UNITED STATES AMBASSADOR IN GUATEMALA PEURIFOY, APPEARED ON THE SCENE. DURING THE PREVIOUS APPOINTMENT AS AMBASSADOR TO GREECE PEURIFOY HAD ALREADY ACQUIRED THE SINISTER REPUTATION OF THE HANGMAN OF GREEK INDEPENDENCE. (PASSAGE MISSING I VOIDING QUOTATION FROM SAIN" LOUIS POSTED)

BY AMERICAN AGENTS^MONG HIGH RANKING GUATEMALAN OFFICERS, PEURIFOY DEMANDED OF THE GUATEMALAN FOREIGN MINISTER THAT PRESIDENT ARBENZ RESIGN AND THAT THE WHOLE STATE ADMINISTRATION BE PURGED. IN ESSENCE THIS AMOUNTEDEMANDOMPLETE CAPITULATION BEFORE THE INTERVENTIONIST BANDS. PEURIFOYS DEMANDS WERE SUPPORTEDROUP OF OFFICERS WHO WENT OVER TO THE ENEMIES OF GUATEMALA. ARBENZ AND HIS GOVERNMENT WERE DEPOSED.

APPARENTLY AFRAID LEST THE TOO OPEN CAPITULATION PROVOKE OPPOSITION ON THE PART OF THE PEOPLE OF GUATEMALA PEURIFOY TOOK CARE TO REPRESENT THE OVERTHROW OF ARBENZS GOVERNMENTOLUNTARY HANDING OVER OF POWER TO THE COMMANDER IN CHIEF OF THE GUATEMALAN ARMED FORCES, COLONEL DIAZ. DIAZ DECLARED THAT HE ALLEGEDLY INTENDED TO CONTINUE THE FIGHT AGAINST THE INTERVENTIONISTS. BUT BY HIS FIRST ACTS DIAZ, WHO BANNED THE ACTIVITIES OF PROGRESSIVE ORGANIZATIONS WHICH WERE THE SOUL OF THE STRUGGLE FOR NATIONAL INDEPENDENCE, SHOWED THAT HIS TASK CONSISTED IN REMOVING ANY OPPOSITION TO TREACHEROUS CAPITULATION,

AFTER THAT THE TEMPORARY JUNTA OF DIAZ WAS SUPPLANTED BY COLONEL MONZONS FOLLOWERS WHO WENT STILL FURTHER IN THE ASCISTIZATION OF THE COUNTRY. HE DISSOLVED THE GUATEMALAN PARLIAMENT, BANNED TRADE UNIONS AND THE PROGRESSIVE PRESS, CARRIED OUT ARRESTS OF DEMOCRATIC LEADERS. AT THE SAME TIME, AS MONZON ANNOUNCED, HIS CLIQUE ENTERED INTO NEGOTIATIONS WITH THE INTERVENTIONIST GANG LEADER ARMAS THROUGH THEOFFICES" OF THE UNITED STATES.

ALL THIS CHANGE OF JUNTAS WAS EFFECTED by PEURIFOY IN ORDER TO BREAK THE OPPOSITION OF THE PEOPLE TO AMERICAN AGENTS WHO HAD CARRIED OUT THE COUP DETAT AND TO PRESENT THE COUP DETAT

CHARACTERIZING THIS FLAGRANT AND OPEN INTERVENTION OF AMERICAN DIPLOMACY AND INTELLIGENCE IN GUATEMALAN INTERNAL AFFAIRS THE NEW YORK JOURNAL- AMERICAN SAIDj "THE ACTUAL HERO OF THE WHOLE AFFAIR WAS OUR AMBASSADOR IN GUATEMALA, CCORDINGEPORT BY THE AP CORRESPONDENT

(RATCLIFEE) FROM GUATEMALA CITY PEURIFOY DECLARED THAT THE MONZONS JUNTAS COMING INTO POWER CONSTITUTED "OURCCORDINGEPORT BY NYT CORRESPONDENT KENNEDY FROM GUATEMALA CITY PEURIFOY PLAYED AN IMPORTANT PART IN ORGANIZING NEGOTIATIONSEASE FIRE BETWEEN THE MONZON CLIQUE AND ARMAS.

THUS THE AMERICAN COLONIZERS DISPOSED OF THE GUATEMALAN GOVERNMENT WHICH HAD TRIED TO PURSUE AN INDEPENDENT POLICY.

THlfe IT BECOMES CLEAR WHY#TEb

ON THE GUATEMALAN PROBLEM IN THE SECURITY COUNCIL WHOSE INTERVENTION

COULD HAVE HAMPERED THE CARRYING OUT OF THEIR PLOT.

IT IS NOT RPTOINCIDENCE THAT THE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF STATE POSTPONED SEVERAL TIMES THE DEPARTURE TO GUATEMALA OF REPRESENTATIVES OF ITS SUBSERVIENT INTER AMERICAN COMMISSION. AS LABOR MP NOEL BAKER JUSTLY STATED IN THE HOUSE OF COMMONS, THIS COMMITTEEERE DEVICE TO GAIN TIME SO AS TO GIVE THE INTERVENTIONISTS AN OPPORTUNITY TO ACHIEVE SUCCESS.

Original document.

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