TO : LINCOLN
from ! Chief of Station, Ouatw.ula t
subject: KUGOWN Operational
Material for SHERWOOD Ueo
INFOi Chief, HMD
1. Transmitted herewith are copiesranslationeport regarding conflict between the Guatemalan Amy and the comuniets. The report charges that President ARBENZ is conniving with the cccKuniete to undermine the strength of the amy which le the principal obstacle in tho path of tha coaanuniste In Guatemala.
This report was turned over toy the ohief of the ODIBEX mission who claims that it was placed under the door of his officeealed envelope. Source remarked that he believes it was writtenember of the General Staff. Re also eaid that it ic the second such artiole that he has received. emarked that the 0DIBEK mission chief probably knows the identity of the writer but is pledged to protect him.
The reason for transmitting this report for SHERWOOD use is explained in the final paragraph by the writer himself i revelation of this information wouldlow to ARBENZ because it would possibly demoralise bin upon learning that the army ie not secure. If used, it would be wise to paraphrase slightly.
cia historical review program
Attachmenti eport ^ OLT/egl
PBSUCCESS RTBAT classification
Oueteasle, aad Id Ouateoala especially, tha Arig- la la aadaeat danger of annihilation because OoboudIbiiesperate ettenpt to expend haa placed Ita atteatloa oa the Peraaaeat Poree wbioh lt lmowa la sot contaminated with lta dootrlne and thereforeerious obstacle.
*utaaaar la not amtai found to atop this offsnaiva haadad ay tha President of tha Bepubllo, very loon tha Army of Ouateaala will ba aaothar Popular Army at tha aarrlea of Soviet Rasaia. a oot the flrat Urn tba ?reaid-ct baa triad to oonvlnce the O'ficera of tha Amy of the goodneBB of i'oa-aiM aa and tha dance* of Imperialism reprei'ntad by Berth America. At tha and of last year tharoeeting of aora thanOffloars aod said official apoka to than for aora than two hours with the seat negative raault imaginable end two daya agonother one of thaae coafersnoeswaa held at tha Heedouarters of the Oeneral Staff, Of oourae the excuse was that tha President wanted to give ai an explanation of the eltuatlon of the country. Both Internal and international. are asked to write down questions with ooaplete liberty aad without fear in order that tha President might know how we felt and be batter able to fire us an axplanatloa.
Of aouraa this waa not thst was limply because the President haa decided to assure the collaboration of the Army for sxpsnsion ends of ate ooauauslam and beeauts tha Executive la soared to death, Ie olsarly stated to as that If he knew ha did not have tha support of tha Amy he vtuld not take amy poaltlon; onl? the bod thing In this oaae is tbnt haeiled threat beosuaa taxing of bietory he epore of tha agrarian movement la Mexico and pointed out that there the profeaaloaal any, which evnrywhera laend bourgeois, had allied iteelf with tha reaotian and tha people had turned against lt to detxoy lt. Among his etatistlcs ha pointed out that ia2 WLLIQK HXH bad died to secure the Agrarian Reforna and hare
a strong tribute Host alto be paid,
sine* talith* pbyaicoleglOAl aoawat tolow againstthink thi* lnforneUoahaul4 b* and* known to th* anU-oonaunlatcan do eoaethlag an aey to theei withthat at preeent the Arao* le neteal tat td beoaueeefer waa attended by the Chiefs of the Organisations, thethe Schools, the peraonnel of the Oenerel Staff of the Amy and ofof national Defense end they ell la one voloe expreassd thateatl-domtnoAlete. *he rrssldsot an the other hend doe* net reeliMreasoning and for four hour* (froa ft In the afternoonacontinued hie explanation of hi* obstinate act1-lap*riallie aadhear one voioe of approval* Whileof yenkee inperiellsnhie disgust at the traatneat given the Killtery Klaaioneeonfidenoo with whlob they are aaowa the arsy laetallatlana andreterted te threat egalnet tboee who show any ayapethy toward
theee Military Hlaalona whioh he deeorlbed rs oonaplratora,
are already said, it van requested that he be asked questions and the Betsao Mayor presented about fivef questions noat of thes oonocrnlag aoBcanlsa end the aupport the governaent glees this nrty, bat they did not de any good beoeaee in answering the two qasetlene he considered less dnagereue,ediately vent off into an attack against inperlaHee and treason. Truly thi* officialolitical blladnees which will greatly hers hla aad whioh has kept hia fron seeing the enll-oofmnlst spirit which exists anoag th* officers and kin he persists in trying to convino* as with hi* periodical ooafereaoeei but with tuoh little Intelligence that he baa enly deoonstreted to the Offleere that alHIB 1ZTT OF XILlfAXY Is HIM -for hia the support he owe* the pertle* that helped hln ollab tha ladder to
power oomithe An? ui hia
abobc th* thine* pointed out tp hia wet our poor ni lit cry altuatioa
because thele In the jronteit poverty end we lack organised reservee.
Hotudlneatery mobilliatloB ehart ha* Been made up by the Osnerel Staff
but he thlaka everything will ba solved by arming the Uhor Uaiooe Uindleatos) (whose Beaten form the CoBaualst Party ishat solo,;hat era be ooneeived against the Any eeonse in the
Cults (ttnidndes) the political leiders could aore effectively gLra order* the*
the Oonnudlne "ffloax of the 'roope and to mates things worse when the presence
of any Off ioer Id tbe ranks le bo longer oo&Tenleat for tbe leaders, he can ha
made to disappear aod at thie rete the Any would soonopular out and
eae of th*Oeadearlo de wuerra".
A special reooanendatioo wet thecf the XfaeliiaUii "aWrvlele
de Cemi*fo&adee Hlllteres" with well-defined rentevj cf offiaiei political parties
h ae tbe FAR end Guatemalan "orkere Party, aotwith*tending the protest
of the Superior Oouneil at metiaaal Defease that they are not oeaonaleta end
that the Council le feraed by th* 2oae Coaaaaftora. Of oourse the dancer now
Uee in ttw feet that the Freeldeat fane promised the leaden of tbe political
parties that the Army vUl oolleeorat* with then and they will not oease
heir propaganda which sooner or later will make its effeste felt SVrapm not on all at ue.
aint ray of understandingawore he waaounmlat aadlaser, Castillo 'lor* a, ate. are net Ceamnirta eltheri bis liking ofooace from their both being eati-iaperlaliste;dootrlnetln Amerloa sine* it flgbta tha "dollar"that be will aot tolerate eontlnaed friendly propaganda toward!whloh oppreaeee ua with He power end eowpenia* whtoh absorb natloaal
rlohaeoe aad that thai mat aa considered aa thanemy for the? ara reepooeible far aettlaa the real of tba Central American oountriee agalnat Guatemala.
I limit araelf ta thlaelieve what haa been aaid le enough far rcu to realise the dancer of giving Commualem tine to aiaert itaalf ln vaatemala. To lnoraaaa tha feeling of impending dooa, the Prealdeat did not falter In atatlncreet shedding of blood ia neceaaarr to afflra the Agrarian Reform baaansa tha aaoa hae happened in all oouotrlaa that hareeform. If tba eoajeot natter of theefer to and vhleh took place the 8th of thla month xsjec la fires enough publicity it weuldacalfloant blow for the "residenteak la thla eaae weald aake hla inpeolent and deaorallaa hla beoause it proves the Uttlaour It) la thahat he onlyaall opportunity to free hlaaelf from hla woraa enemies, tha red leaderi.Original document.