GUATEMALAN ARMS ACQUISITION. (W/ATTACHMENT)

Created: 6/21/1954

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

hereto far roar Informationopych has bean preparad by this Agency sod furniabed to thar.-tary of Defense at hi* request. o not doubt that your sUff has most. If not all- of tba information ccnUlnod herein, but It struck ma that ths documenteU-organiaed and quito wwll-presented euaaary of tha OuaUnalan arma acquisition offorU with which wa ara moat familiarand that it might ba useful at leastheck list for your people.

Tour attentl'o la InriUd in particular to tha last three pagoa of thia mamorandua, which contain lnfomation about arma purchases and attempted purchases other than thahlpaent.

I understand thatf tha information contained in tillsmemorandum is tbue classified because of theof tba sources fron which lt was obtained. Ve requeet that beforeublic use of any lteoa of information hereinwhich you do not have from other sourcesyou arrangs to have seasons check with--

. eputy Director (Plans)

AtUchweot

cei Mr. Leddy

i Orig.tt to Mr.r. Leddy

1H

D/P

1hrono

1UCCESSL

hati

Tbe Bonor.blt Eohmri B. ABdereoo under Secretary efThe Pentagon

D. C.

proeiirement of erae froti tha Sort at orbit.

At ttrequ at of tha Director of Centrala transmutingor youre-wt cn tha Guateaalanf amahe "evict orbit, VhUe you have undoubtedly received much of trie intelligence already, thla round-up of the informationmay ba of interact, and la for auch United di seen! nation within tho Department of Dofenne aa you think appropriate.

c^SfliWafon8

Doouty Director (Plana)

Attachment

1hrono

1UCCESS file.

l/5u

GUATEMALAN PROCUREMENT OF ARMS FROM THE SOVIET ORBIT

Table of Contents

Summary

Arrival and Unloading at Puerto Barrios Security Measures

Admissions Regarding Receipt of Arms by GuatarBlen Officials History of Alfhea Coneignnent TransahlpBent of Cargo

Estimated Types and Chiantitioa of Arms Received Value of the Alfhem Cargo Financial Arrangements

Guatemalan Negotiations for tho Alfhem Shipment Previous Guatemalan Efforts to Obtain Arms Other Recent Reports of Arms Shipments

7

of Lading

of Johan Henry Llnd, Captain ofat KeyFlorida on4

Stateaont of Harold Haase, Vice President andGuatemala Division, International RailwaysAmerica

of Daniel Alfonao MARTINEZ Esteves and Jose

GUATEMALAN PROCUREMENTRMS FROM THS SOVIET OSBIT

Summary

The shipnont of inu fron the Soviet orbit to Guatemala on the Swedish flag vessel Aifhcn was the outcome of clandestine negotiations between agents of the Guatemalan government and Ctechoslovakianand commercial agents I the chartering, loading and sailing orders of the Alfhem were deviously contrived by the Soviet orbit supplier so as to conceal the true origin, nature and destination of the cargo, and the operations of unloading and transferring the cargo in Guatemala wore covered with secrecy, under close military guard, by the Guatemalan governmenta

The Alfhem sailed under blind ordersisleading course. Neither the captain nor the crew knew their true destination until within hours of Puerto Barrios, Neither the captain nor the crew knew for certain their cargo. Their suspicaalons were aroused, however, by the weight and dimensions of the cases and the strength of the packing. The crew was not surprised when tbe ship was net by military officers and placed under arfiad guard. Since that time tho Guatemalan Government and military officials, by inference and direct statement, have admitted that the Puerto Barrios consignment consisted of arms.

Had the arms been new, the estimated value of that shipment would. The known transfers of Guatemalan foreign exchange during the period of transaction, however, although they were much highernormal, indicate that Ouatemala by no means paid this amount of money for the Alfhem shipnont to the Ciechoslovakian supplier. What advantages did the Soviet orbit gain froa this bargain sale?

In spite of the carefully concealed financial and shipping arrangements, the falso cargo manlfost of the Alfhem, and thea.curity precautions maintained by the Guatemalan govemncnt over unloading the cargo at Puerto Barrios and transferring it to inland points, the details of the war munitions delivered by the Alfhea have become known. The mortars and howitzers, grenades and land nines, as well as the ma cbdneguns,automatic rifles and other items, appear to exceed by far, in fire power, nature and quantity, any forseeable Ouateaalan need for national defense or theof internal order, Guatemala's own estimates of its needs for ams and ammunition heretofore have been abouta year.

Final negotiations for the recent extraordinary arms purchase wero carried out In Prague during January and February,by Major Alfonso Martinez, apparently dealing at high levels of the Ciechoslovakian State hierarchyersonal agent of President Arbena, Althoughilitary title, Major Martinez haa no close relations with the Army, butolitically Important government post as Chlof of the National Agrarian Departaent. This agency administers tho controversial Agrarian Reformaw which was drof ted with tho assijtance of Jose Manual Fortuny, until recently secretary general of the Guatemalan Comaunlst Partynd pushed through tho Guateaalan Congress by Comunist pressure.

Fortuny spent two months in Moscow Just prior to the Journey which took Major Martine* to Prague, During tho same period| arrangements wero consummated for the formal establishment ofrelations with the Communist satellite governmont ofand the Minister of that country presented his credentials to the President of Guatemala onU. It was not surprising that ths date of this diplomatic accord coincided with Major Martinet's mldslon in the Czechoslovakian capital, where ho remained from Januaryo Fobruary 9.

This acquisition of arils froa the Soviet orbit is but representative of many other known efforts by the present government fron early2 to the present, to obtain solitary supplies In substantial quantities* Using as agents various Guatemalans and certain well known international traffickere In area, approaches on the subject have bean wade in most of the countries of western Europe and even In many Latin Ameri can capitals* The broadly Inclusive nature of this ansa qusat is comnon knowledge in military, banking and commercial circles of Europe. It ranges froa snail arms and low calibre ammunition up through anti-tank and anti-aircraft cannon, tanks, half-tracks, army trucks, and airplanes. These persistent, widespread efforts generally have mat with failure. Some comndtaiente and actual deliveries nevertheless have been Bade. Guatemala has received Cerllkon cannon and replacement parts,and numerous spare parts for military trucks, let oven before those acquisitions, Guatemala's military and police strength was more than double the forces of any of its neighboring states comparable in site and population* The delivery of ths Alfhom consignment, together with the possibility of further contemplated negotiations with the Soviet orbit,ontinuing source of apprehension for Guatemala's militarily weaker neighbors and of danger to the peace of thc Western Hemisphere,

In chronological sequence, the known facts regardinglfhcn and its cargo aro as set forth In the following pages.

Arrival and Unloading at Puerto Barrloa

On, the General Manager of the International Railways of Central Araerlcan Ouatemala City, received Information from the Terminal Superintendent of the railway at Puerto Barrios, Ouatemala,hip was due on or about that date with cargo for tho Ouatemalan government but that nothing definite was known as to class of cargo, quantity or origin. One Arturo Papadopolo was supposed to bo the agent for the ship and it was "understood" that the ship's cargo was "armament,1' y

Later the same day the ship entored and was recoived by the Minister of Defense of Ouatemala, Col* Jose Angolhe Director of the National Agrarian Department, Major ,'lfonso

Mar tinend other government officials. 2/

Sanchez requested the IRCA Terminal Superintendent

to providelat cars and as many box cars and locomotives as would be required to move the cargo without delay and asked to have the ship dookod immediately. No Ship's documents, manifests or bills of lading wore prosented or shown to IRCA officials, as requisite under normal conditions.

It. Effectlvo discharging began onay* Col. Sanchez Informed IRCA employees that he wished to dischargeay and desired that there be no delay due to shortage of cars, or power, or movement over the rallraod from Puerto Barrios to Guatemala City* On the basis of the Terminal Superintendent's estimate of costs, Col. Sanchez paid over to theeposituetzales onay. (Tho Guatemalan government was previously in arroara to IRCA for unpaid freight shipnonts. The cash deposit was to cover the cost of handling tho Alfhom shipment alone, although the cost of moving the AlfhcB shipment probably will exceed this amount.) U/

Unloading was completed on Sunday,ay. Tho first train with eight cars left Puerto Barrloa at midnight,ay. An explosion occurred under tha locomotive at KileCasteneda) aa It passedmall bridge. Pollowing this sabotage attempt the Ministry of Defense requested IRCA to supply six rail motor cars with trailers for handling troops and piloting the trains with the special Qovernacht cargo. An escort ofsoldiere and officers"accompanied each-train,

6, COay Onitaa Fruit Company employes at Bananera want on strike andonsequence TJtCAubaldiary of united Fruit) suspended service. All locomotive power and practically all equipment waa removed froa tbe united Fruit lines. The following day. Lie. Alfonso Bauer Pail, Government Interventor of the IRCA, requested reestabllshnent of eervioe. The Director Oeneral of the Guardiaol. Rogelio Crua War, and the Director of the Quart Js, Jadi' Major Jaime Rosenberg, aocompanied Lie, Bauer Pals to the o:

aooompeniea bio. Bauer Pals to the off loos of

IRCA to discuss resumption of service. uring these oonversationa, tha nature of the special Gowrnaent cargo was mentioned epeolfioally in the terms of "araamenta*. Colonel Crui Wer stated that tha Guateaalan Government wished to have this "axmaaent" moved as rapidly aa poeBible. Tbe General Manager of IRCA commented that IRCA officials had supposed the cargo consisted of armament because they had heard rumors to that effect. Subsequently In the conversation when any reference was aade to the movement of the cargo by tha three Guatemalans preaeDt, they referred to it aa "special cargo". It was understood by IRCA officiale In Ouatemala City that their Terminal Superintendent in Puorto Barrios had been lnforaed either by Colonel Sanchez, Defense Minister, or by some of hia party at the port, that the Alfhea cargo consisted of armaments. 7/

Security Measures

Col. Sanchez and Major Martinet went to Puerto Barriosarty of officials and remained several days at the port awaiting tho arrival of theTob the time of the ship's unheralded arrival until unloading was completed no effort waa spared to assure tho rapid discbarge of cargo and its safe transport to Ouatemalauard of troops was maintained so that It was impossible for unauthorized persons to approach the discharge area. There were twenty to thirty guards on the dock at allact made tho more conspicuous by the absenco of any military personnel on or about the eight or ten other vessels in the harbor at the aoae time. Tha cargo was diacharged directly into railway cars with tha ship's derricka and military guarda were on duty on all the railway cars, oheoking the cargo into thorn. he Alfhem crow was allowed ahore leave during the unloading. Regular United Fruit Company and IRCA employes were allowed to continue their normal work, but atrangers wero barred from the area and, Service Attaches at the port were kept under Even tha local shipping agent, to whoa the BflM bad radioed onay regarding its impending arrival, was prohibited from boarding tho ship and waa not given access to its papers,

Admissions Regarding Receipt of Aran by Guatemalan Officlalq

1, Guatemalan official efforte to maintain secrecy and to preserve the fiction that an innocuous cargo of machinery was brought by the Alfhea wore quickly nullified, not only by the flow of rumor at the harbor, which began even before the ship's arrival and by tha evident special concern of tho Guateaalan Army chlofs to take tho cargo immediately under their control, but by the character la tic shape and dimensions of tbe Items unloaded, although everything was closely boxed and some packages carried deceptive14/ Members of the Alfhea crow had hod previous experiencereighting arms axd were reported aa saying abo*it the port that while they wore tcld de shipment was machinery they believed it to being tho ualeaalmgy-two boxes ef laigu Pell

ini>*ef Ilia illupa, Qml aaattj"it

euiiUn', ef BMielilue pejaf, re aaaaaawajs; BjajaejaJ tha bmaak ami Uid aaa tea with aanila Uwo, jy

Byay, the Swedish Foreign Office Informed the press that the Swedish Government waa satisfied by reports from Ita own diplomatic sources that tho Alf hemargo of munitions, ho charterer of tho vessel nevertheless denied that the cargo consisted of arms. But the vessel's owners, convinced that the cargo had bean loaded under false description, then cancelled the charter, onay, at Stockholm. The owners then radioed instructions for withdrawal of the ship froa Puerto Barrios.

Public interst in the subject was now high in Guatemala as wall as abroad and official statements admitting receipt of arms finally began to appear. Foreign Minister Guillermo Toriello admittedress interview onay that the Aifhem cargo consisted of arms. nay the official government paper, Dlario de Cer.tro America, and also thc paper Huostro Dlario carried s'tate'raenTs by the Minister of Government, Auguslo Ch'a'rna'ud MacDonald, referring to

shipment of arms" to Ouatemala City. nay Huostro Dlario published and interview with Toriello ir. whlcn Toriello buTR haa* discussed with U. S. Ambassador Peurifoyhipnont of arms recently acquired by the Guatemalannay El Imparccal quoted Toriello as stating that thefhew was "the only ship which would bring arms "toay, the official Dlario degrlcantatcmont by Major Enrique Parinelib. Army Chief of Staff, in which he referred several times to the arrival of an arms shipment. Onay, in Mexico, Guatemalan Ambassador Roberto Alvarado Fuentes admittedress interview given the Mexico City newspaper Exct-lsior that arms had been receivod. Ho also implied that the arms embarked'on the Alf how at Stettin wore ofrigin.

History cf the .Mfhcn Consignment

As bits and pieces of information from Stockholm, London, end Czechoslovakia came out, together with the ship's log, sailing orders and falsified manifest, the history of the Alfhen shipment emerged as detailad belowt

lfhom was purchased one or two years ago by A. B.s ten, Uddevalla, Sweden. Tho company is owned by lustav Thorden and associates, and managed by Knud Nordendorph.

actual charterer offhom for this voyage was .'Ifof Stockholm, an independent ship broker whoCzechoslovak!an State Corporation, Czechofracht 2U/ Identified in tho Czechoslovak, as the (Csechos'iovakian State) Corporation forpaid the shipping costs. However, two othercorporations are shown onthem's loading time sheetnamelyTDn and "METROS". The latter lak Czechoslovak Economic Eullctin as "corporationforwarding," All thrco arc Cz^ch government agencies,

of complications in arranging paymentunds from London to Sweden, Alfred Christenson,obtained the services of E. E. Dean of London. Deanfrom tho Bank of Fn^land to effect the payments and was"stray charter" ay Christeraori, This was no more than aaaflftg Christensen agreed In writingko all responsibilityand financial aotters, he existoncu of this dummy charter

in London does not In Itself prove theature of the Alfhom transaction, because Dean merely played the role of expediting Czech payment to Sweden, with the full knowledge and consent of the Bank of England, ords of tho real charterer, ;ifred Chriatensen, and of tneTlfhom itself, howover, show witting collaborationlandestine enterprise. The Alfhom at least once previously/cnartered by Czechofracht, Ino' carry Czechoslovak goods to Coanunlst China, christonson also acted as charterer on that occasion.

Stockholm onay Christensen stated that the Alfhemonly of chemical and optical glassware end machinery asthe bill of lading, he named as shipper John Milles end Brothers,date it has not been possible to verify the name or existonco of Ho declared that the bill of lading was issued to the buyer andCaptain of the vessel was specifically instructed not to release theany agent or person other than the actual holder of the fully paid bill

of lading, Christensen claimed not to know who was taking delivery of the cargo, but later Indicated that it was the Guatemalan Government,

cooperated with the Guatemalan Minister of Defenseletter's urgent efforts to get the Llfhea cargo transferred toas rapidly as possible, and contrived so as to enable thoremain in port until the consignment was discharged. This was Inan appeal to Christensen by the. Embassy in Stockholm to orderto ceaso unloading and deport On tho night ofho finally agreed to do so, but two days later admitted tothe owner, thet he had not carried out the promise, "becausethat it would be no use". The same day Thorden cancolledand hlcsolf issued the further instructions to the

6* Bo actual violation of Swedish law occurred in the Alfhen transaction inasmuch as the ship did not pass through Swedish territorial waters while carrying its cargo of arms. However, the fact that the

VIM fcllUV

director-manager, Knud Nordendorph, went all the way to Copenhcgon to see tho Captain on his way out of the Baltic rather than havo the ship stop at Goteborg or Udevalla, would indicate that the Alfhoa was trying to avoid entering Swediah waters. The devious and unusual course takon by the vossol on Chriatcnsen's orders also bears out tho assumption that hoitting conspirator In the plot to deliver arms secretly from Czechoslovakia to Guatemala.

Alfhem departed Uddevallo, Swedenpril forbunkers and provisions, then proceeded to Stettin, Poland. Uddevalla, the Captain was toldepresentative ofmell part of the cargo might be "second-classStottin, the shipper's representatives denied thia. The shlp'a agent

there was one Mueller, from tha Polish government rgoncy "MorsknIs known to have handled previous cargo from Cicchofracht InWynia,agent waa responsible for the bill of lading and nan if est; theaccepted It, 2a/ From Stettin, tho Alfhem returned tobut did not enter the port. There Knud Nordendorph, ss stoted,veseol and oxamined the papers recoived by the Captain at Stettin,to homo waters, the Alfhem then proceededpril towardorders". The Captain bellovod from hia instructions that hethe vesselestination on tho coast of South America; hedetailed charts of tho Caribbean, Onpril, while in tho Bayradio Instructions were received to proceed to Curascno "for7 May, the Captain received instructions to proceed to Puorto Cortes,coast of Honduras, "for orders". The charterer then requestedtime of arrival at the discharging port, and onay, oneof'Puerto Cortes, ho was Instructed to tako the Alfhem Into

foot that tho ship carried eras seems to have been almostsecret" among those on board. Certainly theretrongtho Captain suspected if he did not know the true nature of hisof the orew members were certain that it cons lo ted of arms, andaware of their speculations. At leastevaen secretlydamaged packing cose In the hole and found tbe content to ba By the time he mads this discovery bo considered itto demand tho extra pay which the crow would have received hadacknowledged he waa freighting arms. Therehanpe, ofthe crew received some form of bonus for tho voyage. Ho evidencehaa appeared, however.

Transhipment of Cargo

all of the cargo from the Alfhem *as removed under military guard sear in IRCA freight cars. At the Gerona freight yard in Guatemala City, it was unloaded by the Guatemalan soldiers and transported elsewhere in military truoka. The firat three or four tralna were held under guard in tho Gerona yards during tha day and discharged at night. This effort to maintain ectreCy was later abandoned,. nusual security pre cautionhavo been continued, hovjvvr, to tho ext.-rtOiat members of the u, S, Army Mission, who formerly

8 equipment "as soon aa

it has been completely uncrated, cleaned and assembled,*

W.Z* at Puerto Barrloa consisted1

ad'U" & Thlsmu ofigned at Stettin,

which4 casesotalilograms, lo/

Uo went directly to Guatemala City. The remaining four cars were taken

9 pounds were transferred by air to unknown points. It la surmised that some of the latter packages^ to zaspa? toe prLclLf military base in eastern Guatemala, near the Honduran

delivered to Guatemala City by IRCA was discharged

US itswdistributionas the TO Army Attache In Guatemala has been able to ascertain, was approximated

nd the Second rae*rontjjuuit)o the Ordnancesa) atres. &

Estimated Types nnd Quantities of Arms rece^sd,

.il available from all sources to date indicates that the arms received are of German World War II manufacture. Uj The num-

qre 3 uncert^ln whetbertny substan-

aJMUnltlon included In this shipment. The manner

of handling the cargo does not Indicate that high explosives were carried.

oindividual who reportedly participated iathe shipment received at the base. Hllltar the arms have bien reconditioned, appear In excellont condition, and consist of the following!

(1) arge number of Czech-typem Mauser equippedound magazines.

<2> Biped-type Ught machine guns, cloth-belt fed,ullet

u

(5)

(6)

bo saBeo Lugerm machine guns mounted on tripod,

7 mm automatic rifles resembling the Browning rifle, exceptis loaded fron the v

m anti-tank guns similar to BS type with low silhouette and pneumatic tires.

Artillery Howitzersaliber betweenndo, mounted on wooden wheels with steel tires and equipped with steelshieldsf those have been unpacked at the Second Regiment), These weapons were crated In truncated pyramid-shaped boxes.

Many mortarsaliber betweenndarge number of hand grenades, black in color, that appeared toiber covering and resemblod the action end of the German World *hr II "potato masher."

Jailer anti-tank mines, packedase. These cases bore tbe imprintharopagno glass and were markedpparently to create the impression that they contained glassware.

fmaU veapona were shipped withquantity of spare parts. Ee described the ammunition carriedoi- opinion, to last the Guatemalan

Army for "the next ten to fifteen years," According to the source, no

ars, no tanks, do vehicles of any type,

no communications equipment, no technical advisors and no airplanes.

4. The foregoing Isocnarrative but fairly realistic estimate which would be representative of the total Alfhem shipment. Much speculation and many allegations have circulated on the question. Lfo/ Such reports tend to reflect, however, some of the exaggeration naturally arising from apprehensions of Guatemala's neighbors regarding Guatemalan military strength and Intentions* The Guatemalan Government, on tba other hand, haa tried to diminish the importanoe of the Ajfgeq cargo by releasing statements implying that the arms received are adequate only for defense and still leave the country weak in striking power.

Value of the Alfhom Cargo

]_ on consignment discharged at Puerto Barrloa was the sole cargo oflhip which normallyons. After unloading,fhem departed empty, onay. ons of arms had been new, the coat would have been, according to US Army estimates, jjj Guatemala, however, seems to have obtained this great quantity of roconiltioned equipmentargain price, to Judge by the known movement of government foreign exchange funds at the time, aa shown below.

Financial Arrnn.peny--'h*

1* During4 Guatemala completed an unusual and complicated financial transaction In which0 was transferred from the account of tho Bank of Guatemala in the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. The transfer probably was made to the account of the Czechoslovaklan National Bank In Switzerland, The foreign exchange Involved in this transaction was about five tines the normal monthly foreign exchange sales by Guateaala. Careful arrangements were aado to conceal what was going on. The transaction was split up and funnelled through seven New York banks and one New Orleans bank In several separate steps* These cloaking measures successfully hid the size and nature of the To follow it In detail,4 the Bank of Guatemala instructed the Federal Reserve Bank of New York to0 from the Bank of Guatemala account there to the Bank of Guatemalawith various Hew York Banks and one New Orleans Bank. Five days later,arch, these banks were la turn instructed to transfer approximately equivalent amounts,to the accounts of the Union Banoue Suisse maintained in those banks.ubsequent report froa Switzerland shows that "In late February* Guatemala transferred the equivalent in dollars ofillion SwissIn lateuatemala informed the Union Barwue de Suisse that Guatemala had drawn two checks on thia amount. pril two checks totalling almostillion Swiss franca were presented to the Union Banouo bank by the Czechoslovak National Bank (probably theanks ceskoslovenakaf the Czech State Bank.)

2, While the amount ef military equipment obtained appears tola comparison with the cash outlay here represented, athe contrast between the cost of this single arms purchasemilitary budget of Guatemala shows the extraordinary

nature of tho tranaactlan, as tha whole budget for all military costs0 and. 2 Guatemala has paid out ano far as can befor arms bought through Col. Hubert Julian.

Guatemalan Negotiations for the Alfhea Shipment

1. Final negotiations for tbe Aj/hoa. arms shipment were carried out in Prague during January andy Major Alfonso Martinez, apparently dealing at high levels of the Czechoslovakian State hierarchyersonal agent of President Arbenc. There ia

r

reason to believe that tha agreements, Instructlone. and finalpassed through Czechoslovakia^ and Guatemalan diplomatic

Major Martlnes haa been Identified with numerous previous Guatemalan attempts to buy arms. He la on Intimate friend and henchman of President Arbenz.Althoughilitary title, ba has no cloae relations with the Army, butolitically important government post as Chief of the National Agrarian Daportmant. This agency administers the controversial Agrarian Reformaw which waa drafted with the assistance of Jose Manual Fortuny, until recently Secretary-General of the Guatemalan Communist Party (Partido Gu^temalteco iil TrflteJoO. and pushed through the Guatemalan Congress by Communist pressure.

Just prior to the mysteriously auddon Jou ney which took Major Martinet to Switzerland and Prague Last January,Fortuny spent two months in Moscow, ffi/ Also present at the Soviet capital in tha some period was Victor Manuel Gutlerres, Comsuniet chief of the Guatemalan labor organization,

i. During the same period, arrangements were consummated forestablishment of diplomatic relations with the Sovietof Czechoslovakia, and the Minister of thot countrycredentials to tha Prealdent of Guatemala on not surprising that the date of thla diplomatic accordmisaion In the Czochoslovaklan capital, where

he remained fromanuary

5. inor but possibly related atrand in the net of political and commercial intrigue surrounding tho AJfhcn arms shipment la tbe fact Fortuny3 obtained for his brother-in-law, Mario Jeres Rivera {allaa M. J.he official representation in Guatemala for Caechoslovakian products. To do so, Fortuny diaplaced the long established representative, Jcse Polacok, by whom Jerez formerly waa

Previous Guatemalan Effort Obtain Arms

1, Guatemalan efforts to procure arms through irregular channels go back at least tatement quotod by the Guatemalan newspaper El. Icparclal onctoberhe Underaecretary of Defense, Lt, Col. Juan Jose Serra, revealed that Col. Hubert Fauntleroy Julian hod served Guatemala twice aa an intermediary in tho purchase ofnd again when bo procuredSwiss Oerlikooguns.* Tbe latter wero delivered during the week before the newspaper interview. Julian himself was quoted in the GuatemalanPrensa, Libre, and La. Bore, ofs saying that tbe Guatemalan Government was considering the purchase through him of an undiaclosed number of British Spitfire airplanes. In Hera ofulian declared that during the year he hadollars worth of military equipment including halftracks. He denied that any of the goods he hod obtained for Guatemalan were manu-factured behind tba Iron Curtain. The undersecretary of Dafanse denied Julian's claimurchase of Spitfires waa contemplated, "When we wanta said *wo will get them in the United States."

2. Hubert Fauntleroy Julian, the "Black Eagle oflamboyant Negro soldier of fortune who was born In. enezuelan mother and British father and now has US citlzenahlp.^Ty Be wasrincipal In arranging purchase of tha Oerlikoo anti-aircraft guns and halftracks mentioned above. Of thathe anti-aircraft guns were actually delivered, but arrangements never have been completed for shipment of tha weaponleaa halftracks because of export lloense problems. These vehicles now are legally In the possession of the Guatemalan Ambaseador in England and ore physically located In the latter country.

Julian's career as an arms agent has been widely publicized over the past several years and he has told his- story freely, boosting of successes and crying over failures, in so cany different versions that references to his activities sometimes tend more to confuse than to clarify the history of Guatemalan efforts to obtain arms. It is certain that Julian has obtained military supplies for the Guatemalan Government through the Swiss firm REXIM and the associated Italian firm CENAR.Misunderstandings or fraud in the financial accounting as well as frustrations regarding actual delivery have causedand recrimination between all parties to these deals. The present study will not be served by attempting to sift out the facts here. ri of the difficulty, however, was the result of lack of technical knowledge coupled with carelessness on Julian's part. It is no secret that the Genar firm deliberately took advantage of his lack of technical efficiency and delivered training ammunition, for example, in place of the hightype the Guatomalans expected to

Julian clfciraj to haveart in arranging the purchase of the Alfhea arms cargo. It is unlikely that he had anything to do with the deal so far as it involved material from Czechslovakia, Eut this does not rule out the possibility that some items he acquired elsewhere for Guatemala could have been transported to Stottin and loaded in with the AIfham shipment. Julian was in Guatemala onrecisely when final arrangements for the Alfhom shipment were in progress. He then returned ton March, ho was in Switzerland and then in Sweden where he tried to buy surplus Swedish planes and anti-aircraft guns for Guatemala, offering cash payment in US dollars.fc/ Prior

tohe reportedly bought fromjAKT Hamit, Ticnercansgaten SO 49 alftracks, tuo landing craft, and five largenfter the Alfhem incident, Julian was again in Sweden, and again in contact with the Stockholm firm AKT Hamlt. There was no trace of any contact at that time with individuals connected with the

abundance of information from many sources shows thathas attempted to obtain arms, airplanes, and military equipment

in almost every European country and In the United States over the past several years,Apart from the cases discussed above, however, no important information emerges except to show the pattern of persistent, determined effort,

in thia quest have been carried out throughchannels, through adventurous arms dealers such asand through Guatemalan diplomatic representatives. Inof these transactions move the Communist politicians,

7* Col. Augusto Morales Dardon, Guatemalan Minister to Belgium, and Juan Grajeda, Guatemalan Consul General in Antwerp, long have been suspected as participating In clandestine attempts to buy arms, Juan Grajedaormer protege of the late Foreign Minister, Enrique Munoz Meany, whoell-knoun pro-Communist. Under Meany in the Guatemalan aabassy in Paris,rajoda was associated with Carlos Manuel Pellecor, who since thon has abandoned hia diplomatic career to become one of the three principal Communist leaders intoday, Grajeda and Col, Morales Dardon were reported3 as In contacterman industrialist, one (fna) Pholling, with whom they traveled by air to Berlin in an effort to make arms purchases, Duringrajeda was reporting to Morales Dardon regarding ship departures from Hamburg and Antwerp with evident reference to munitions sought by

8, The principal officers of tho Guatemalan armed forces seem to have had little connection with surreptitious attempts to get arms. President Arbenz reportedly once authorized the Chief of his Military Staff, Col, Eduardo VEXMA1W, to survey with the Italian Ambassador in Guatemala the possibilities of obtaining aircraft and arms in Italy. Col, Veymann touched on the idea of trading coffee for

"fused by friendly western Hemisphor.

countries before recourse uaa had to the Soviet Orbit.

Other Recent Roporfo of Ansa Sh)TOn*s

lteMand lb Puerto Barrios during tha unloading period to tha effect that at leaat two aore vessel, bringing aras and emmunition war. due to arrive shortly in CuaSJL oily surveys were conducted thereafter by AUJSNA, Honduraa. Tnfmove-aenvs of soae forty vessels traveling toward or expected in the Caribbean

esults vere negative in

ah.activity of the Sviae fira REXIM and

eWo Ouateaala i. notnou 6lve the appearance of villingnas. torv>ponsible heads of the two companies

have responded only to United and specific reoueate or questions, and itie possible that they aay hava withheld other pertinent Information. REXIM was founded at Geneva? by M. Roger Siaonin. Th. companyaDd *WTting of raw maUrialsTandl?rt3 frtOTanufactured ort has dealt heavily in replacement ports, munitions ond arms, aa well aa large quantities of surplus American army autooobiles and porta. Tha firm ia represented by GENAR, S.he Italian International Development in. in Paris,D. and AFRICONTRA in Vaduz, with correapondenta In all countrloa. Roger More Augusta Simoain, who

3 of Swiss nation-

obert A,aturaliaed American cltlten. lawith tho Maurice Moubert, on ores dealer in Paria, also haa been mentioned in relation with their

3. hipment was delivered to Guatemala from tho GENAR company, through Colonel Julian's efforts, as followsi

reda machinem

reda machinea

ripods for above

7 aa. ammunition

a. ammunition

1 Mauser Cannon,m,

oundsm, ommuiitlon.

tU The Conor ooapeny shipped ataaea of oartridgea ens

ener supplied Guate-

mala0 rounds ofm, steel antl-eireraft OerlDcco-troeexia delivered eight boxeso-jnda, to Puerto Borrloa manifested as automobileexia did not obtain the oral Swiss export license and the suspicion arlsaa thot thli may hovemall arms shipment. &/

eflET

ojune y Rep0rtedS/ The sMppinp apentV^w* LorIgfJlated Swissle Coultre.represented tho Swiss firm

ay

m ammunition. He Sed that S as thi3of had drawn payment for it Dd

secondof tracing na would aoo.pt a

^rii^iniziTr essalso

Thro, ahl^ntaJS^-

a. Ammunition for Machine Guns "MP- ?fls

SbSS^sS?" ITS. 18

Jo Machines du

iSiallBWi

and not militarv tk-were for sporting purposes

weapons Lcovered

ft aUpp.r

90,

the Schroeder Liege Cccpeny and the consignee was J, Poiastk,male. Polasek, aa previously mentioned, formerly was the representative in Guatemala of the Czechoslovak Government Export Monopoly until that agency was conveyed to the brother-in-law of Conaunlat Party Secretary-General Jose Manuel Fortuny, The present order may well represent no more than an attempt on Polasok's part toew Import line,

10, Guatemala's urgent efforts to obtain arma and ammunitionto Spain early Accordingepresentative of the Conoreal was con eluded through Rexim of Genevapanish firm,illion roundsm, Mauser rifle ammunition to be shippedpanish port,llegedly this shipment was to go to Amsterdam, whore It would be reconslgned direct to Guatemala, It was incidentally stated that Guatemala has considerably in excesso. Mauser rifles (type produced especially for latinut haa only thereda machine guns noted in the listing above, to utilize anounds In response to MS representations, Rexim cancelled the order forillion rounds of ammunition from the Spanish source was canoellod.

Conclusions

has succeeded In obtaining considerable suppliesend military equipment, but has not boon able to obtainof ammunition. All of tho arms and equipment obtained is oldIs deficient in various ways,

can be expected te continue its efforts to obtainand supplementary anas and oquipnent to overcomecargo vessels known to be loading or at sea are stillsubject to watch.

ECJtBT

UNIFORM BILL CF6

The Documentary Council of the Baltic and InternationalConference

To be uoed with Charter-Partiea Code Nonet Congenblll

Shipped at Stettin In apparent good order and condition by Johnf London on board the good Vessel called thefor carriage te Dakar for order er s* near theretf as she cay safely get, the following goodsi

S

ases machineryvl; parts,and

chenicol glasspor specification

ACTUALLY ON BOARDi FREIGHT PREPAIDI

Dated at Sietecln,h4 /s/ HENRI LIND

Speclflcatien

to tho Bill of Lading dated4ALFHEM" shipper: Johnrothers, London destination: Dakar for order B

kos

Ncs:

3

asesases nailsases pickaxes

ases machinory sporeos

ases machinery

ases

ases handcoses machines ond

machineeases spare parts and

machinerycases Laboratory ond

chemicalcases laboratorycases fine mechanical

and opticalcoses disassembled

machinery

sses

HENRY HMD

r

Hy name ia Johan Henry LlHDo presently Master of thaALFHEH. ave been Captain of the vessel since AprilL Captain Johans becane ill. The vessel then was in Copenhagen. Previous to thisad been Chief Officer sinceyo ^Id my Captain's Certificate in Swedenave been with the UFKEH's owners since they purchased the ALFHEM, at whichent aboard aTchlef Hate. Previous to my employmnt by the owners of theas with the owners of the Salen Line for about seven yearsock officer. ave been an officer

On Aprilh, when the ALFHEM was at Uddevalla,eceived instructions fron the owners to procoed to Stettin for loading. lsoopy of the charter party between the .'JiOPARTYCS/JCTIEBOUGET EOHUSLANSKA KUSTEN, UDDEVALLA, ownorB, and AKTIEBOLAGET NAVIGATION,charterers, dated AprilU, The /IPHEM sailed fron Uddovalla on AprilU, and proceoded first to Copenhagen for bunkers and provisions, Ve lay at Copenhagen Roads and the bunker station for approximately 2lihours. Wo then sailed directly to Stettin, Upon leaving Uddevalla, it was my understanding that the cargo which would be loaded at Stettin would bo gonoral and other legal cargo, according to the charter party. Beforo leavingharterer's representative (from Donalfredo) mentioned to ncmall part of the cargo to be loaded at Stettin night be sons "second-class explosives". r, Mueller, representing the shipper in Stettin, about the snail cargo of second-class explosives. He Informed ae that there would be no such cargo.

The vessel arrived at Stettinrilu, andthe following morning. Loading proceeded in accordance withmade In the ship's log. The vessel loaded at awhich had two cranes for light liftsons). who loaded the cargo apparently were ordinaryI did not see any unusual security guards in the area, id notLatin Americans concerning themselves with the loading of theStettin, The usual military guard was stationed at the gangwaywere two other ships at the some dock in Stettin, one SwedishFinnish, according to my recollection, both of which were tiedof us. So farould see all of the cargo loaded aboardcame out of railway cars which wore pulled up alongside thethe quay, id not pay any particular attention to the marksrailway cars indicating their possible origin, but it was theof railway cars from various countries. The ship's agentwas the Government Agency,SKA AGENCIA* (Cable All vessels ore required to use this agent in Stettin andother Polish ports. r. Mueller was the chief tallyman inloading the cargo. He apparently represents the various shippersfrom Polish ports. ad previously seen him handling- careoin **

A list of the cargo to be loaded was not provided to me or to the ship's officers before loading bogan. Tho Chief Mate prepared the cargo plan on tho basis of his own observations of the cargo being loaded. Chockers also werehink by the shippers, although at my request, to check tho cargo Into the vessel. On the basis of the checker's tally sheets the Bill of Lading and manifest were prepared by the shipper's agent. The ship's agent obtains this information from the shippers, as mentioned above. Whon signing the bill of lading, it was necessary for me to accept the list of cargo aboard, as propared by the shipper.

All of the cargo was loaded by the dock cranes; the ship's derricks were not used for this purpose. There was no deck cargo loaded for this voyage. All of the cargo was in wooden cases of different sites. So farould tell the weights of the cases and cargo shown on theattached to tho bill of lading were approximately correct. The

largest esse taken aboard was approximately one muter square on the boss and two meters high. The cases in which the cargo was packed wore strongly constructed of wood*ad no opportunity to observe what was in them. Tho Chief Kate told mo about one caae which had boon damagedooden chest was Been inside the outside packing. In accordance with our regular practice, Ve repaired tha outside case*

I heard several rumors fron members of the crow that the cargo might notbo as listed in the specification, but it was necessary for me to accept the specification as given to me with the bills of lading. ad learned that the cargo loaded aboard was not that specified in tho charter, it would havo been necessary for me to notify my owners of this fuct, and then it would be up to them to straighten it out with the charterer. In addition,ad been aware that weapons or explosives verslso would have notified the owners, particularly because inase there might be violations of various safety regulations.

voya Hy wife, crew_

members of tho crew.

and the wife end son of the Chief Engineer wero also aboard,

During the voyage fron Stettin the owner of the vessel, KfcUD NOiDENDCRPH, boarded the vessel at Copenhagen, howed him tho papers received in Stettin, The charterer did notuper cargo to the vessel under the provisions of paragraphf the charter party for the vovaee. There were no passengers aboard the vessel during the voyage, son, and daughter were aboard, signed on as members of the

Onhe .'XFHEM sailed from Stettin and our orders were to proceed to Dakar for ordors. This was in accordance with the statement in the bills of lading, and also the charterer had informed in Uddovalla that these would be my orders from Stettin, although he was not certain, Dakar has been known to be an "order port" and it was my feeling that when we left Stettin that it would not be tha destination of tho cargo. herefore assumed that our destination would be some place on tho east coast of South America nnd to be ready for thatbtained charts for that area. id not obtain and did not have large scale navigational charts for the Caribbean area. ad no thought that we would be going into the Caribben area because Dakar is too far South foriversion and considerable time would be lost.

The voyage proceeded without incidont until ondeceived radio orders fron the charterer, while the vessel was somewhere in tho Bay of Biscay, lo proceed to Curacao for orders. Upon receiving the orders to proceed to Curacao forabled the owners and lnformod themhoughtight need additional charts, xpectedould have possibly two or three days in Curacao Roads and therefore would have tine to obtain charts for the order port. While the ALFHEM was still to the east of the Westeceived on May 7th furthor orders by radio to procood to Puerto Cortes, Honduras, for orders. This message was received In time for me to pass through Wirdward Passageoute to Puerto Cortes. essage asking for my ETA at the discharging port, adioed an answer giving tho ETA at tho order port (Fuorto Cortes), Finally, when the vessel wasone day out of Puertoeceived onessage naming Puerto Barrios for the discharging port. ave never before been in Puorto Barrios and had no harbor plan for that port. herefore radioed to the agent named in tho message which had named the final port of discharge, PAPADOPOLO, to bringarbor planntered the harbor. Upon arrival outside Puerto Barrios, hearbor chart out by launch. There are no pilots in Puerto Barrios snd therefore It was necessary for me to pilot the vessel into the harbor myself.

The ALFHEM first anchored In the inner harbor onh of May, Shortly after weersonniform came aboardHEH and ordered me to come ashore. He took ma to an officessumed to be the Port Captain's office. Upon arrival at thisarge group of military and civilian persons. Thoy Immediately asked maas the Master of the ALFHEM andaidas, tbay handed no tho original bills of lading. ook the original bills of lading and thon asked to see the vessel's agent,eeded assistance In

clearing, etc, ocated the agent in another room In the sane building, but ho informed no that he did not want to act as agent for the vessel* He led no to believe that something was wrong and that he was worried about losing his agency for other companies. He was very friendlyersonally and told meeally did not noed an agent and could handle matters myself. However, he did arrange clearance for the ALFHEM when wo were ready to leave the port.

The vossel went alongsids the quay on the afternoon of arrivaloticed that there were,onsidered to be unusual security precautions being taken. The cargo was discharged directly intocars on the quay with the ship's derricks. The military guarcs were stationed on all of the railway cars ond were checking the cargo into them. The discharging of tho cargo itsolf was handled by the regular stevedores. In all there were approximatelyoilitary guards on the quay nt any ono time. It was Impossible to ure tho shir's radioractical matter because it was necessary to takethe antenna to use tho ship's derricks. The messages rocei-eito Barrios were received through the ship's agent, and ryore also sent through the agont, .Ml members of the crew wore ponaitted shore leave. Upon completion of discharge, my copy of tho specification ottached to the bill3 of lading was signedniformed individualhought to be the Port Captain. He signed with the notation that the cargo had been recoived in good order and condition end without any remarks.

There werorther vessels in tho harbor of Puerto Barriosoro in the Roads at all times, essels could get to tbe quay at one time but the ALFHEM was the only vessel which hid military personnel in attendance at the quay while discharging while we were there. The vessels in the harbor were ofdifferent flags, including one Swedish; one or possibly two Norwegianj two or possibly throe Cermanj and several United fruit vessels. The harbor was vory crowded and there was not much space for us when we arrived.

Two cf tho crew members, an engine room apprentice by the nana of BO AXEL CAKXTS,elter by the name of SVEN BERTH 0HLSS0N, deserted ship while we were at Puerto Barrios after about fiveave no idea why they left the vessel. They had been ashore most of the day and aboard at night but thoy did no work duringday time. Several mercers of the crew had beard that they had stowed away on another vessel.

State of Florida County of Monroe

Sworn to before meh day ofh,

ET

I, Harolditizen of the United States, Vice President and Qeneral Manager of the International Railways of Central America, do solemnly swear that.

At about. on Saturday,emorandum! datedritten by Huaberto Clotti Caatpos, IRCA Terminalat Puerto Barrios, Guatemala, and directed to the Generalof Transportation in Guateaala City was received In my office. It stateship was due on or about that date with cargo for theGovernment but that no definite information as to class of cargo, quantity or origin was known. Immediately on receipt of thishecked with Mr. Clotti by railroad telephone, and he st&ted he had no further Information except that Arturo Papadopolo was supposed to he tho agent for the ship and that ho understood the ship's cargourther check with Mr. Ciottl later the same day and by the sane moans disclosed that the ship was then in the stream and was being received by Colonel Sanchez (Minister of Defense of Guatemala) and Major Alfonso Martinez, Director of the National Agrarian Department, together with some of the local Government port officials, but that In so fer as he knew there were no ship's documents, manifests, or bills of lading covering the cargo. Mr. Ciottl said Colonel Sanchez asked him to provide fifteen flat cars, and IS many box cars and locomotives as would be required to move this special cargo without delay and asked that the ship be docked immediately. nstructed Mr. Clotti to inform Colonel Sanchez that all of the berths were occupied at the Puerte Barrios pier but that Colonel Sanchez could order one of the ships te loave the pier so that the Alfhea could be docked. nited Fruit Company ship that was not working at that tine moved out Into the stream and the Alfhea was docked. as told that no IRCA or United Fruit Company officials or employees were permitted aboard the ship except laborers to handle the discharge of the cargo, as informed that Colonel Sanchez stated he wished the ship to commence discharging Immediately, but due to bad weather and other delays on their part, actual effective discharging waa not commenced untili, on the morning offter the discharging was started on Mayolonel Sanchez informed company employees that he wished to discharge twenty-fouray end desired that there be no delay duehortage of cars, or power, or movement over the railroad from Puerto Barrios to Guatemala City, When Mr, Clotti asked for instructions, onith regard to docking the ship, he was Instructed to estimate the cost of the labor involved in the discharging of the ship and to inform Colonel Sanchez that the amount estimated would have to be deposited before any work was done. This information was given to Colonel Sanchez, and on Monday,euotzaies with Mr. Ciottl to cover it. The cost to the IRCA may bemore than this.

The discharging during tho first three or four days was alow and only about eight railroad cars were dispatched froa Puerto Borrios every twelve hours but froah on some ten to twenty cars were dispatched every twelve hours,otalars for the entire shipment aboard the tllhjaa. Unloading was finished on Sunday,

The first train with eight cars left Puerto Barrios at Midnight, According to information given International Railways of Central American employees by soldiers who were aboard the train aa guards, an explosion occurred under the locomotive at MdleCasteneda) aa it passedaall bridge. The soldiers who were accompanying the train ordored the conductor to atop laaaedietely after passing over tha bridge aid on investigation found that bombs had been rigged on both rails overridge and connectedire leadingards into the swampetonating machine. The local nswspapersicture of the bridge and the bomb. Following the attempt to blow up thia train which was Investigated by the local military and police people from Puerto Barrios, Zacapa and Guatemala, the Ministry of Defense asked me for six rail motor cars with trailers to be plaoed at the disposition of the

Guatemalan Govtrnoent for the handling of troops fron these three points to the bridge at These motor cars were also for the purpose of piloting the trains with the special Government cargo fron Puerto Barrios to Guatemala City.

In connection with thia movement of Guatemalan Government special cargo the International Railways of Central America received reports from various employeea of the United Fruit Company at Bananera that the United Fruit Company employees were all going on strike onuspended railroad operations on the United Fruit Company linos but ordered service resumed when the strike did not materialize. However, onh tbe strike did take place and all International Railways of Central America train service on United Fruit Company lines waa cancelled and all locomotive power and practically all equipment waa removed from those lines. On Friday,he Government lnterventor of the International Railways of Central America, Lie. Alfonso Bauer Pelz, called me on the phone and asked that rail service be re-established. old himould not operate our trains through those lines unless the Government would in writing guarantee safe operation, assume all responsibility for any accidents, deaths, otc. nnd return to service tho rogular employoos of the United Fruit Company who wero required to operate our train service. Lie. Bauer Pelz confirmed his oral requestetter ofoeplied in writing in the same terms as mentioned to hia verbally the day before. On the morning of Saturday,ie. Alfonso Bauer Paiz, Colonel Rogelio Cruz Wer, Director Genoral of the Guardla Civil, and Mcjor Jaime Rosenber, Director of the Guardla Judicial, celled ct cy office at about'clock and Bauer Paiz said he only had two points to discuss with ae. The first was that he wanted all cars and locomotive power necessary placed at the disposition of the Guatemalan Government to handle without delay, and if possible in one train, the balance of the "armament" that had arrived on the steamship iifljen. nformed Bauer Paiz thatequestittle practical studyid not know how many more cars or how many more tons of armament was still to be discharged from the ship and sent to Guatemalalso told Colonel Cruz wer that this request appeared unusual to me because In so fornew thore hadn't been any shortage of cars or power since the arrival of the ship. Colonel Cruz Wer then aaid they were very Interested in getting thismoved as rapidly aa possible.old hia that International Railways of Central America officials supposed the cargo consisted of armament because wo had heard rumors to that effect. After this statement when any reference was node to the movement of this cargo by the three men colling on me, they referred to it ea "specialhe second point which Bauer Paiz stated he wished to speak to ae about was the reof International Railways of Central America train service In the United Fruit Company lines between Bananera and Qulrigua,

Froa the various conversations which International Railways of Central America officials in Guateaala City had with Mr. Ciotti In Puerto Barrios over International Railways of Central America telephone lines, lt was understood that Mr, Ciotti had boon informed either by Colonel Sanchez or some of his part in Puerto Barrios that the shipment aboard tho Alfhen consisted of armaments.

All of the cargo fron. the ALfhoa woa discharged in the Corona freight yard -in Guateaala City by Guatemalan soldiers and transported in military trucksestination In the Citynderstood was the Guardla de Honor. The cars arriving on the first three or four trains were held under guard at the Gerona freight yard during the day and discharged at night, but the last several trains were discharged Immediately after arrival at Gerona, upposed that the action in unloading at night at firat waaatter of secrecy. When the first train of Alfhaa cargo arrived at Ouateaala City, the Internatlonal Railways of Central America hod received no information fron anyone with regard to where it was to be discharged eo the train was brought to the Guatemala City freight yarda. About thirty minutes later several officers from the Ministry of Defense arrived at our

dispatcher's office and asked that thia train be returned to Gerona freight yard for discharge and thot all further trains of this type of csrgo be set out at Gerona for unloading. According to reporta to na free our officials and employees, each of tho special cargo tralna fron Puerto Barrloa to Gun tonela carried an Array officer and free ten to twenty aoldiera guarding the shipment.

In so far aa the offlciala of the International Railways of Central America knew, the ship showed no ship's docunonta nor documents covering the cargo which ia alweys necoaaary requisite under normal conditional In handling cars on our railroad theade out tha "consist liatn properly, except thct on their own initiative they described tho contents as "afrocho" (bran). Aa aoon ns this come to mynstructed our general superintendent of transportation end chief diapctohar to hava all such "conaists" corrocted to read "special cargo" or "Government cargo".

The dates given above, including that of ny interview with Lie. Bauer Paiz, Colonel Cru2d Major Rosenberg (stated to be, are correct to the best of my recollection without reference to ray recorda in Guatemala; they are in any evert :orrect within ono or two deya.

WITNESS

Sworn end subscribed to beforeOTARY PUBLIC in and for the District of Colucblch day

WASHINGTON,

E. J. Medill

eflET

Itinerary of Daniel Alfonso MARTINEZ Estevesi

4 -

4 -

Guatemala City for Mexico City, KLM, Planned to leave forKLM, transiting Canada,

Arrived Amsterdam; left same day for Zurich via Swiss Air (flight number not givon).

ebruary - In Prague*.

4 -

to have travollod Prague tc Zurich to Bern.

9tated he would be in Barn approximately

this period.

4 -

to Zurich to Amsterdam via Swiss Air,

left Amsterdam via KIMU7 for Mexico City,

Returned to Guatemala City (details not given).

Itinerary of Jose Manuel FORTUNY1

33 -

84 -

Guatemala City for Mexico.

Loft Mexico City via KLMor Amsterdam.

Route fromoscow not available,

Left Mexico City for Guatemala City via TACA.

Martinet travelled on Guatemala diplomatic passport; hezech visa which waa not attached to hia passport.

Sworn Statement of Harold Haaae, Manager, IRCA.

Ibid.

Bid.

Ibid.

ibid.

State, Guatemala,ecret.

Ibid.

Guatemala, Unnumbered,ayecret.

Statements of Alfhem Captain and crew.

Guatemala, Unnumbered,ecret.

Tela, op.

Sworn Statements of Alfhen Crew.

State.

State, Stockhola,ocret.

Statetockholm,ecret.

Embassy Guatemala, Letter to Raymond G, Loddy,ecret,

Ibid.

Ibid.

Stateexioo City,ecret.

,ecret.

Stateondon,ocret,

Statetockholm,ecret.

Stated, olj,.

Stateondon,ecret,

Stateecret

State, Stockhola,ecret. :.

|bld.

State, Stockhola,ecret,

State, Stockhola,ecret,

,ecret.

Svorn Statement of Ufl^fJ Captain,

liOii.

Sworn Statements of flQfQJ Crev,

Sworn Statement of Harold Haasa, Manager, IRCA.

uatemala,ecret.

State,onfidential.

Original Bill of Lading, signed at Stettin.

Statement of Harold Haase.

sr. ill-

State,ecret.

s. ill.

USARMA, San8ecret.

State Circularo London,ecret,

,fficial Use Only.

Statetockholm,ecret.

uateaala,onfidential,

State, Cuatemala,nclassified.

State BI Files.

56. mi.

57. State, Zurich,4

58. State,onfidential.

State BI Files.

State, Goneva,onfidential.

State, Goneva,onfidential.

State, Ancongen Hamburg,ecret.

H, I, Hot,

Stat*, Genera,ecret.

State, Stookhola,ecret.

State, Stookhola,ecret.

Original document.

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