RESISTANCE POTENTIAL IN THE USSR (W/ATTACHMENTS)

Created: 8/19/1954

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

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eate: km zaa*

CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY

INFORMATION REPORT

Potential In the USSR

o JuneACQUIRED

NO. DATE DISTR. NO. OF PAGES SEQJl BtMENT NO.

s

Karacbaev, pagehould read Kare.cho.vev.

ts

Following the procedure of the Board on Geographic Nair.os, it has been decided to use tlie local form for place narsee in tho Baltic States, rather than to transliterate then from the Cyrillic fora. Kalvaria, pageould then be giver. In the Lithuanian fora, Kalvarija, not ae Xalvarlya.

Kosak,lto be rendered as Kasak and refers to the Cossacks. It Isespoiling of Kazakh.

i IBRAIt SUBJECT AliD ARC* CODES

6

5

REPORT NO.

COUNTRY DISTfl. a? IBM

SUBJECT Resistance Potential in theOE PAGES 4

DATE OF INFORMATION Prior to June

PLACE

THIS IS UNEVAIUATEO INFORMATION

SOURCE I-

lUglgteYPOO Potential prior to lpff3

The Llthuaniana were oalled "bandita" by the Soviet government. They oonduoted open var agalnat Soviet armed foroea and aeourity troopa. The leaders were highly eduoated men, including former statesman, dootora, officers, eto. Theyentral headquarters and operated all over Lithuania. They hoped to foroe Soviet troopa out of Lithuania and to eatabliah Lithuanian aoverelgnty.

Source thought that there were atbandita". They were moatly Lithuanian peasants and their wives, plua manyex-Oerman, and ex-Soviet offloere and EM, and some Ukrainian peaaanta.

3- The "bandita" fought regular battles agalnat Soviet troopa. They had armor, heavy artillery, and plenty of ammunition, moatly equipment abandoned by the retreating German Army. Ho "bandita" were ever captured alive; all of them died in aotlon or ooanltted suicide.

4. Lithuanian peasants auspeeted of feeding the "bandita" and of knowing their hldeouta were ruthlessly tortured (llmba broken, fingernails pulled out, etc.). Source never heardaseithuanian revealed the hideout of partisans.

SBURET

miioioo

6;

At this time,

rera-rjo nrrxor or heavy artillery. Theirwere confined to killing Llthuaniana who accepted Party or government positions, became kolkhoz chairmen, or In any way helped the USSR in the colleotivlzatlon of Lithuanian farraB. The bandita hid la foreats and did not molest Soviet Army or Border guard troopa personnel, but operated only againstwho were betraying Lithuania".

Uhe Soviet government promised amnesties to bandits who would accept "kolkhozlvatlon". ewaccepted these offers at their face value, and returned to farming. At first these people were given land, butew months they were all deported to Siberia, uch ramiiiea from the Kalvaria7 area In theSSR were deported to Siberia. ore famlllei from the same area were sent to Siberia.

All over the USSR there were expressions of passive resistance to the Soviet regime. Souroe heard of the following exaaplea:

A. Peasants in kolkhozy neglected their work. They wereIn tilling the aoil, reaping the cropa, and handling their cattle. Deaplte flnea for abaenteeiam, the foreman (brigadier) haa to hunt up the peasants and foroe them to work. Many came three to five hours late.

b. Party meetings were shunned by peasants. Deaplte theof free movIeB, very few came to the meet Inge. eeting was scheduled, the Party offlolals, the women'a organizer, the kolkhoz chairmen, and the aotiviata (fanatlo Party members) had to round up the population and foroe them to attend the political meetings.

0. People emphatically refused to subscribe to bonda aold by the government, or to buy party literature.

d. Paotory workers did not complete their preeorlbed norms.

. ?e. The Orthodox ohx>rohee were always filled. However, Souroe

heard that all prleata were aeleoted and screened by thofavored the government.

priests permittedduTt

yervioeaioTy the HVD how and what to praaeh.

9. Government restrictions that the people moat oppoaed were:

a. "Kolkhozlvatlon"ot only farmera, but the factory workers, the middle class, and the intelligentsia were oppoaed to kolkhozy.

t. Armamentthe Jauk of consumer goods caused by the industrial concentration on armament was reaented by all the people.

*>. n volg.were exiled tohaCh,e* Autonoaou. "Obl..t" '

ll nativee of tbe Kalmyk Autonomous Republic In the Caucasus, and the Crimean Tatara of the Crimeanepubllo were exiled to Siberia or Central Aaia r"

In all these deportations, exoept that of the Kozaka, all membera of the groups were deported, without exception. The attitude of the rest of the Soviet oltlzena towards the relocation policy waa pity for the victims, and fearike fate.

20.

The flrat Soviet power to be disposed of should be the local nllltia, who were brutal, arrogant, and hated by the population. After the militia, the dlatrlctreand province (ieiil) Party offloiale should be disposed of. Souroe thought that the aeourlty foroea would not put up muchight against Weatern Invaders, but would buey themaelvea elsewhere and await the final outcome. The national minorities, auch as Lithuanians, and inmates of forced labor camps, would, in Souroe'a opinion, liquidate mllltla and Party offioiala if aided by the Weat instrength, orarge Weatern foroe waa approaching.

central intelligence agency

information report

Additional AOB Information

DATE Of info.* PlACE ACQUIREO

NO. DATE DtSnt

NO. Of PAGES REQUIREMENT NO. REFERENCES

sounce

SOVtCI IVAIUAIIOHS IH IHIIlt MHNITlVf.

CONTIMF It ItMATIYI

(mm my ur irvffllif

LIBRARY SUBJECl AND ARE* COOES

3-Ot.Okofi

(b) (J) (C) .

Wi

REPORT NO.

Czechoslovakia

SUBJECT Additional AOB Information

DISTR.4 NO. OF PAGES 4

OF INFORMATION 4

ACQUIRED

THIS IS UNEVALUATED INFORMATION

ilovlce waa used for jet

training with MIQYAK) aircraft and continued until

hen the latest division started forming,

" flbout 10 In number) wentfcM

7 out returned to Milovlce

Pardubice:

length and

was commenced in

cne runway was three kilometers in

some twin-fly; bombers would be coming there.

uypv-.

4. Bechyne , Ebeing built here

a new airfield

Emergency Landing Fields:

gap cut in the forest

betweenV and7 to be used for emergency landing fields.

CONFIDENTIAL

CONFIDENTIAL

-2N

-waa only one opening

for a* camera in the PUG which la directly under the pilot.

C

|there was definitely no opening beneath theenahe fuselage. There were also no cameras fitted for use With the guns. No information of the type of camera which would fit ln the existing opening.

a. all Sign waa given to each pilot/

an oblong aerial under plexl-glass on top

e fuselage behind the pilot's

c. Theadio compass antenna under the starboard wing, d.

i

there was no radar atin the southwest extremity ofAirfield | controlled by n the spring ofshot at tnis installationachine gunalert guards from Line were called out to attemptthe saboteur. They failed.

8. General:

a. Surprise moves to teat mobility were not carried out

b. The Army occasionally asked for two MIO's

c. Siebels were sometimes used for bombing training,using cement bombs.

were located as follows:

at Mlmon

and Ilyushlns at Pilsen. were made in Czechoslovakia

naa

different engines from those built In Germany).

(3) Hesserschmltts and Ilyushlns at Brno. (The Ilyushln was known as. It had bomb hooks under the wings but no rocket rail3.

HIG's had hooks which could be used for either carryinglong-range tanks,

f. Of the MIGecond

pilot tube, noneecona jet motor in the rear of the fuselage and none had rockets to assist take-off.

CONPlbBNTIAL

CONT/IDfiMTIAL

of guards irora ^owers-woura mean complete-assertion of the airfield

all four divisions were up to strength, tnere would beIQ aircraft.

1latest estimate of aircraft at the airfields where

cnese divisions were located la ae follows:

Line

90Zatec

80Ceske Budejovice

30Milovlce

The total period for wlnterizatlon or Bummerlzatlon of aircraft was eight days but the aircraft were never allowed to be taken completely out of commission. Such modifications as were necessary were done on the Instructions of the technical officer and the work was carried out In bits and pieces to assure that the aircraft was at all times imminently serviceable.

una tne

the time for refueling was fifteen ime for rearming was longer.

tnere Were two mechanics to eAc'n'or rerueling but only two armorers to four aircraft for rearming.

aircraft were covered with avamisn to prevent oxidation 7

- * * *

pay

personnel received greater than unsKiuea personnel. rates:

Draftees gtkrowns per month plus threeay.

Technical officer workingrowns per month if herafteerowns per month if he was egular officer.

An assistant mechanic working onrowns per month and no oigarettee.

A piston-engine mechanic, who was usually aofficer,rowns per day.

nnex A:

Radar Array at Pilsen-Bory Airfield

confidential

'seeo

CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY

CORF

INFORMATION REPORT

C)

Training Area near Prlnda

dati or info. 3

RIACE ACOUtKD

NO. DATf oiO. Of RAOCS KQUHMENT NO. RCFERENCE3

4

U

C)

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report no.

date distr. uivun no. of pages 3

references:

place acquired

THIS IS UN EVALUATED

i. ubttificatioh data:

l" lde' abphalti led fro" pllsen to hurnberg

3.

4.

.

mno jog

7- Village Civilian population

acua tea;uu anny men were stationed there living In'tents and in some of the village houses. ormer Catholic church was used Tor officers'mesa; enlisted men ate In the open. Most of the village5 In number) were damaged from the training; First-aid station was located in one of them.

large number of military trucks, Tatra make,

small cannons, and machine guns around and inside the village.

uins of Primda Caatle, visible from afar. II. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:

Morale: Morale among the troops

due mostly to permanent conflnemeut to um camp wniie in training and also because of bad food. Soldiers complained that only officers had good food.

f the enlisted

men had their head snavea oecause or some punishment; however, some Bhaved their heads because of hot weather.

I the men participating in the training area came oniy-rrum me army and the training's purpose was to strengthen battle preparedness. Training was in progress every Bummer.

ITDTOCr

of the training areas werevacuated villages;f

Enclosure

CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY

INFORMATION REPORT

of Merchant Shipa wider

Soti-obi transport

date Of info.4 Ft ace acquired

FORT NO.

4

NO. Of

REQUIREMENT

(11

C]

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RtPORI NO.

CHSTR. ib %mj

SUBJECT List of Merchant ShipsT NO. OF- PAGES 2

Of INFORMATION 4

REFERENCES:

ACQUIRED

ZLV AM IA i

AHDEAL:

passenger ship,wt. tons.nots,, built ln Copenhagen aboutears ago by the Danish firm BURQMEI3TER and WBIH. Badly ln need of repairs Routei

ross-ton cargo ship with bertha forwt. tons,2 years old, formerly belonged to the Hamburg-Amerioa Line. Route England-Germany-Scandinavian oountriee.

COKF^CTTIAL

-

BBRBBDiAi

PLEHANOV:

ross-ton cargowt. tona# loaned by the Sovlete,nots, made In Hollandears ago, recently under repair In Constanta for one year. Route: Western porta.

roas-ton cargowt.note,oviet-made and loaned to Rumania by USSR,ears old, has been under repair in Antwerpear. Route: Western porta.

rosa-ton cargowt.nota,nglleh-builteara ago, loaned by Sovlete Route: Western porta.

BOBSt

oargowt. toneld ahip loaned by Soviets, Route porta.

8 knota, i Western

I

MAN0ALIA;

SULDIA:

roatwt.nota,ade in Budapestoaned by the Sovlete. Route: Mediterranean porta.

oargorosswt.nota,uilt in Budapeatoaned by the Sovlete, Routei Mediterranean porta.

oargoroatnott, In all respeott the tane at the CONSTANTA exoept it wat built in Rumania in Turnu-aeverin7 and loaned by the Soviets.

thip. In all retpeott the

the flULLNA.

o

central intelligence agency

information report

Biographical Jjiformation on Rumanian Merchant Marine Captains

date of info. u

PLACE ACQUIRED

no.

u

no. of

requirement no. rd references

si xvr#EV7 XiH ^

REPORT NO.

DISTR. 4

SUBJECT Biographical Information onOF PAGES 6

Merchant Marine Captains

DATE OF INFORMATION January

PLACE ACQUIRED

THIS IS UNEVALUATED INFORMATION

SOURCE

emm ion

INFORMATION REPORT

River Traffic and the Rumanian River Flaet

DATE Of INFO.3 FtACE ACQUIRED

report no.

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no. of

requirement no. rd references

Ci

ez

WHO

REPORT NO

DISTR. 4

River Traffic and the Rumanian River Pleet NO.OF PAGES 2

OF INFORMATION 3

PIACE ACQUIRED

THIS IS UN EVALUATED INFORMATION

SOURCE

River Traffic

1. All traffic on the Danube waa managed by the River Traffic Directorate ofT. Thia river traffic waa of four typesi

Soviet traffic (trafioulbetween the USSR and Austria andoargo consisted of cereals and oil from thebauxite, pyrites, automobiles. Industrialmetal articles from Austria and Czechoslovakia.3 the volume of such traffic for theona.

traffic (traflcul national) consisted ofRumanian cereals, for various Czechoslovak,Hungarian produota. The volume of such trafficmonth of30 tons.

/

traffic (traflcul mllltar) consisted of cargoesmaterials for military constructions,sand, gravel. The volume of this traffic forof3ons.

traffic (traflcul local) In Rumanlar. waters,the month of3ons diversified cargo.

The River Fleet

2. Rumanian River Fleet includediesel tow boatsPP tow boats were used for cataracts. P tow boats were used for service in harbors to pull barges, etc.P tow boatsP tow boats were used to pull barges in transport.

3. Rumania also hadargee In its river fleet. The barges were divided into three categories: Category I, the best, includedon barges; Category II, includedon barges; the remainingon barges were In Category III. However, because of their great age, only aboutf the barges Inere usable for transporting mlnerala (such as bauxite from Austria to the Rumanian ports of Ismail and Ren). Some of the other bargee inere used for transporting lighter-weight cargoes of cereals. The barges in Category III were obsolete and had been taken out of service. 3 onlyarges were actuallyn the Danube and other rivers for transporting both Rumanian and Soviet goods.

i. Because of the poor condition of barges In service, great attention was being paid to the construction of new barges in the shipyards of Tumu-Severin nd Qalatl-BraTla. 3ew bareoo were under construction and many others were repaired. The combined maximum production capacity of these shipyards wason barges per year, but that quantity of barges, although badly needed, could not be constructed because of lack of materials, personnel, and proper organization.

CONFIDENTIAL

miiGioo

INFORMATION REPORT

Sites at Ccrnavoda and Petesti

Date Of- OctoberACQUIRED

4

no. of pages requirement no. rd references

[sT"EX

if x

s3

REPORT NO

Rumania

SUBJECT aaa Sites at Cema Voda and Petesti

DiSTR.

of information 3

place acquired

b:

c;

3:

this is unevaiuated information

SOURCE

I. IDENTIFICATION DATAI

Reference Enclosure No.verlay ofheeterna Voda, showing pinpoint locations of AAA aites in the vioinity of Cema Voda and Fetesti.

CONFIDENTIAL

: AAAach site Consisted of fourben. caliber. The guns, in a

box-type arrangement, were approximately. apart and appeared to be embedded in the earth. Each gun was enclosed by an earth and rock wall, the lnalde of which appeared to be wood. The wall was. in height. Source estimated that each gun barrel. in length and each appeared tomall funnel-shaped flash blinder. The AAA sites were situated approximately. from the double-track rail line.

7 and 8: AAAhese sites, P

having the same gun types and arrangement, were2 m. high. The distance of each of from the rail line was estimated to be.

these

9: Cerna Voda Bridgebridge had

not undereone_anyts construction and

originally built toouble-track rail line,

ain Hailonstanta to Bucharest. Double track, normal gauge. The stretch from Cerna Voda west to Fetestl was elevated on an earthen bed because of the marsh land between the two towns.

harfrouped in thie arW:. long, 2

7

-etal pontoon boats an old line

these boats were utilized In supplying andise and ammunition from the Cerna Voda area, or possibly were to be used in the event of damage to the Cerna Voda Bridge.

II. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION;

gunraverse

At no timegun barrels pointrn

higherngle from the

ature. As stated p

Since the gun site positions had not been changed during the

believed them to be permanent in evionBly, each gun site was enclosed by an

small wooden barrack-type building, tjarpapered 'poor,.

illet for the gun crews, tarpaper.

ow building.

earthen and rock wall. Small wooden bridges stretched between gun sites because they were surrounded by marsh land which was flooded during the spring rains. At each site

n addition, a

wuoueu uunuing, ..

(approximate) was observed at each site.

jbelleved It to be partially underground and probablystor*tre shack. All buildings were constructedgrouna because of the surrounding marshland. Smallgrowing around each site offering slight camouflage forand buildings,

verlay ofheeterna Voda, showing pinpoint locations of AAA sites in the area of Cerna Voda and Fetestl Rumania.

CONFIDENTIAL

(Mary Oblast)

Medical, and

Geographical Data on Kushka

date of info. Prior to3 place acquired

REPORT NO.

1

no. op paoes vf nt no. RD t

C)

Ifrl"" fr.

Ir I

REPORT NO.

snj-DISTR. *

SUBJECT Meteorological, Medical,Data on Kushka

PLACE ACQUIRED

DATE OF INFORMATION prior to July SUPPLEMENT

(b)

THIS IS UNEVALUATED INFORMATION

SOURCE

1. The physical and geographical conditions of the Southern Mary Oblast affected the troops adversely only during the summer months, and then those troops affected were ones who had Just arrived. All troops, regardless of origin, seemed to acclimate themselves readily to the oppressive and muggy summer heat and the penetrating summer sun. Although the summer weather was uncomfortable. It had no great affect oh the efficiency of the men. The mugginess persisted throughout the year but was not detrimental to the troops.

2,

physical and geographical conditions in theui xununeniB-can were the same as .those found In the Southern Mary Oblast. The natives tended to concentrate their settlements along river and stream banks. Beyond the populated areas one could ride for days withoutingle human being.

3. In winter, the temperature In Kuehka7 rangeddegrees toegrees centigrade. In spring, it went as highdegrees centigrade, and in summer, it remained

4. Prom April to October, the skies were cloudless and the rays of the Bun were hot and penetrating. Prom November to December there was an average total of three days scattered rainfall. From February to April the entire countryside was in bloom. Shortly after April, all forma of vegetation were scorched dry.

_Kushkar Hneverudden drop of temperature during the winter. At no time did the temperature fall lower thanegrees centigrade.

8.

in the Kushka area were Issued overcoats, but since the winter weather was not severe and there were no sudden temperature drops, the coats were never worn.

The troops in Kushka were Issued tropical uniforms consistingtraw Panama-typoinen blouse with wide loose cuffs and airholes under the armpits, linen breeches, summer underwear, summer footwraps and standard Issue boots. The men always carried canteens. On training problems, units had water in large plastic bags as well aa in trailers. In garrison, there were several water tanks and showerB to provide relief from the heat for tho troops. Salt tablets were not used; the usi; of saltrotective measure was not encouraged.

New arrivals were givenid training in heat exhaustion

Tne victims were placedhady area, their CloTtTlng

was loosened and their faces bathed with water. After treatment, they were allowed to rest. Those who had sunstroke soon acclimated themselves and "

diarrhea, and appendicitis werethe Kushka area. In addition, there was"pindlnka". It was caused by aburrowed Into the skin and left splotches about the size of The splotches persisted anywhereonth to The skin wa- left with ugly scars or holes.

roops were inoculated against tetanus, typhus, and dysentery. Inoculations were administered annually. They were givenombined form.

two or three inoculations were given each time.

here were no special quarantine measures employed on the Afghanistan-Soviet border.

12.

No psychiatric care was practiced among MVD troops.

Sulfa drugs and antibiotics wero available In sufficient quantities In the medical sections of military units for use In the treatment of infectious diseases,

1

15.

Organization of Sovroratransport

date of info.U place acquired

h 6

requirement no. rd6 references

C)

NtflTI

6om 6om

2P.

j.2k

J21

f| X #

1

RR EVi 1

u

CONFIDENTIAL

NO.

COUNTRY DISTR. 4

SUBJECT Organization OfOF PAGES 5

DATE OF INFORMATION January

PLACE ACQUIRED

THIS IS UNEVALUATED

was oneumber of SOVROM companies foundedfor the mutual exploitation of Rumanian natural resourcesby the USSR and Rumania. Capital investment in theseamountedn the Rumanian siden the Share of profits was on the same basis, except thatresponsible for all maintenance and administrativereduced its share of the profitsonsiderablethe Rumanians had an equal share in the managementcompanies, but actually the control waa held by the DSSR.

All key positions In SOVROMTRANSPORT were held by Soviet citizens. Rumanians held secondary or subordinate positions. The General Directorate of SOVROM Companies {Directla Oenerala Sovromulilor) was locatedarge building in Bucharest near Plata Romana.

cooperation with the Offioe for Sea and River TransportationCentral Committee of the CP (Comltetul Central -sihrough whloh political directivesand the Ministry of Air and Sea TransportationAeriene sihich controlled theof plans, the General Directorate of SOVROMTRANSPORT in

Bucharest controlled all aepeots of sea and river shipping In Rumania.

The Qeneral Director (Direotorul General) of SOVROHTRANSPORT waaoviet cltisen.Hla officetaff of three persons.

Assoolate Director Oeneral (Direotorul General Adjunot) was Xenofonumanian citizen of areek origin. Hie office alsotaff of three persons.

The Plnanoe Directorate (Dlreotia Plnanoiara) of SOVROMTRANSPORTtaff of aboutersons (averageei perhe Director was oneoviet citizen aboutears old. The Finanoe Directorate waa divided into three aervioea:

Financial Servloe (Serviolulndersupervision, handled all national andtransactions, working with the National BankStat) and the SOVROM Bank (SOVROM Banoa).

Accounting Servloe (Serviolul Contabllltati) verifiedaooounts of the Finanolal Servloe. its chief waa oneRumanian Communist

The Treasury (Caeea) took oare of all the internal expenditures of SOVROMTRANSPORT, euoh as salaries, offloe expenBea, etc The chiefumanian I-

The Teohnical Directorate (Dlreotia Tehnloa) worked olosely with the Finanoe Directorate. Ittaff of abouteraona. Dlreotor was Ionumanian oitlzen. This Directorate oonslsted of three servloes:

for Naval Construction (Serviolulwas concerned with construction and repair ofand river boats. Chief of thie servloeumanian citizen.

for Materials (Serviolul Materiale) was responsibleand distribution of materials needed bychief was Eng. Ion CONSTANTINESCU.

0. Service for Ports and Port Installations (Serviolul Porturi al Instalatie Portuare) was oonoerned with the maintenance of porta and port Installations.

General Directorate for Cadre (Dlreotia Generala cadre)taff of aboutersons headed by aheorghieumanian oitlzen. This Directorate was concerned with political oontrol ofpersonnel and handled all peraonnel mattera, such ae promotions, records, etc. It had three offices:

Office (BIroul Pereonalulul), of which VirgilRumanian citizen, was chief.

Office (Biroulhose ohlef was Inspector This offloe reoeived all the Information brought

in by captains and crows and used it to exerciae politloal oontrol over the personnel.

0. Legal Office (Biroulhioh took care of all legal

matters of SOVROMTRANSPORT. Its chief was one PUDOFF. a

confidential

seenoioo

General Directorate for Labor and Wages (Dlrectla Qenerala Hunca al Salarll)taff of about six persons. Its director was oneumanian from Bessarabia. This directorate worked closely with the General Directorate for Cadre, handling wage planning, personnel planning, etc.

The Special Directorate (Dlrectla Speclala)taff of aboutersons. Its chief was oneumanian citizen. Thisecret office and Its staff wore the uniform of the Security forces. It worked closely with the General Directorate for Cadre and the General Directorate for Labor and Wages and waa concerned with Intelligence (possiblyollection of character information on the staff, crews, etc SOVROMTRANSPORT personnel lived in fear of thie Directorate.

The Maritime Directorate (Dlreotiaocated in Constanta, Qara Maritime, was administered by the above five directorates of SOVROMTRANSPORT. It managed the entire Rumanian merchant marine. The Director was oneoviet citizen. The Direotor'e officetaff of three persona. This Directorate had five servicesi

Servloe (Serviolulonoerned withaepeots of maritime shipping,taff of Chief of the Servloe was Alfred TEODORESCU, a

and Treasury Service (Serviolul Contabllltatewas ooncerned with accounting and payroll. It hadofersons. Its chief was loan NICULESCU, a

c Technical Servloe (Serviciuloncerned with repairs and materials,taff of five persona. Its chief wasoviet oitlzen.

Station (Statlalso looated at oaraooncerned with radio communication with chips, andports and places, suoh as Moscow, Bucharest, etctaff of four persons. Its chief was Ion NEGOITA,citizen.

of Materials (Magazia Materlale) took care ofof shipping materials in large, prewar warehouses This servloetaff ofersons.

The River Navigation Directorate (Dlrectla Pluvlala) in Bucharest was also administered by the five Directorates of SOVROMTRANSPORT, like the Maritime Directorate above. Director was Gheorghleoviet citizen, whotaff of four persona. Thie Directorate was ooncerned with all river traffic and shipping In Rumania. The Directorate had three services:

Service (Serviolulhich controlled theall vessels and barges. Ionumanianohlef,taff of seven persons.

and Graphics Service (Serviciul Statistic elreoordB of all traffic and maintained charts ofother river traffic Ittaff of five persons. was Ion CARIANOPOL.

tsciioiuo

o. Accounting Service (Serviolultaffpersona, r*

the oontrol of the River Navigation Directorate wereof SOVROMTRANSPORT which controlled traffic and allto river shipping in their reapeotlve districts. werei

Agenoy SRT (SOVROMTRANSPORT) Qalatl (AgentiaQalatl)

Agenoy SRT Brails (Agentia Pluviala SRT Braila)

o. River Agenoy SRT Turnu-Severln (Agentia Pluviala SRT Turnu-Severln)

Agenoy SRT Bratlalava (Agentia Pluviala SRT

Agenoy SRT Qlurgiu (Agentia Pluviala SRT Giurglu)

organized on the same pattern. Por instance, the aaiati

Agenoylreotor and the following offlossi

Offioe (Biroul Mlsoare)

Offioe (Biroul Cadre)

and Treasury Offioe (Biroul Contabilitats si Casaa)

Offloe (Biroul Tehnlo)

Storage (Magazla Materlale)

General Directorate of SOVROMTRANSPORTlan everywhich was forwarded to the Maritime Directorate and theDirectorate for execution. The respeotive officesDirectorates were responsible for the fulfillment andof the plan and reported the results to the Generalcommercial part of the plan originated in INPLOTin Moeoow for both sea and river commerce. It fixedof goods and transport on the basis of internationalthe majority of which were nothing but Soviettoward various countries with whloh the USSR had trade Por examplei oviet-British trade agreement on adealt with the exchange of cereals for Iron ore. Rumania

had to fulfill the agreement. Rumania supplied cereals, transported them to Great Britain, and brought back iron ore to Constanta, whence it further transported them to the Soviet Union either in crude state or processed In Rumanian faotorles suchugust Works" (formerly MALAXA).

15. SOVROMTRANSPORT agencies abroad were: Harrison In London, England British Coaling, Alexandria, Egypt Phanariot Brothers, in Beirut, Lebanon

Schlper papadopoulos, In Pamagusta, Cyprus.

Comment:

Annex A: Organizational Chart of^SOVROMTRANSPORT

CONFIDENTIAL

| General Directorate of SOVROM Conpanie

of CP, Offlco for Sea and River Tranaportatlon

Directorate of SOVROMTRANSPORT i-

of Air and Sea Tranaportatlon

Directorate

Technical Directorate

Directorate for Cadre

or Labor and wage a

Directorate

Service

for

Naval Conatructlon

Poraonnel Office

Service

Service for Materials

Control Office

Service for Porta and Port Inatallatlona

Legal Office

Maritime Directorate

Exploitation Service

Accounting and Treaaury Service

Technical Service

Radio Station

Servloe

Agency SRT (Tumu-Severln

of Material a

Agency itialava

*: Organisational Chart of SOVROMTRANSPORT

Agency SRT lOlurgiu

infornation on

sovromtransport officials

date of info. prior tok place acquired

u

no. of pages lii requirement no. RD eferences

M in)

X 1

COUNTRY Rumania

SUBJECT Biographical Information on SOVROMTRANSPORT Officials

DATE Of INFORMATION Prior to4

DISTR.w* MM NO. OF PAGES 33

REFERENCES:

ACQUIRED

SOURCE

THIS IS UNEVALUATED INFORMATION

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Original document.

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