EXPLOITATION OF ASYLEE SITUATION IN GUATEMALA (W/ATTACHMENT)

Created: 8/4/1954

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

ROUTING AND RECORD SHEET

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CIAVIEW PROGRAMAi SANITlZEB-

CONFIDqNTIAL

RESTRICTED

UNCLASSlFIEf

Ii August

FOR ATTENTION

SUBJECT REFERENCE

C/VH JCPP/rfH

Mr.C

r.L

Exploitation of Asylee Situation in Guatemala

i Memorandum for Mr. Henry Holland, Assistant Secretary of State for Latin American Affairs, from Mr. Frank C. Wianer, DDP,1

The following is submittedentative plan foruggested diplomatic appeal by tho Ouatemalanto the Governments of the USSR and Mexico, asking the former to receive asylees now in the Mexican and other Embassiea.

X. Upon the release of the notes, the main thene to be followed by all Stations and for all media should ba: ThlS IS THE MOST LOGICAL SOLUTION, SINCE RUSSIA IS THE MOTHER COUNTRY TO WHOM EVERY COMMUNIST OWES ULTIMATEAND IT HAS BEEN PROVEN THAT THE GUAThMALAN GOVERNMENT OF ARBENZ, KT AL, WERE AGENTS OF THE KREMLIN.

A. Sub-themes to be assigned

are as follows:

Great relief is leit by the people and tho Governments at not being placed in the ombarassing position ofknownho are different fromasylees in that they are working for foreignand not those of their native Guatemala.

the Ouatemaj.iui vucuiiunists would continue to plot against the new Democratic regime of Castillo Armas wherever they went, they would have to be watched constantlymall army of police, thus straining the econocy and resources of the local police.

3.The plan doesn't really go far

enough. The asylees and all future persona Involved in the world-wide Communiat Conspiracy should loso

SEMtT

their native cltltenahip and all be sent to live in the "workers Paradise1*.

uncovered

by the new aojtuna strati on in uuawfffiala have provenall doubt the Kremlin inspiration and direction of the Arbens Government loaders. They should boto their mastersore thorough schooling. It is evident that the great amount of time thatGutierres and Pellecer and ail the others apent behind the Iron Curtain, was not enough toation of people who are willing to fight for their freedom.

Guatemalan Communists now ia

asylumools to permit themselves to be sent to Russia. Moscow would onlytopover on the route to Siberia. hort period ofexploitation, and after the issue had ceased to bo of great interest, they would certainly beof for falling to hold Guatemala against Armas and his handful of poorly armed peasants. Remember what happanwt to the Spanioh Coiaaunista who flod to Russia after tho Spanish Civil War. How many of them are alive today?

^Speculate upon themes of II

B. Exploitation by Direct Action upon the above themes for the purpose of stimulating publicity, keeping the iasue alive and providing "pegs'* for further exploitation byassets, are as followsi

orders to all contacta)

Full page advertisements in the leading papers should be placed by the SUMMIT organisation throughout tho hemisphere.

the con-

trolled front or the coiitrollec stuaent group shouldetition among their colleagues andcitizens of Mexico requesting acceptance of the offer by the Mexican and the Russian Governments. The petition would be given to President Ruis Cor-tines and to the Russian Ambassador in Mexico. A

-3-

small demonsbraLIon would be held In front of tho Russian Embassy at the time of the presentation, with sympathetic local photographers and the US wiretipped off. If permission can be secured from the localmall tableain street might be used to oollectith appropriate banners, posters, and publicity.

Selected groups in different

countries snouxutelegrams, collective andto President Cortines of Mexico, and tho Soviet Premier Malenkov requesting that asylum be granted in Russia. Telegrams should not bebut be subtly worded so that tho point is still gained. Copies of the telegrams should them be used to get newspaper publicity.

II. Upon the refusal of Russia or Mexico to acceptthe main theme to be followedby

all media should be; THE COMMUNISTS OF OUATEMALA AKh NOW PEOPLEOUNTRY; DESPISED AT HOME FOR THEIR MURDERIIJOS AND TREACHERY, AND UNWANTEDVERY OTHER NATION INCLUDING THE ONE AT WHOSE BEHEST THEY ACTED: RUSSIA. SUCH IS THE FATE OK THOSE MISLED BY KREMLIN PROPAGANDA.

A* Sub-themes to be assigned tc

are as follows:

was expected; since acceptance

of the-uuld constitute an admission by Russia

sewei

heir direction, control and responsibility for tho penetration of Guatemala.

TTfue thornyWese is now cVi*pe* oacic into4aps of the nations that granted asylum to the Commu-nists and now so deeply regret their precipitous action. It is obvious that no nation wants men of the calibre of Cruz Wer, the sadist Chief of Guatemala's Secret Police, and his special Assistant In Charge ofJaime Rosenberg, numbered among its inhabitants.

3.refused to

accept tne not*nui. since reverberations of the fear expressed by the asylees when they first heard of the offer bad reached the Kremlin. Malankov knew with what consternation the Communists of other parts of the world would greet the fact that, when thedecision had to be made, professed Cosnuniata had refused torant of asylum bynd its probable doom.

so-calledshould be

donewi nunegal background, analyzing the precedents set by the Nurnburg War Crimes trials and their application in the case of Crimes Against Humanityivil-war situation has developed. "There can never be any excuse for torturing andeither captured combatants or non-coabatants, and those responsible should be brought to same bar of Justice, preferably in Guatemala; but if not there, then possibly in the United Nations Organization."

B. Exploitation by direct action to maintain pressure on the Issue would take the following line:

.and/or continue all ac-

tion takencove; adopting the new line of "He don't want them In OUK countryr "If Russia doesn't want them, why should WEI"

pendant upon public sentiment in

Mexico atf preponderantly againstthe Guatemalanlack poster, signed by and purportedly originating from theCommuniat Party could be prepared and placed about tho capital city to this effect: ALL GUATEMALANS OUSTED BY ARMAS SHOULD BEXILE IN MEXICO. THEY ARE THE ONLY TRUE FIGHTEFOR THE PEOPLE'S

SESffff

DEMCCRACY. This would serve the dual purpose of Black by making it embarasslng for the Communists to deny, and yet at the same timeit too far for thera to admit.

III. In the most unlikely evont that Russia would accept the suggestion and would offer asylum to the Guatemalan Communists, the following main theme should be stressed: THIS IS THEBI UNCOVERS) AS TO WHERE UBS THE 'JLTIMA7KOF CCrSMuNISTS THE WORLD OVER.

to be axsignedfollows: -*

1.Thisery valuable pre-

cedent: Let's revoke the Citlsenahip of all Coinmunista and send them to Russia KCW; thus saving the trouble of doing it laterl

theirheir

persons >ius no doubt but

that they will be rewarded for their Job in Guatemala; rewarded for failure like Slansky, Beria, Paukar,tc.

stories on the

fear of the asyiees ana tnoTr refuoal to go to Russia. Guatemalan officials of the Armas movement can report of bribe attemptshose in asylum, seekingat any cost in order not to go to Russia. "Notes" could be produced at Headquarters toany such disclosures.

by direct action at this timeas follows:

ock funeral, with

pall-bearors in biacit carrying coffins appropriately labled with the names of promlnant Guatemalan Conxu-nista going to Russia. The first man in tho croupignffEHTE DE SIBERIA! (which translated literally scans, "We are coming fromho last manign warning two or three local Communists "not to fail in this country, else this will be your funeral tool"

2. Since they would have to pass through Mexico on their way to Russia, undoubtedly byele-

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gation could meet than at the airport on the occasion of their departure, offering them "going away presents of picks and shovels, coffins and winter clothing. The connotation would be only too obvious. The same sign link with local Communists as inbove, would also be displayed.

If DD/P's proposal is accepted by the Department ofnotice should be given WH/PV so that detailed plansforwardedthem sufficient time for

adequate planning and iVaefine assets.

t J

Wh/tv*

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