CABLE TO DIRECTOR FROM GUATEMALA RE GUATEMALA 1954 COUP

Created: 8/23/1954

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

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CIA HISTORICAL REVIEW PRQGiWM RELEASE AS SANITIZED

UGUST

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"O : DIRECTOR row : GUATEMALA .not Wl (PBS)

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SINCE RETURNING TO STATION, HAVE HELD CHMER8ATIONSCALLIGERIS*^PSEIMNTIO.

JzPSECANT AfO OTHER CONTACTS THIS STATION. FOLLOVT ING CONCLUSIONS HAVE BEEN REACHED WHICH BELIEVE REPRESENTS TRUE PICTURE ALTHOUGH SOME DETAILS LACKING*

SITUATION TEWS WORSEN BECAUSELITTLE POLITICAL SENSE.

APPARENTLY PUTTIM3 TO ONE SIDEOF PREVIOUS DAYS AND NODBYOPPORTUNISTIC ELEMENTS INCLUDING JORGE GARCIASECRETARY OF VICENTE LOMBARD0 VOLEOANO, FORMERWASHINGTON, WELL MOW FOR CCM.1UNIST TENDENCIES. HE HAS ANYTHING DO KITH GARCIA GRANADOS, BLAMED IN PALACE AND CLOSENESS TO GOVTTHAT CALLIGERIS HAS DINED WITH HIU AND CONSULTED HIUMATTERS. |

A CC^dTtHK MESSAGE

IT IS FORBIOOO 10

TOLD BANfTlSTER1>AS

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responsibleugust uprising, zpseoant

oas loyal and acted correctly,

esquire that he leaving on long tour

including zrmetal trip around ZO september. stated heeffort calligeris to dispose him but professedquietly. professed hope be able get govt on soundhis departureo stated, believe correctly, that hejunta has done real work in setting up govttrueis hard corker and knows way around govt

departments.

others jasO trying cut ground out from under ant i

coxiunists AND weakenno popularity

out does have some army support. cannot see howIN junta. problem is hoh

get him out without trouble if he refuses to leave

zpsemantic calligeris and others desire.

ant! communists groups withew others have eagerly awaiteovsetff he only one capable solving situation andpolitical guidance.

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UGUST)

CALLIGERIS HAS MADE SOME MILITARYPOLITICAL ENDS WHICH MERIT CONS ^DERATION. ON 16 CEUA PICKED SOLDIERS FROM CANALES REGION WEREINTO BASE UILITAROLDIERS WHO COULD

NOT BE TRUSTED WERE RELEASED* THIS MOVE GIVESCALLIGERIS PICKED BUTSTRONG

CONTROL POTENTIALLY OVER THIS KEY MILITARY INSTALLATION. AT SAMEICKED MEN UNDER EDUAROO TARACENA, CEUA LEADER? HAVE BEEN POSTED AS PALACE GUARD. URTHER GROUPICKED MEN WILL BE PLACED IN THE GUARD IA DEL HONOR ONUGUST.

TOLD BANNISTER EVENINGUGUSTNEEDS AID IN IMMEDIATELY OBTAINING TOO ARMORED SCOUTPALACE GUARD. BANNISTER REFERRED HIM TO JvJBLUG.

S. ZPSEHANTIC TOLD CLOVER NOONUGUST THAT HEARMED MEN CONCENTRATING IN CITY WHICH WILL ACT INNECESSARY TO ENSURE THATOMMUNIST CAUSE ISBY PALACE ORNCOMPETENCE. OBVIOUS THAT HAVE CHECKED AND ZPSEMANTIC STORYRUE,

MORE BEING ARMED DAILY.

BANNISTERUGUST MORNING THAT HE

HOPES REACH WORKING AGREEMENT WITH CALLIGERIS BUT WHEN ASKED

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WHAT REACTtON WOULD OE IF THIS PROVED IMPOSSIBLE AND ITOVERTHROW CALLIGERIS BANNISTER REPLIED THAT ITHE AND CALLIGERIS REACH WORKING AGREEMENT* THAT HQS OONSIDER POSSIBILITY THAT

MAY RISE AGAINST CALLIGERIS AS LAST RESORT IF THEY FIND IT IMPOSSIBLE CONTINUE COLLABORATE WITH HIM.

K. ZPSEMANTIC, CORONADO LIRA, MARIO SANDOVAL, ESSENCE, AND OTHER KEY ANTI COMMUNISTS AND GOVT FIGURES FACING DiLEMMA CONCERNING THEIR FUTURE ACTIONS, ONE HANDOT WISH JETTISON CALLIGERIS WHO STILL POPULAR HERO. THEY CONSIDER SUPPORTING HIM DESIRABLE BUT ONLY UP TO POINT VH ERE THEY CAN CONTINUE DOING SO WITHOUT SACRIFICING ANTI COMMUNIST CAUSE AND THEIR ON OTHER HAND, BREAK WITH CALLIGERIS WOULD PLAY INTO ARMY AND POSSIBLY COMMUNIST HANDS UNLESS THIS ACCOMPANIED BY SUCCESSFUL MOVEMENT WHICH WOULD CONTROL COUNTRY.

L. AVAILABLE INFO INDICATESSTRONG

SUPPORT IN WESTERN PART OF COUNTRY WHILE

AND CEUA BELIEVE THEY CONTROL EASTERN PART INCLUDING BASES OF ZACAPA, JUTIAPA. PUERTO BARRIOS, AND JALAPA.

U, MEANWHILE CALLIGERIS PROMISED BANNISTER THAT HE

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INTENDS DIVIDE AIR FORCE BETWEEN PUERTO SAN JOSEPUERTO BARRIOS, STRENGTHENUICHE, 2ACAPA GARRISONS TO POINT WHERE THESE WILL HAVE TWO COMPANIESM MORTARS, TWO COMPANIESM MORTARS, AND TWO COMPANIES HEAVY WEAPONS EACH PLUS ONE OBSERVATION PLANE. EACH WILL MAKE DAILY FLIGHTS OVER SURROUNDING COUNTRYSIDE. AT SAME TIME THESE KEY BASES WILL BECOME CENTERS OF INTENSIVE TRAINING OFOMMUNIST ARMY RESERVE FOR FUTURE EVENTUALITIES.

N. HAVE DELAYED ADVISING THIS DATA WHILE CHECKING AND ATTEMPTING FIT INTO OVERALL PICTURE.

0. CRUCIAL MEETING BETWEEN CALLIGERIS 0 BE HELDUGUST AND CONSIDER. FUTURE PEACE US BURNT DEPENDS OUTCOME this MEETING.

"V, AS SUGGESTION BELIEVE FOLLOWING SHOULD BEBE REMOVED FROM JUNTA AND SENT ABROAD ON DIPLO-

MATIC MISS ION0 CALLIGERIS AND ZPSECANT SHOULD INVITE

TOTHEM 'ON JUNTA WHILE AGREEING TO

TICAL PUN WHICH HAS SUPPORT KEYOMMUNIST FIGURES NOW OCCUPYING IMPORTANT POSITIONS IN GOVERNMENT.

TO JUNTA WOULD OFFER TREMENDOUS

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ADVANTAGES INCLUDING BUILT IN CHECK AND BALANCES PLUSVALUE OFMEMBER OF GOVERNMENT. HAViNOt, GARBLED] BEING) EMINENCEANY real POWER WOULD PROBABLY BE UWORKABLECOULD ALWAYS REFUSE FOLLOW ADVICE OR DRAG FEETOUT PLANS. MEMBER OF JUNTA HE COULDPROGRAM CARRIED OUT. MOREOVER WISEAS WELL AS AUTHORITY.

li. THESE MATTERS HAVE BEEN DISCUSSED WITH JMBLUG WHO IS IN GENERAL AGREEMENT,

So RECOGNIZE THIS POLICY MATTERCALLI-

GERIS HAVE ASKED BANNISTER FOR ADVICE. CALLIGERIS URGENTLY ASKED FOR INSTRUCT!ONS.

END OF MESSAGE.

CABLE SECRETARIAT COUUENT:

NOTIFIED OF

RECEIPT OF THIS MESSAGE3

B. TREATED AS RYBAT PBSUCCESS.

Original document.

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