FIGHTER AIRCRAFT PRODUCTION IN THE USSR

Created: 1/19/1955

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CURRENT SUPPORT MEMORANDUM

FIGHTER AIRCRAFT PRODXTION IN THE USSR

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND REPORTS

CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY

Thii report represent! ihe immediate views of (he originating intelligence component* of the Office of Research and Report*.. Comment* are solicited.

IRCRAFTN TIE USSR

At the beginninga the Soviet fighter establishment, composed of Falconss) and Frescoseeded an all-weather interceptor. In addition, it.needed an improved fighter interceptor to keep pace with Western development and production of fighters and bcabers, especiallynd. Canberra. By the endu it appeared fairly certain that the Soviets had an all-weather^^tarcaptor in operational units and that, in addition,hange-overs were being made in factories producing filters. Production of KIDGET ('J-MIO-lS) trainers probably :iasUSSR factories and ono Czechoslovakiaere producing themU. Employment cf Falconseeondaiy role as ground attack aircraft continuedu.

ontinuing importanceodels in the aviation industry, the past year was noteworthy for the decreaseilG-orientation" compared with former years. Factories at Kuybyshev and Saratov have apparentlyG production completely and the factory at Kcmsomolsk has taken up helicopter production in additionroduction. To some extent this apparent slack in Soviet productionG fighters is being taken up by Satellite productionG fightsrs.

Another indication of an all-weather fighter has been the very numerous reported sightings of twin-^et swept-wing aircraft in East Germany and the IJ5'JR.3y In the main those reports describe tha aircraft as similar to the Typef Soviet Air Shews andrd larger than theack oi" csnf iraation of these sightings is beginning to cast doubt upon their reliability, however. In spite cf their large number, the reports could be erroneous, steisming perhaps from the factquipped withas sor.ewi-.at the appearancewin-Jet fighter.

Further evidence of one cr more new fighter types in Soviet units in the Satellites appeared when an aircraft, believed to be designated either theras scheduled from airfields in East Germany during the period froir. csriy August throughu.li/ Either designationighter ratheronier aircraft. (The USSR uses odd numbers to designate fighters and even to designate bombers.)

T'.ie nev: all-weather fighter may be produced by2 inhanre in production occurred at Saratova. This factory, which had been producing theG-lS and parts foregan in late3 to borrow engineers and technical pors^nnel from other

These engineers were either to help prepare

productionew article ator to observe new production. further evidenceev article was actually being producedas

iibs ucciiarmuvneu vj

cent years and Ilyushin is the successful designer of the8

twin enginejet bomber.

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ily that the new article at completely n

QG type, fighter is "tisnrjff produced by tho

jfuttrar^ore, there ftaa own nond sp and/or thef (see

o it is hardly thus, it is probable that

plant. to date the only now non-iaG fighters known or suspected to bo" inwould be the "twin-jet fighter" and thtr iu23.

the suppcsed--wj'or inst may

if the all-weather fighter knownly observed twin jet swept wing aircrarx-br trrr

ew cr codified VIZ fighter. bhether the new developments occurring in

ccpler: relate to on all-weatherew fighter, or aaircraft, and whether these developments pertain to more than oneis unknown. two apparently newvariants of the basicappeared

fiamapfflpj.sk 3rd ?jpvpsibirak factories. the first variant is known "ArtT.

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In addition to tho Soviet productions the majoraircraft producinc coaplex at Prague,Inrepresents an apparent increase in Jet trainer

production in the Soviet Orbit, possibly steaming from an increased need for those aircraft in tho European Satellites and Communist China.

The possibility should be considered that Article ST could be convortod into an all-weather interceptor to fill the gap temporarilyoro suitable weacor. is devoloped. Thewo-place aircraft could be converted into an oll-wetther fighter in much the same manner as then outgrowth ofO.

Turning now to tho sub'ectew ground attack aircraft, there is evidence fron East Germany that the USSR is using thea at least an interim attack plane. s apparently equipped-cckets were observed innd during3 and January

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