CIA ANNEXES TO PROGRESS REPORTS ON NSC 5432/1 AND NSC 5411/2

Created: 1/14/1955

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MEMORANDUM FOR: Member, ol taa Operations Coordinating Beard

Annexe- to Preports on

ad

Thorp ara attached two summary CIA annexe, to taa OCB Progress Reports oaadI/2. xpected that these progress reports will be cemaldersd by tha Board oaS. Too DCX will ba prepared to elaborate on them at tho OCB luncheon oa Januaryt tho request of aay member.

It ia requested that theee summary reports bo returned to tba undersigned after the progress report baa booa considered by

tbe Board.

C J

Operatione Coordinating Board Assistant

SA/DCI

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Attachedroposed otatement for theo moke to the NSC when it conaidera the Prognose Report on ummary ropo which waa prepared for the DCI in connection with

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the OCB report is also attached, as well as a

longer briefing memo

SIGNATURE RECORD ANO COVER SHEET

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OE OF CIA. ACCESS TO TOP SECRET MATERIAL IS LIMITED TO THOSE INDIVIDUALS WHOSE OiiTIRIAl. EACH ALTERNATE OR ASSISTANT TOP SECRET CONTROL CFEICER WHO RECEIVES iANO'OR KTL WILL SIGN THIS FPSMAK) INDICATE PERIOD OF CuSTXT IN 'BE LEFT-HAM) COl"

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THIS FORM IS DETACHED FROM TOP SECRET MATERIAL IT SHALL BE COMPLETED IN THETO CENTRAL TOP SECRET CONTROLtOM THIS FCBW0

ICC

NO. ,,

CIA Operations lp Latin America ln Support ofZ/1

Tha main emphasis of CIA ope ratin Latin America In the laot eight months4 was in tha field of anti-Communism. Among tha assets which can ba us ad are organisations and groups dealing with youth and students, labor, emigres and rsllglous actWltiso. We are alao able to work through tho prooo, radio, films, television ao wall ao business and political groups. Operations have boon moot oatoaalvo la Chile, Columbia. Bolivia. Ecuador, Braall, Uruguay, Mexico and Cuba, aa wall ao Ouatemala. Socceasful efforts waretmade to eapoae tba Communist nature of front organisations and to frustrate their plana Including In aome cases, tho breaking up of scheduled meetings and demonstrations.

Through controlled assets, tba Communist nature of tho Arbena regime In Guatemala was exposed and the danger of that regimeated. Political activities of the exiles from Guatemala in Mexico ware largely prevented.

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CIA Progreea Report on04

Major " '

*. Thr tsK*tt*ttf of CIA operation, la <hc North ar.dCoast are* waa increaoed durinj tho porlod.

In Chile actionb ration honoring pro-Commudil Call can poet Nertfla readied in decrea.ing it* impact and embaraa^inK tha epecial gueat^ije anrenbnrg. Ccommndrt infiltration of high places In the legtalatare end Communist control erf th. important field oi student affaire arere attacked. EnwowofOaCcmiBaMttr^

favorable lmpreeoioa on Chilean poblic opinion, aad the rnaiiiaajlii Tooth Featfcval waa prohibited by the Chilean Presidentajnp*ign against holding it. Another eweceea3 publication "EatudioSobre El Conrnnieemn" (Stadiea en Comrrnrrdetn). Thaea campaign* ware carried oat through aeeets Sn the fields of labor, youth and students, politic-,Journals em.

Aa aari-Cosnnmaiat reltgioae treat ia Colombia baa obtained governmental, religions and public recognition and ba. acqeired adherent, through Ua eacceeeful program* of masa meetings, radio end printed propaganda, aad partidpatlan in public ceremotdee. Controlled mechaaiama In tba field of >onirnallam have cooperated with the religion*

front.

In Boliviaeocceaeful campaign was carried out to focoa poblic attention on tb* Guatemalan situation as aa example of the danger faced by latin American states from CoramurdBt Infiltration. imilarcarried oat in Ecuador. In Coeaca,eeting of th* Commom at-dominated National Student Federation waa broken op by axttt-Contmaniatncited to action by our mechanisms.

b. ba tha River Plate-Brazil area operations are generally improving, except In Argentina where there are

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aon*. In Braall, efforts concentrated on exposing the Corararinlat nature of tho Latin American's Conference of Women, and OB tho como sure aad elimination of Communist candidates in the critical nationaltate, sad local electionsctober. Tho Brasilian mechanisms ia the youth and student, emigre, press, radio, boainoaa aad etreight propaganda aad action fields have contributed towardsolitical climate favorable for tho Braailian aovermaerd'e execution of Ita first strong aim-Communis! actions. ay heajor BraslUan safctttical lasuo la Che9 Presidential campaign. Thoso groups ware instrumental In destroying tbe aforementiooed Women's Congreaa and met with aocao saccoss la torpedoing the rstrrpslgns of Communists seoldag election on logal party ticket-.

Action la Uruguayajor operation through tha press, radio aad youth organJaatione againat local Commonist demonstrations ia support of tho Arbens government of Guatemala, Actiona CO prevent the election of Communists to public office hare apparently eucceoded in preventing the election to the Uruguayan Senatenown and dangerous Communist. Controlled newsmen were sent to Montevideo from other Latin American countries, to cover the UNESCO Conferencetandpoint favorable to tha free world and unfavorable to Soviet policy,

c. Mexico, Caba and Guatemala continue as the countries of greatest CIA activity ia the Mexico-Caribbean area.

Controlled assets in Mexico havo substantially influenced public opinion away from tha belief that the U. S. intervened in Guatemalan affairs to the belief that Guatemalaancer ia Latin America, and that something had to be done to er radicate it. Controlled mecfaaniams effected the dismissal of the Rector of tho University of Oaxsca and tha Director of Fine Arte, both Communists. Those mechanisms also obtained prohibition by the Mexican Government of overt and covert political

activities

activities by Guatemala exiles. Inc teased governmental Intercut I* Cornmunlnt matter* has in turn brought ClAInto greater local prominence and importance.

Controlled groups in Cuba continuedenipelgne againat Comnmnlat Infiltration in student, labor, religious aad youth circles. Cuban attention waa focueed oo fh* Guatemalan revolt through assnjsgejgjsjaj field. Programa have been placed on the radio. Baaincas-labor cooperation and antt-Gemmualst themea have boon put onto television. Tbe youth front has been effective in promoting solidarity againat Gomnium am among young people through booklets on Commrrrdem and young Catholic workers' publications.

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