KKASNOYE SORMOVO SHIPYARD NO.N GOR'-KTY, GOR'MY OBLAST
CIA HISTORICAL REVIEW PROGRAM RELEASE AS9
Office of Rcoearch and Reportb
This report ia an annex towhichescription
of the facilities and an assessment of theShipyard No.n Gor'kjy. This
presents an analysis of the productionJaan submarines at the shipyard and its delivery base at Baku from the beginning of thc submarine production program in late.fixD to thc end No attempt is made to assess the capability of the Baku delivery base except that reflected by the handling of submarines built by the shipyard.
I Or 3CCRET
KflASNOYE SORMOVO SHIPYARD NO.N GOR'KIY, GOR'KIY OBLAST'
Summary and Conclusions
Betweenndlass submarines were produced by the Krasnoye Sormovo Shipyard No. . in Cor'kiy. With thc exception of four submarines, which were transported lo Leningradhe enllre submarine production of thc shipyard
was transported to the delivery base at Baku for inspection, trials,
and delivery to the Soviet Navy.
Betweenndubmarines were produced in Shipyard No. Several reports indicateotal working timeonths watt uued toubmarine: onths atonths at thc delivery base at Baku. This rate ofcompares favorably with the best rate obtained in USduring World War II.
In view of lhe remarkable increase in the rate oi construction since the inception of thc program and the capital investment In improved building facilities, it is probable that the production of submarines in lhe Krasnoye Sormovo Shipyard No. 25 will exceed production4
The estimates and conclusions contained in this report represent thc best judgment of ORR as of
The Krasnoyc Sormovo Shipyard No. , inGor'kiy, Gor'kiy Oblast, was Ihc leading shipyard in the productionlaasin Ihc USSRThe first submarine of this class was delivered to the delivery base at, Baku int is probable that tooling-up and some assembly work began in the shipyard
Shipyard No.s located on Ihe Volga River at Gor'kiy. reach of tho Volga River isand thc distance from Astrakhan1 to Baku'Volga River from Gor'kiy to Astrakhan'-is frozen fromto mid-April andimiting draft during the dryabout II feet. I-
Because of thc shallowness of the Volga River and the short period of navigation, submarines built at Shipyard No.re moved in shallow-draft transporter docks to the outfitting and delivery bare of thc shipyard at Baku. The state of completion of the submarines upon reaching thc delivery base is not clear, but it in bclicvt'it that the submarines are essentially
* seems to divide the work done at the delivery base into three main moored trials; underway trials, which consist of yard and state trials, and final delivery, which consistsost-trials Inspection *nd control trials and is terminated by acceptance
of the vussttl by ihc Soviet Navy. 4/
sonrre references, seeppendix.
Considerable difficulty was experienced during thc trials of the first submarine delivered at Baku. Numerous machinery failures
required considerable time to repair or _orrect. 5/ The first submarine, delivered to Baku inas not accepted by the Soviet Navy untl /
Tho'second-and third submarines produced at Shipyardrobably were constructed during the winter and apringnd were transported to the delivery base In the fall/ These submarines apparently suffered the same failures as the first submarine, and eachear to complete the phasing at the delivery base. They were accepted by thc Soviet Navy./
Thc engineers at Shipyardpparently look positive steps in subsequent production to correct deficiencies whichduring the construction of the first three submarines. During the summer and fallubmarines wereto the delivery base at Baku. With the exception of one, which remained at the base forear, the submarines were completedonths, delivery being made/
1'roduction was rapidly increased at the shipyard, and3 the shipyardubmarines. For unknown reasons, which may have been the result of difficulties arising at thebase inf theubmarines were transported to the Baltic Shipyard No.n Leningrad for final phasing. The remainingubmarines were transported to the delivery base at Baku, and the phasing time ie"believod to have been reducedonths. By the middle ofll the submarines at the delivery base at Baku had been accepted by the Soviet Navy, thereby clearing all facilities for4 production ofin Shipyard No..
With Ilic completion in3 o( Ihebmai inc aiificmblyhipyard No. , production rone to an .illlime high ofoubmarines phasing lime at thc deasc
at Baku was reduced toonths.
it is indicated that thc lotaVworkinglTmarrnc at Shipyard2 and to complete the-.phasing at Baku washis rate of production compares favorably with thc best rate of submarine production obtained in, US shipyards during World War II.Original document.