PROVISIONAL INTELLIGENCE REPORT
HUSSION BALTIC SmPYABDN TiBJilNN ESTOWISH SSR
PROVISIONAL INTELLIGENCE REPORT
RUSSIAN BALTIC SHIPYARDN TALLINN, ESTONIAN SSR
The data and conclusions contained in this report do not necessarily represent the final position of ORR and should be regarded as provisional only and subject to revision. Comments and additional data which may be available to the user arc solicited.
CE'PPRAL INTELLIGENCE AGKKCY
Office of Research and Reports
I. Naac and Location
V. Building and Facilities
VIII. Sources of Power and Materials
IX. Capabilities and
Appendix B. Gaps in
Appendix C. Source References
KUSSIAH BALTIC SHIPYARD, IN TALLINN, ESTONIAN SSP*
The Russian Baltic Shipyard, in Tallinn, Estonian SSR, is an important ship-repair and modernization yard in the Baltic Sea area of the Soviet Bloc. The shipyard was reconstructed by the Russians after World War II, but no building ways were added. The major function of the shipyard is the repair and modernization of naval vessels of fleet destroyer size and smaller, including submarines in the Soviet Baltic Naval Fleet. The shipyard also serves the fleetefueling station. The vulnerable locution of the shipyard at the mouth of the Gulf of Finland and the development of shipyards elsewhere in the USSR and the European Satellites for the construction of naval and merchant vessels make the shipyard an unlikely site for the construction of new vessels.
The shipyard haseet of quay and pier berthing space, ofeet are allocated for refueling activities. The0 feet of quay and pier frontuge, together with the floating drydock, permit the simultaneous repairleet deotroyeru orlaes submarines. Machine shops, foundry and forges, and hull fabrication shops have been developed to support adequately all repair and modernization activities. Current employment Is estimatedersons.
The proximity of the shipyard to the Leningrad-Moscow industrial area adds considerably to the efficiency of the yard through the availability and the relatively short rail haul of components.
" The estimates and conclusions contained in this report represent the best Judgment Of ORR as
I. Name and Location.
The Soviet Shipyard, commonly known as the Russian Baltic Shipyardnd also known as Kopli Ho.opli, or Vene-Baltic, is situated on the tip of the Tellskopli Neem Peninsula,autical miles southeast of Naissaar Islandautical miles southwest of the northwest tip of Paljassaar Island. It isiles west-northwest of the center of Tallinn (formerlystonian SSR, in Economic* The shipyard isautical miles by wateriles by rail west of* The plane coordinates are latitudeN -longitudeE. 2/
The approach to the shipyard from the Gulf of Finland is through open waters. Tides do not affect navigation, and variations upeet in the water level are due almost entirely to winds. Ice interferes with navigation from the middle of January to the end of February. Icebreakers, however, usually are able to maintain open channels during the winter. 3/
The mean annual temperature isF. Extreme recorded temperaturesn July andn February. Uj
The shipyard iseet longeet wide and covers On area9 million square feet, or approximatelycres.
Tallinn is an important railroad terminal for railroads which connect the city with Leningrad, the Latvian SSR, and other parts of the USSR. oviet standard-gauge rail line connects the shipyard with the city of Tallinn. 5/
* The term region in this report refers to the economic regionsand numbered on CIA1 (First, USSR: Economic Regions.
** For serially numbered source references, see Appendix C-
The Russian Baltic Shipyardn Tallinn had its origin during the days of the czars when Estoniarovince of the Russian Empire. The shipyard had eight shipbuilding ways and was on important shipyard for the construction of new vessels. The shipyard suffered much damage during Worldnd was not reconstructed during the period of
Estonian independence. During the latter period, several unrelated private enterprisesew buildings, but there were noor ship-repair activities. 6/
Further damage was done to the shipyard during World War II. Following the war, reconstruction was started under the supervision of Soviet engineers with prisoner-of-war labor. Description of the reconstruction by many of these prisoners of war Indicated that thewas being developed to repair naval vessels, including submarines, and to serveefueling station for naval vessels. At the time when the prisoners of war left the shipyard inowork baa been started on the shipbuilding ways. No confirmed reports of ship construction have since been received, and it is believed that the principal activity has been naval ship repair, jj
As the shipyard is engaged principally in the servicing of naval vessels, it probably comes under the cognizance of the Ministry of Shipbuilding (Ministcrstvo Sudostroltel'noy PromyshlennostiMS?).
The city of Tallinn is the capital, the largest city, and the most important economic center and port in the Estonian SSR. Since World War II this port has become the main advanced base of the Baltic Fleet. The city of Tallinn, lying within the mouth of the Gulf of Finland, Is well placed to defend the sea approaches to Leningrad. 8/ The operations of this naval base are supported in part by the repair facilities of the Russian Baltic Shipyard.
V. Building and Facilities.
information on development of the Russian Baltic Shipyardn Tallinn since9 is sparse. Much work remained to be done when the prisoners of war were repatriated innd It is doubtful that the shipyard was fully activated until/ Buildings and facilities have been reconstructedermanent manner, indicating that the shipyard will be integrated into Soviet long-range planning.
Intrayard transportation ia chiefly by railroad of Soviet standard
The shipyard is protected on the land sideenceeel high. All entrances are guarded by armed guards, and entrance is by paas only, ll/
The chart of theeveloped from aerial photography but revised to agree with various intelligence reports, is believed toeasonably accurate Shops in addition to those shown on the chart probably have been added, and mobile heavy lift facilities have been installed along the quays and piers; There are no reports that the original shipbuilding ways have been reconstructed. However, it is significant that during the reconstruction the oldwere not demolished and no new buildings were erected close by which might interfere with the future development, in this area.
Following the war, buildingsndere occupied byrelated to shipbuilding. ormerly known as thewas engaged in the production of farm machinery. Buildingengaged in the manufacture of bricks. During theit was reported that these activities would be transferredlocations in the Tallinn area and that the buildings wouldinto shops for theis probable that this
conversion took place
The shipyardloating drydock capable of docking vessels of fleet destroyer size. 1U/
The Russian Baltic Shipyardn Tallinn probably was not equipped for full production untilew destroyers and other small naval vessels were overhauled9 Because the heavy lift facilities had not been installed on the repair quays, work on these vessels was accomplishedton floating
* Inside back cower.
There are no reports of production since It is estimated, however, that the yard has been in full operationngaging principally in major overhaul and possibly modernization of destroyers and smaller naval vessels.
1.TT - It I'
Shop production is believed to be confined largely to rebuilding worn or damaged parts of vessels and assembling of new components for replacement- It Is doubtful whether any major production ofis accomplished.
Assuming that the Russian Baltic Shipyardn Tallinn is engaged in repair and modernization work only, it is estimated that the current total employmentersons. The shipyard probably follows the practice of other shipyards in the USSR and operates on oneour shift, with certain shops and possibly some vessel repair of high priority working additional shifts.
VIII. Sources of Power and Materials.
Electric power is supplied byv Tallinn Thermal Power
Because of the proximity to the Leningrad-Moscow-Ukraine industrial and steel-producing region, adequate sources of supply for machinery, electrical and electronic equipment, and iron and steel are available to the uhipyard through relatively short rail hauls.
ix. Capabilities and Vulnerabilities.
The Russian Baltic Shipyardn Tallinn has adequate piers, quays, floating drydocks, and shops to effect repair and modernization of hull and machinery and possibly of electronic equipment on naval vessels of fleet destroyer size and smaller.
Assuming that one quay,n the shipyardill be used exclusively for refueling, the remaining quay and pier facilities, including the floating drydock, provide berthing space for therepairleet destroyers orlass submarines.
Inside back cover.
Although the shipbuilding facilities were not reconstructed, the shipyardotential shipbuilding yard. It is estimated thateriodoonths the old building ways could be rebuilt, new platens for the assemoly of hull subsections could be
constructed, and other facilities related to new construction could be brought into production. The undeveloped area adjacent to the old shipbuilding ways could easily be developed into platen areas for the assembly of hull subsections, and the shipbuilding ways could be reconstructed to provide building facilities for the simultaneous constructionruisersoastal destroyerslass submarines. The supporting shops in the shipyard are believed to be adequate to produce new vessels, assuming that all hull steel would be fabricated and asseobled within the shipyard from rolled plates and shapes, that light castings and forglngs would be produced within the shipyard, that all machinery would be assembled and installed, and that probably all naval ordnance would be installed. Machinery, ordnance, heavy castings, and forglngs. Including propellers and propeller shafts, would be procured from the industrial area of Leningrad, probably from one of the larger shipyards in Leningrad. The development of theto construct new vessels would practically preclude repair work.
It ia believed, however, because of the following reasons, that any future expansion of the shipyard will be in the direction ofrepair facilities such as graving docks and marine railways, constructed In the area of the old building ways, rather than developmenthipbuilding yard: he proximity of the shipyard to the Baltic area of the Naval Fleet operations uss to the fleet's base in Tallinn oakea It ideally situated for fleet maintenancehe apparent trend of the USSR to develop naval shipbuilding facilities within the interior or at least In less vulnerable locations such as Molotovsk, Rikolayev, and Komsomol'skrend toward sites that can be protectedonger period of time in case of war;he use of the yard to build merchant vessels is believed to be very remote In view of the merchant shipbuilding capabilities In the Baltic region of the Soviet Bloc.
The Russian Baltic Shipyardn Tallinn probably has developedell-coordinated plant. As the shipyard is locatediles, by rail, west of Leningrad and has good railroad connections with the Leningrad industrial area, it can safely be assumed that sources of supply available to the shipbuilding Industry
in Leningrad will be available to the shipyard. Probably the most critical item In the operation of the shipyard is an adequate supply of skilled labor. The shipyard, operating as an adjunct to the Soviet Navui Forces, undoubtedlyigher priority for the procurement of labor and materials than do repair yards of the merchant or river
This report was compiled chiefly from post-World War II determination of the use to which the shipyard would be put was derived principally from an analysis of reports byprisoners of war andesser degree was confirmed by other Intelligence reports and digests.
The chart of the shipyard was compiled by usingaerial photographyase and revising this base to agree with reported developmenttft.
The labor force was estimated byuctorquareemployee and calculating the total area of all buildings,area of multiple floorspace ofeet along each pier This method evolved from data obtainedumber ofand has been found to agree in general with datashipyards In East Germany (see, The ShipbuildingEastand in Czechoslovakia (see
r.ipbulldkng Industry of Lzechoslovakia,ar 5ft, 3/
The compilation of data and the preparation of estimates and conclusions were derived from research in the files of the Industrial Register, the CIA Library, and the Graphics Register.
The documents from the Industrial Register were mainly raw intelli gence consisting chiefly of prisoner-of-war reports. The reliability of single reports could be evaluated only on the basis of their contri bution to this reporthole. The composite of selected reports may beating ofpossibly true).
Publications of IAC agenciesew intelligence reports and digests prepared by foreign governments have beenigh evaluation, as they represent the considered opinion of experienced observers and analysts.
Evaluations, following the classification entry and designatedave the following significance:
ot usually reliable
annot be Judged
- Confirmed by other sources
- Probably true
- Possibly trueoubtful
- Probably false
- Cannot be Judged
M ii |l. ii.ll
"Documentary" refers to original documents of foreign governmentsnd organisations; copies or translations of such documentstaff officer; or information extracted from euch documentstaff officer, all of which may carry the field evaluation "Documentary."
Evaluations not otherwise designated are those appearing on the cited document; those designated "RR" are by the author of this report. No "RR" evaluation Is given when the author agrees with the evaluation on the cited document.
art C, Supplementorts and Naval Facilities,. Eval. RR 2.
art C, Supplementlt.
ONI Review,. Eval. RR 2.
2 Sep Info. Eval.
Navy. 0 info. Eval. RR 2.
Air. Tallinn,ltUSD, prints no3-
2nfo. Eval. 2. Eval. RR 2.