TERRORISM REVIEW - LATIN AMERICA: ANTI-US TERRORISM IN CHILE - THE THREAT CONTI

Created: 9/24/1991

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

CHILEAN TERRORIST ORGANIZATIONS WILL PROBABLY CONTINUE TARGETING SYMBOLS OF US WERE ATTACKED IN RECORD NUMBERS0 AND EAHLYTHERE ARK SIGNS THAT THE GOVERNMENT MAY BE COMING TO GRIPS KITH ITS TERRORISM PROBLEM. SINCE THE END OF THE PINOCHET REGIME IN MARCH SEVERAL FAR-LEFT GROUPS. INCLUOING THE CCHiUKIST PARTY OF CHILE (PCCHI, HAVE MOVED AWAY FPCH TERRORIST TACTICS, BUT OTHER. MORE EXTREME ORGANIZATIONS CONTINUESE ARMEO ACTION IN P'jflS'JI7 OF THEIR POLITICALSE GROUPS ARE STRONGLY ANTI-US AND HAVE TARGETED US COrJHERCIAL. RELIGIOUS. AND OFFICIAL INTERESTS IN PART TO GRAB MEDIA HEADLINES AND IN PART TO DRIVE THOSE INTERESTS OUT OF CHILE. J

IN RECENT MONTHS, EXCESSES BY TERRORISTt* IMARILY THE MANUEL RODRIGUEZ PATRIOTIC FRONT/DISSIDENTS (FPMR/0) AND THE LAUTAPO YOUTH MOVEMENT OPULARSH AND STIFFENED CHILEAN POPULAR AND GOVERNMENT RESOLVE TO COMBAT TERRORISM. THE PUBLIC HAS SHARPLY CRITICAL OF THE0 TERRORIST

ASSASSINATIONS OF TWO POLITICAL LEADERS AND THE FREQUENT ATTACKS AGAINST YOUNGTHIS RESOLVE BODES WELL FOR EVENTUAL HEADWAY ON THE PROBLEM, ALTHOUGH THETILLONSIDERABLE DISTANCE TO GO INAPABILITY TO COUNTER TERRORIST TACTICS,

A PROFILE Of AHT1-US TERRORISM

I-US YEARSURELY NUWEF SUCH INCIDthINIHU& CAS

DIRLCTP

OVER THE PAST ALTHOUGHORLDWIDE LI-AD TOW

DIRECTED AGAINST US

,E0 TO AVOID OR

THE TERRORISTS TARGETED OFFICIAL US PERSONNEL TOR INJURY OR DEATH, APPARENTLY IK AX EFFORT TO EXPLOIT MEDIA ATTENTION ON THE US ROLE IN THE GULF MAR. NO US CITIZEN It AS KILLED IN THESE INCIDENTS, BUT THE ATTACKS LED TO THE DEATH OF ONE CANADIAN AND THE WOUNDING OF FIVE US CITIZENS- THIRTY-TWO ANTI-US INCIDENTS RESULTED IN DEATH, INJURY, OR SUBSTANTIAL STRUCTURAL DAMAGE IN CHILE IMMEDIATELY FOLLOWING THE END OF THE GULF WAR, THE TERRORISTS TEMPORARILY SLOWED ATTACKS AGAINST US INTERESTS. LOW-LEVEL BOMBINGS OF US COW^ERCIAIjyJD RELIGIOUS INTERESTS BECAME MORE FREQUENT AGAIN IN LATE JUNE

SINCE

IN THE ANTITANK ROCKET ATTACK AGAINST THE US EMBASSY MARINE GUARD VAN IN SANTIAGO ONS&RUARY THE TERRORISTS DEMONSTRATEDAPABILITY AND WILLINGNESS TO HIT US TARGETS WITH LETHAL FORCE

OFFICIAL INTERESTS OR PERSONNEL*F] COUNTERING TERROR TSH

CHILE PROUAHLY HAS BETTER LONG-TERM PROSPECTS FOR CONTROLLING ITS TERRORIST I'ROBLEM THAN OTHER COUNTRIES IN THE REGION

L'NI SHAEI TABLE A.! LIMITS THE ABILITY OF THf TErr-iRTSTS TO

ESTABLISH STRONG RURAL BASES AMD FORCES AN URBAN APPROACH. MOREOVER, THERE IS LITTLE PUBLIC SUPPORT FOR TERRORIST ACTIVITIES, AND EVEN THE LARGE PCCH HAS LOST CREDIBILIT EQUIVOCATION ON TERRORIST TACTICS

THE ASSASS1KATICW Or CHILEAN SENATOR JAM GUIMAH IN APRIL1ARGE NUMBER OF TERRORICI WWTS SINCE THE BEGINNING Or THE YEAR HAVE HEIGHTENED PUBLIC CRITICISM OF THE GOVERNMENT'S COUNTERTERRORIST PROGRAK. OPPOSITION CRITICISM GAINED CREDIBILITY WITH THE ARREST OK AH ARMED EXTREMIST WHO HAD BEEN PARDONED IN THE EARLY DAYS OF THE ALYNIN PRESIDENCY. ANO GUZMAN'S MURDER CAPPED THE

OH IS MARCH, PRESIDENT AYLMINGHPHEHENSIVE COUNTERVIOIXNCE PROGRAM, WHICH INCLUDES:

ERADICATING CRIMINAL HANGOUTS-

--AUGMENTING THE CAPARINBROS AND INVESTIGATIONS POLICE BUDGETS AND WORKING TO IMPROVE THEIR CAPABILITIES.

--INCREASING POLICE PATROLS.

--REFORMING THE LEGAL COOK.

--IMPOSING MINIMUM SECURITY MEASURES FOR BANKS.

--APPLYING THE ANTITERRORIST LAM LESS NARROWLY TO ALLOW MORE INCARCERATIONS.

SELECTED ANTI-US TERRORIST mClOCNTS IN CHILE DM

ANTI-US INCIDENTS: 6. TWO CAUSED EXTENSIVE DAMAGE OR INJURY . . WO MORMON ATTACKS.

1 JUNEOMUS CITIBANK BRANCHASSERBY AND DAMAGES THE BANK.

ULY VALPARAISO: UNKNOWN PERSONSORMON CHURCH, INJURING THREE CHILEAN CHILDREN.

19S9

ANTI-US INCIDENTS: flVI CAUSED EXTDtSIVT. DAMAGE OR INJURY, ONE DEATH ORMON ATTACKS.

6 APRIL SANTIAGO: AN FPMR BOMB DAMAGES THE US-CHILEAN BINATIONAL CENTER.

4 JULY SANTIAGO: THE MJLS CITIZEN TO DISROBE IN FRONTORMON CONGREGATION. IGNITES GASOLINE INSIDE TKE CHAPEL, ANDOMB--LATER DEACTIVATED--AT THE DOOR.

ULY SANTIAGO: THE MJLORMON CHAPEL CUSTODIAN AT GUNPOINT WHILE IGNITING GASOLINE INSIDE.

EPTEMBERHILEAN GROUPOMB ACROSS THE STREET FROM THE US EMBASSY, ONTRACT GUARD.

AN FPMR BOMBORMON CHURCH KILLSANOTHER.

NKNOWN PERSONS BOMB THE US-CHILEAN

ECEMBER SANTIAGO AND QUILPUE; THEOMRED THREE MORMON CHURCHES, PAINTS SIGNS NFARBY READING "YANKEES OUT OF

ECEMBER SANTIAGO; THE FPMROMB INSIDE THE US-CHILEAN BINATIONAL CENTER; NO INJURIES ARE REPORTED AMONG STUDENTS AND TEACHERS IN THE BUILDING.

ANTI-US INCIDENTS: 6b. AT LEASTAUSED EXTENSIVE DAMAGE OR INJURY, ONE DEATH . . . ORMON ATTACKS.

AY SANTIAGO: WOOCKET-PROPELLED GRENADESONTRACT GUARD AND DAMAGE TWO VEHICLES AT THE US CONSULAR ANNEX.

SANTIAGO: THEETONATES BOMBS ORMON CHAPEL; NO INJURIES AMONG THEEOPLE INSI UK.

AY SANTIAGO:OMB EXTENSIVELYORMON CHURCH.

JUNE SANTIAGO: ANOMB EXTENSIVELYORMON CHAPEL.

JULY SANTIAGO: THE MJL IGNITES KEROSENEORMON CHAPEL AND LEAVES ANTI-AMERICAN, PRO-CUBAN LITERATURE.

SANTIAGO: THE MJLORMON CHAPEL, YANKEES OUT OF CHILE" ON THE WALLS.

UGUST SANTIAGO; TWO CITIBANK BRANCHES ARE BOMBED, SERIOUSLYHILEAN.

SANTIAGO: TERRORISTS SET FIRE TO TWO MORMONTHEY WERE OCCUPIED, S CITIZEN.

COPIAPO: THEORMON CHAPEL, CAUSING EXTENSIVE DAMAGE.

EPTEMBER TALCAHUANOr UNKNOWN PERSONSALVATION ARMY CHURCH AND CHILDREN'S HOME.

SANTIAGO; AN MJL BOMB EXTENSIVELYORMON CHAPEL.

3 NOVEMBER VINA DEL MAR: ANOMBESTAURANT FREQUENTED BY FOREIGNERS INJURES EIGHT PEOPLE. INCLUDING THREE US SAILORS AND THREE UR CITIZENS.

OVEMBER SANTIAGO: ANOHR OFTBALL BAT KILLS ONE CANADIAN AND SERIOUSLYS EMBASSY EMPLOYEE AND TWO CHILEANS.

1 DECEMBER SANTIAGO: THE MJL FIRES ON TKE RESIDENCEORMON FAMILY WHERE TWO US CITIZENS WERE LIVING.

SANTIAGO;HALLOMB EXPLODES ACROSS THE STREETOTEL HOUSIKC AIDES ACCOMPANYING PRESIDENT BUSH ON HIS LATIN AMERICAN TOUR.

SANTIAGO; TERRORISTS SET TIKE TO TWO MORMON CHURCHES ANO SPRAY-PAINT ANT1-US, ANTI-BOSH STATEMENTS NEARBY.

SANTIAGO;MALL.OMB EXPLODESROWDED AREAESTAURANT, BUT CAUSES NO INJURIES.

ECEMBER IRE SET BY ARMED HJL TERRORISTSORMON CHAPEL.

THROUGH JULY1 ABOUTNTI-US ATTACKS OCCURRED IN CHILE, URING THE CULF WAR. AUSED EXTENSIVE DAMAGE ORORMON ATTACKS.

anuary vina delirebombormon church.

laomb heavilyormon church.

anuary santiago: three us banks are firebombed.

anuary s bank is bombed, causing extensive damage.

ORMON CHURCH IS BOMBED,ALLER LINKS THE BOMBING TO US ACTIONS IN THE PERSIAN CULF.

EBRUARY ARS MARINE VAN LEAVING THE MARINE HOUSE WHILE THEIRES AN ANTITANK ROCKET; THE ROCKET FAILS TO EXPLOPC, BUT ATTACKERS SPRAY THE VAN WITH AUTOMATIC WEAPONS FIRE AS THEY LEAVE. ONE MARINE IS SERIOUSLY INJURED.

SANTIAGO: THE MJLORMON CONGREGATION FROM ITS CHURCH AND SET FIRE TO THE BUILDING.

PRIL SANTIAGO: THE MJLORMON CHURCH.

5 JULY SANTIAGO;ROBABLERENAOE UARDS TRANSPORT COMPANY OFFICE.

7 JULY SANTIAGO: THEIRES ON ANDOMBORMON CHAPEL. INJURING ONE PERSON.

OLY SANTIAGO: PROBABLE MJL MEMBERSORMON CHAPEL ON FIRE.

ULY SANTIAGO: THREE MJL MEMBERS ARE FOUND PLANTING BOMBSENTUCKY FRIED CHICKEN RESTAURANT DURING BUSINESS HOURS; ONE BOMB

OUTLOOK FORS ATTACKS

US INTERESTS MILL CONTINUEREQUENT TERRORIST TARGET IN CHILE FOR AT LEAST THE NEAR TERM BUT THE THREAT MILL LESSEN IF SANTIAGO IMPROVES ITS COUNTESTERROR1ST CAPABILITIES AND POLICIES. AS NE EXPECT. THE PATTERN OF ATTACKS HILL PROBABLY BE SIMILAR TO THAT OF THE PAST IBNUMBERS OF LOW-LEVEL INCIDENTS HITH THE POSSIBILITY OF HARDER HITTING ATTACKS WHEN SOME WORLD OR LOCAL EVENT FOCUSES ATTENTION ON THE UNITED STATES. MORMON CHUPCHES APL LIKELY

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