STATION INVESTIGATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS IN GUATEMALA

Created: 10/15/1991

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

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GUATEMALA CITY

EYES ohly - STATIOM ESTICATIOH OF SOMAN RIGHTS

VIOLATIONS IN EF: EXT:_

1. OVER THE PAST YEAR, STATION HAS BEEN CR EASINCIY DISTURBING PEPORTS OF ALLEGED HUNAN RIGBTS VIOLATIONS INVOLVINC THF qhhmv) SERVICE, THF GUATEMALAN APhY OR OTHER COMPONENTS OF THE GUATEMALAN SECOPITY SERVICES. WE HAVE TAKEN ALL SUCH REPORTS SERIOUSLY AND HAVE ATTEMPTED TO OBTAIN INFO?MATION TO CONFIRM OR DISPROVE THEM. OF CODRSE, THIS HAS NOT BEEN EASY; THERE IS SELDOM SUFFICIENT EVIDENCE. INTELLIGENCE DISSEMINATION.

IN THE PAST FEW WEEFS REPORTS RECEIVED) HAVE CREATED WHAT WE BELIEVE ARE REASONABLE CPOl/MDS FOP BFLIEVING THAT CEPTAIN SPECIFIC ACCUSATIONS AND OTHER, MOPE GENEPAL ACCUSATIONS KAY BE TPUF. WE HAVE ARRIVED AT THIS CONCLUSION NOT JUST FROM REPORTING ON INDIVIDUAL INCIDENTS, BUT ALSO FROM SUPPORTING REPORTING THAT HAS PROVIDED THE "ATMOSPHERICS* SURROUNDING THE CASES. WE STRESS THAT IN ALL OF THESE CASES FURTHER INVESTIGATION IS WARRANTED, BUT WE PRESENT TPE FOLLOWING IN FORMA IOM IN DETAIL TO PROVIDE TO NOS THE CONTENT OF SOME RECENT REVELATIONS. HEEDLESS TO SAY, THE STATION HAS F THE FORTH t. R IHV ESTICATION OF ALL OF THESE

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A TOP PPIOPITY. FOLLOWING IS PECENT INFORMATION

HEUKiVED ON INDIVIDUAL HUMAN RIGHTS CASES:

IS THF APPARENT SECUENCE OP EVENTS. OP MILITARY ZONE COLONEL ARCIA)) THE LOSS OF A CALIL PIPLE BY HIS TPOOPS lA AND.TOOK HIS RIFLE WITH HIM). GARCIA HAD LOST IN THE PAST, A SEPIOUS OFFENSE AND A BLACK HARK IN RECORD. WE SPECULATE THAT GARCIA CATALAN THIS TO THE GENEPAL STAFF AND 7

WOULD PROBABLY HAVE THEN OPDEPED THAT THE WEAPON BE RECOVERED, A MISSION THAT WOULD HAVE BEEN CAPRIED OUT

BY THE LOCAL OFFICE, UNDEP GAPCIA'S DIPECT COMMANDi CAPTAIN HUGO FROM THE HZ 23

s

WAS SENT TO QUESTION DEVINE-

CONTPFPAS HAD DFVINE APPFSTED AND TOOK HIM TO THE KAIBIL .BASE AT POPTUN, PETFN DEPARTMENT.

DFVINE WAS TIED TO A CHAIR AND SUFFOCATED WITH A PONCHO IH AN ATTEMPT TO MAKE HIM TALK ABOUT THF MISSING PrONTPf^^S CONFIRMED THAT DFVINE HAD THE RIFLE, PUT IT RECOVERED NFI .

hh1iiiiiiihh1.b- AT SOME POINT, DEVI HE DIED OP WAS KILLED BY CONTRERAS. HIS NECK WAS CUTACHETE [PERHAPS TO HIDE MARKS ON THF NECK FROM THE STFANGULATION OR SUFFOCATION] AND THE BODY WAS DUMPED ON A ROAD NEAR HIS HOUSE.

TBIS IKDICATES THAT THE PNTIPE COKHAND STRUCTURE OP THE HILITAPY E WHEPE THE KILLING TOOr PLACE WAS CONTROLLED BY HEK KNOWN TO BE CAPABLE OF HUPDEP THE HOST CASUAL PPFTEXT,

PEPOPTFD THAT (FNUJ ONE OF THE FNLISTFD MEN ACCUSED IN THELING t DEVINE >

WE SEE NO CONFLICT IN THIS VERSION OP THE_JJ-OPY. CONSIDERING THF LOW REGAPD IN NHICH ENLISTED MEN APE HELD IN GUATEMALA, IF CONTFEPAS WAS IN CCPMAND NffFN PEVIME WAS MLLtO.B

HE FOPMER DEFENSE MINISTER, HAVE GIVEN THE ORDER TO INVESTIGATE TPE THEFT OP THE GALIL RIFLE, COLONEL GARCIA.APTAIN CONTRERAS. GARCIA CATALAN AND MENDOZA AH P BOTH PROTEGES OF FORMER MINISTER

OF DEPENSE ACCORDING BBJbBsR CRAMAJO RETAINS STRONG INFLUENCE IN THE ARMY AND CONTINUES TO INPLOENCE THE PLACEMENT OP ICEY OFFICERS. HE SAID THAT IT IS POSSIBLE THAT TBE DESIRE TO PROTECT CRANAJO'S MEN (CAREFULLY PLACED IN VET PSOTIONS BEFORE BE LEFT OFFICE, IN ANTICIPATION OF BIS EXPECTED PRESIDENTIAL PID) IS TBE DRIVING FORCE BEHIND THE ABSOLUTE REFUSAL TO COOPERATE ON TBE DEVINE CASE._ -

B. KIDNAPPING OF DIANA UOPTIZl]: ORTI Z] } IS A. CITIZEN AND ROMAN CATHOLIC NUN WHO CLAIMS TO HAVE BEEN HPNAPPFP AND PFLTASFP MOP t THAN A YEAP O PY Gl'ATEMALM'

rUMVBM. UNTIL NOW, STATION (AND THE EMBASSY) HAS BEEN INCLINED TO PECAPof B STOPY WITH SUSPICION Btl' JSE OP THE

TACTICS COMMONLY USED BY LEFTIST PROPAGANDISTS IN GUATEMALA [FALSE RIDNAPPINCS, ETC.1 AND THE UNCONVINCING CONTENT OP HERcnxrjf'h. pnwFVFP. tpat she was CT

KIDNAPPED AS SBE CLAIMED, PROBABLY BY TBE OPPICE IOHE , WITH BEADQGARTERS IN CBI MA DEPARTMENT (SBE WAS KIDNAPPED IN IS IN HI STATION HOST STRESS THAT

HAS SIMPLY SAID THAT HE KNOWS SHE WAS KIDNAPPED, BUT HAS NOT PROVIDED ANY SPECIFIC INFORMATION SURROUNDING THE KIDNAPPINC.

IN VIEW OP THE EXTREME SENSITIVITY OP THIS CASE, THIS IS POINT. AS HQS MAY BE AWARE, THE CASE HAS NEWS COVEPACE IN THE INCLUDINC A STORY ON NEWS SHOW. IN THE OPINION NOT

RAPED OP OTHERWISE MISTREATED AS SHE CLAIMED, HOWEVER. WWW) SAID THAT WOMEN APE NOT NOBHALLX SEXUALLY MOLESTED AND IP THERE HAD BEEN ANY PHYSICAL MISTREATMENT BY HER CAPTORS SBE WOULD. HAVE BEEN KILLED PATH EP THAN PELEAS ED. AID THAT, ACCORDING TO WHAT HE KNOWS OF SUCH AFFAIRS, WOMEN WHO ARE NOT RELEASED ARE USUALLY STABBED AND LEFT AT A PUBLIC BUS TERNINAL SO THEY HILL _BE POUND AND THE DEATH REPORTED AS AN ORDINARY CRIMINAL INCIDENT. THOSE RELEASED UNHARMED APE SOMETIMES DRUGCFD AND THEN RELEASED. WHEN THEY COME TO THEY ARE DISOPIENTEO AND OFTEN UNABLE TO CIVE AN ACCOUNT OP WHAT HAPPENED TO THEM. THIS KAY WELL HAVE BEEN THE CASE * ADDED THAT ORTI1 WAS IB CONTACT WITH LEFTIST GUERRILLAS, WBICB LF? TO HE? T. WE EPF.AS UNABLE TO CIVE FURTHER DETAILS, BUT WAS CLEAR IN STATING TBAT ORTIZ HAD BEEN KIDNAPPED.

C. FRANK MVARCASJ], SANDINISTA HI LI TARJLJ-NTE VARGAS WAS SHOT TO DEATH ON THE STREET IN IOHE CITY LATF l9. 1 "AS SCOT eY

THE KILLING. STATION SUSPECTS THAT VAPGAS TURNED DOWN AN

[RECRUITMENT PITCH OR IGNORED A DEMAND THAT BE CEASE OPERATIONS IN GUATEMALA CITY ,m

0. KYPNA ACK)! THAT THE

SERVICE FILLED MACK,

SAID TEAT HE BELIEVES PROM TBE

SERVICE ASSASSINATED TBE POLICE OFFICER ASSICNED TO NUMBER OT HUNAN RIGHTS CASES, INCLUDING TPE MURDER OF CHANG, A MEMBER OF THE GUATEMALAN GUERRILLA ALTHOUGH NOT SAY THAT TH

NATURE OF THE BILLING ANP THE ATTEMPTS TO T TBE BLAME

THE

LOCATED, IS A E! MM THAT THES VICE

MAY WELL HAVE KILLED HEP. TO " r" :'T

THAT A CRIMINAL BILLED THE POLICE OFFICER BECAUSE OFORRUPTION CASE THE SLAIN POLICEMAN WAS INVOLVED IN. THE

SERVICE PRODUCED A TAPE WHICH HAS A CONPESSION OF. THE KILLER, A PETTY CRIMINAL. y TS TiiAT TH E

SERVICE INDUCED A CRIMINAL TO TAKE THE FALL POP THE RILLING, WITH A PROMISE OF LATER RELEASE. THIS IS POSSIBLE, ABO IT IS POSSIBLE THAT TBE ACCUSED CRIMINAL OB OTHERS WERE ASKED TO CAFPY THE KILLING PY lHHlHB ICE. IT IS ALSO POSSIBLE THAT TPF NOT INVOLVED. E. ALLECED KILLING OP FIFTEEN CRIMINALS

flH^PEPORTS THAT IN EARLY1 SOME ITEMS,ACIO, WERE STOLENHAT WAS OH A SURVEILLANCE MISSION IN GUATEMALA CITY. *Wk%

PLACED ANOTHER CAP WITH "BAIT" IN THE SAME AREA SOME TIME AFTER THE INCIDENT AND EVENTUALLY WERE ABLE TO CAPTURE EMBERS OF A CRIMINAL GANG OPERATING IN TJLE--ARE A. THEY WERE LOCKED IN THE BACK OP A VAN. AFTER SEVERAL DAYS WITHOUT rOOD CP WATER, THRTE OF THE CRIMINALS WEPE TAPPK OLT AMD SHCT. TVFIR

liMHTlflBH HIIB NOTES PASTED TO the I? FOREHEADS. THESE

WERE TREK DUMPED . PUBLIC AREA. NOTICES IB THE

NEWSPAPER ASKING POP INPORKATION ON THEIR WHEREABOUTS. THE

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IR ADDITION TO THE ABOVE, THERE ARE INDICATIONS BIGHTS VIOLATIONS AGAINST HABITUAL CRIMINALS, AND TERRORISTS, BUT WE DO NOT HAVE ANY ON OTHER CASES. IT SHOULD BE REMEMBERED AMY MURDER IR GUATEMALA IS LI RELY TO BE ATTRIBUTED IN FACT, KOCH CRIMINAL

ACTIVITYOT TO MENTION POLITICAL ACTIVITYIOLENT NATURE J THAT IT IS USUALLY IMPOSSIBLE TO DETERMINE WHO IS

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RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY INDIVIDUAL ACT. AN EXCELLENT

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TTMA LAN NAVY7 IT THE HI

EXAMPLE OP THIS WOULD BE THE KILLING OP ELEVEN PERSONS BY ^ftttfi;

IP THE NAVAL OFFICERS IN CHARGE HAD NOT CAPRtEO OUT THE KILLINGS IN SUCR A CLUMSY FASHION, IT IS PROBABLE THAT NOBODY WOULD HAVE EVER SUSPECTED THE NAVY OP CARRYING OUT TBE KILLINCS. THEY MIGHT WELL HAVE BEEN FALSELY

ATTRIBUTE NOTHER INSTANCE, ^fJJPK

HA.VE BEEN ACCUSED OP HAVING TRACKED DOWN THE GANG THAT RAPED AND ROBBED A GROUP OF CEHMAN IT HAS EVER BEEN RUMORED THAT THEY RECEIVED DIRECT ORDERS FROM THE PRESIDENT OF GUATEMALA TO DO THIS. OF COURSE, THERE IS NO PROOF WHATSOEVER THAT THIS HAPPENED. TO PUPTHEP ILLUSTRATE THE POINT, THE RILLING OF FRANK VARGAS, THE SANDINISTA, HAS BEEN ATTRIBUTED TO THE SANDINISTAS, LOCAL CONTRA SUPPORTERS, LOCAL CRIMINALS (VARGAS WAS REPORTED TO BE INVOLVED IN DIRFCT KINDS OP ILLEGAL ACTIVITY} AND, OF COURSE,

PEGAHDLESS STATEMENT, WE CANNOTJLULE OUT THF POSSIBILITY THAT HE IS WRONG AND THAT WAS MEHFLY BOASTING AMD TAR IVC CPTDIT POP A CRIME COMMITTED BY

ANOTHER PERSON. REGARDING THE SUPPORTING 'ATMOSPHERICSTTERN OF HUMAN

PICIITS VIOLATIONS 3Y S SERVICE *AND THE GUATEMALAN

ARMY IN GENERAL. THE EARLIER MENTIONED KILLING OP ELEVEN PERSONS BY A GUATEMALAN NAVY COMMANDER A PEW WEEKS ACO, ATTER OP PUBLIC RECORD, IS HOW PUT INTO PERSPECTIVE. THE GENERAL OPINION EXPRESSED BY ALL OP THEN IS THAT THE EXTRAJUDICIAL KILLING OP CERTAIN CATEGORIES OP PERSONS IS ALMOST ROUTINE. IT IS APPARENTLY CONSIDERED JUSTIFIED TO KILL GUERRILLAS WHO REFUSE TO COOPERATE WITH THE ARMY, COMMON CRIMINALS AND NARCOTICS TRAfflCKEPS. REPORTS OF THIS RIND ARE ONE THING, HOWEVER. PROOF OR SOLID EVIDENCE IS . COS COMMENTS: . PILE: RONE.

DATE: 1 PEL:

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