Punishment (See also Torture, Transformation.) Allusions, Definition, Citation, Reference, Information - Allusion to Punishment (See also Torture, Transformation.)


  1. Abijah Jeroboam’s child; taken by God for father’s wickedness. [O.T.: I Kings 14:12]
  2. Adam condemned to survive by sweat of brow. [O.T.: Genesis 3:19]
  3. Amfortas sinful life led to perpetual suffering. [Arth. Legend: Walsh Classical, 20; Ger. Opera: Parsifal]
  4. Ammit half-hippopotamus, half-lion monster of underworld; ate the sinful. [Egyptian Myth.: Leach, 50]
  5. Ashura land of punishment for those who die angry. [Jap. Myth.: Jobes, 140]
  6. Atlas Titan condemned to bear world on shoulders. [Gk. Myth.: Walsh Classical, 38]
  7. Battus Arcadian shepherd who revealed Mercury’s theft of sheep; he was punished by being turned to stone. [Gk. and Rom. Myth.: Walsh Classical, 71]
  8. Born, Bertrand de Dante has him carry his head as lantern. [Ital. Lit.: Inferno; Walsh Classical, 55]
  9. Cambyses had a venal judge put to death and the body skinned as covering for his judgment seat. [Gk. Hist.: Herodotus in Magill III, 479]
  10. Dirae the Furies; punished crimes and avenged wrongs. [Gk. Myth.: Kravitz, 82, 91–92]
  11. Don Juan for murder, devoured by fire. [Span. Lit.: Benét, 279; Ger. Opera: Mozart, Don Giovanni, Westerman, 95]
  12. Erinyes (Furies) three sisters who pursue those guilty of blood crimes and drive them mad. [Gk. Myth.: Benét, 320]
  13. Eve for disobeying God, would suffer in childbirth. [O.T.: Genesis 3:16]
  14. flood for his evilness, man perishes by inundation. [O.T.: Genesis 6: 5–8; 7:4]
  15. Herod Agrippa I was eaten by worms for playing god. [N.T.: Acts 12:23]
  16. Herodias lived for nineteen centuries as punishment for her crime against John the Baptist. [Fr. Lit.: Eugène Sue The Wandering Jew]
  17. iron maiden hollow iron figure in the shape of a woman, lined with spikes that impaled the enclosed victim. [Ger. Hist.: Brewer Dictionary, 491]
  18. Ixion Thessalian king bound to fiery wheel by Zeus. [Gk. and Rom. Myth.: Zimmerman, 142; Rom. Lit.: Metamorphoses]
  19. Laocoön Trojan priest offends Athena, is strangled to death by two sea serpents. [Gk. Myth.: Benét, 565]
  20. Nadab and Abihu destroyed by God for offering Him “alien fire.” [O.T.: Leviticus 10:1–3]
  21. Papageno for lying, has mouth padlocked. [Ger. Opera: Mozart, The Magic Flute, Westerman, 102–104]
  22. Peeping Tom struck blind for peeping at Lady Godiva. [Br. Legend: Brewer Dictionary, 403]
  23. plagues on Egypt God visits Egypt with plagues and epidemics to show his power. [O.T.: Exodus 8, 12]
  24. Prometheus for rebelliousness, chained to rock; vulture fed on his liver which grew back daily. [Rom. Myth.: Zimmerman, 221–222]
  25. Prynne, Hester pilloried and sentenced to wear a scarlet “A” for her sin of adultery. [Am. Lit.: The Scarlet Letter]
  26. Sisyphus condemned in Hades to roll boulder uphill which would immediately roll down again. [Gk. Myth.: Zimmerman, 244; Gk. Lit.: Odyssey; Rom. Lit.: Aeneid]
  27. Tantalus for his crimes, sentenced to Hades to be within reach of water he cannot drink. [Gk. Myth.: Zimmerman, 253; Gk. Lit.: Odyssey]
  28. Tell, William ordered to shoot apple placed on son’s head for refusing to salute governor’s hat. [Ger. Lit.: William Tell; Ital. Opera: Rossini, William Tell; Westerman, 121–122]
  29. Thyestes unknowingly eats sons served by vengeful brother. [Rom. Lit.: Thyestes]
  30. Tyburn tree site of the London gibbet. [Br. Hist.: Espy, 169]
  31. Vale of Achor site of lapidation of Achan, Israelite troublemaker. [O.T.: Joshua 7:24–26]
  32. Vathek condemned to eternal flames for seeking forbidden knowledge. [Br. Lit.: Beckford Vathek]